Mr. Vignaud's Maps: Unraveling a Cartographic Mystery from the Golden Age of Dutch Cartography
Appendix Atlas of 1636-1680 (Ms1)
The largest collection of maps to come from this project is the Appendix Atlas of 1636-1680, or informally known as “Manuscript Style 1” or “Ms1,” which at one time contained approximately one hundred maps published by Johannes Janssonius between 1636 and 1680. As this compilation of maps does not match any other known atlases, the Clark Library created the title to identify this particular set.
As with the Composite Atlas of France, Ms1 is a composite atlas, likely assembled and bound at the behest of a patron, who requested a unique list of maps, perhaps of their own making, to be bound into an atlas. The atlas includes maps of Great Britain, Ireland, France, Spain, Switzerland, and Belgium.
Each of the maps included in this collection bears a manuscript number in the upper right corner of the verso, and the maps are numbered individually to 98, although the Clark Library only holds 86 of the maps from this set. Interestingly, there are 14 maps within this atlas that do not match any known states in van der Krogt’s Koeman’s Atlantes Neerlandici.
The maps from the Appendix Atlas of 1636-1680 were reunited after a careful examination by the Clark staff, looking at the physical characteristics of the paper, including wormholes and staining. While these maps are stored individually now, it appears that these maps were bound together and stored vertically at the time when they were stained, most likely with mouse urine.
As the staining is found on the top most edge of the maps, this suggests that the maps were stored vertically when the staining occurred. Additionally, the adjacent wormholes suggest that the maps were stored together at one time, when a worm decided to eat its way through part of the paper.
Given the diminishing size of the wormhole across numerous maps, it is possible to see which maps were stored next to each other. However, there is also water damage and repairs that are present on only some of the included maps.
The fact that the water damage is found on a few of the included maps and that dissimilar repairs can be seen across several maps illustrates the fact that the maps were not stored together for the entirety of their lifetimes. Without further scientific testing, it is impossible to tell exactly in what order the staining and damages occurred.