Mr. Vignaud's Maps: Unraveling a Cartographic Mystery from the Golden Age of Dutch Cartography

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Appendix Atlas of 1636-1680 (Ms1)

Comitatus Lancastrensis: The Countie Palatine of Lancaster

Jansson, Jan. Comitatus Lancastrensis: The Countie Palatine of Lancaster. [Amsterdam: Johannes Janssonius, 1630.]

The largest collection of maps to come from this project is the Appendix Atlas of 1636-1680, or informally known as “Manuscript Style 1” or “Ms1,” which at one time contained approximately one hundred maps published by Johannes Janssonius between 1636 and 1680. As this compilation of maps does not match any other known atlases, the Clark Library created the title to identify this particular set.

Burgundiae Comitatus, Franche-Comté

Jansson, Jan, and Henry Vignaud. Burgundiæ Comitatus, Franche Comté. Amsterdam: [Jan Jansson, 1630.]

As with the Composite Atlas of France, Ms1 is a composite atlas, likely assembled and bound at the behest of a patron, who requested a unique list of maps, perhaps of their own making, to be bound into an atlas. The atlas includes maps of Great Britain, Ireland, France, Spain, Switzerland, and Belgium.

Anglia Regnum

Jansson, Jan. Anglia Regnum. Amsterdam: Ioannem Ianssonium, 1630.

Each of the maps included in this collection bears a manuscript number in the upper right corner of the verso, and the maps are numbered individually to 98, although the Clark Library only holds 86 of the maps from this set. Interestingly, there are 14 maps within this atlas that do not match any known states in van der Krogt’s Koeman’s Atlantes Neerlandici.

 

Suffolciae Nova et Accurata Delineatio

Jansson, Jan. Suffolciae Nova Et Accurata Delineatio. [Amsterdam]: Joannes Janssonius, 1630.

The maps from the Appendix Atlas of 1636-1680 were reunited after a careful examination by the Clark staff, looking at the physical characteristics of the paper, including wormholes and staining. While these maps are stored individually now, it appears that these maps were bound together and stored vertically at the time when they were stained, most likely with mouse urine.

Orcadum et Schetlandiae Insularum Accuratissima Descriptio

Hondius, Hendrik, and Jan Jansson. Orcadum Et Schetlandiae Insularum Accuratissima Descriptio. Amsterdam: Henrici Hondij, 1630.

As the staining is found on the top most edge of the maps, this suggests that the maps were stored vertically when the staining occurred. Additionally, the adjacent wormholes suggest that the maps were stored together at one time, when a worm decided to eat its way through part of the paper. 

 

Lacus Lemani; Vicinorumq. Locorum Nova et Accurata Descriptio

Jansson, Jan, and Jodocus Hondius. Lacus Lemani Vicinorumque Locorum Nova Et Accurata Descriptio. [Amsterdam: Jan Jansson, 1630.]

Given the diminishing size of the wormhole across numerous maps, it is possible to see which maps were stored next to each other. However, there is also water damage and repairs that are present on only some of the included maps. 

Carte Géométrique des Environs de l'Estang de Longpendu, D'ont Leau Tombe dans l'Ocean et dans la Mediterranée, Comprenant Grand Part du Comté du Charlois

Jansson, Jan. Carte Geometrique Des Environs De L'estang De Longpendu: D'ont L'eau Tombe Dans L'ocean Et Dans La Mediterranee Comprenant Grand Part Du Comte Du Charolois. [Amsterdam: Jan Jansson, 1630.]

The fact that the water damage is found on a few of the included maps and that dissimilar repairs can be seen across several maps illustrates the fact that the maps were not stored together for the entirety of their lifetimes. Without further scientific testing, it is impossible to tell exactly in what order the staining and damages occurred.