Michigan's Story: The History of Race at U-M
Albert Wheeler received a doctorate from the University of Michigan in 1944 and in 1953, became the first black tenured professor at the University of Michigan Medical School. "A persistent and vocal leader who raised community consciousness and fought for human rights, Wheeler pioneered in the field of higher education to grant full access and equal opportunities to all minorities," said President James J. Duderstadt. “He chartered the course that we are attempting to follow at the University with the Michigan Mandate. His struggle for equality within the University was often lonely and always difficult, but he endured and converted many to his point of view. His legacy to the University is that he almost single-handedly created an environment that made possible our gains in recent years."
Willis C. Patterson
Born in Ann Arbor, Professor Willis C. Patterson earned Bachelor of Music (1958) and Master of Music (1959) degrees from the U-M. In 1993, he received his Ph.D. from Wayne State University. In 1968, he became the first, and for a while only, African American member of the music faculty. Patterson compiled an “Anthology of Art Songs by African-American Composers.” He was the professional director of the Men’s Glee Club. In 1983, he received the Leonard F. Sain Award for "significant contribution to the development of black students."
Wade Ellis came to the University of Michigan in 1967 as associate dean of the Graduate School and professor of Mathematics. He fostered closer relations between the undergraduate and graduate degree programs at U-M. He also studied and consulted on graduate and undergraduate curriculum development and instruction around the world.
Harold Wright Cruse
Harold Wright Cruse published his famous book, The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual in 1967, right around the time of the Civil Rights Movement. He came to the University of Michigan to teach African American history in 1968. Cruse was instrumental in the founding of U-M's Center for Afro-American and African Studies (CAAS) in 1970 and served as its first director. He continued his work as a pioneer in the field of black studies and retired from the University in 1984.
Jon Onye Lockard
Jon Onye Lockard, an artist and adjunct senior lecturer, Department of Afroamerican and African Studies at the University of Michigan and emeritus professor of Art and Humanities at Washtenaw Community College was a founding faculty member of the University of Michigan's Department of Afroamerican and African Studies. He was also involved with the design of several minority cultural lounges throughout the Housing system.
Nellie Varner was the first African American to serve on the University of Michigan's Board of Regents (1980 to 1996). She was an associate professor of political science as well as dean of the Rackham School for Graduate Studies. Varner also served as the first director of the Office of Affirmative Action, which was founded in 1972.
In 1987, Charles Moody became the University's first vice provost for Minority Affairs. Moody came to the University of Michigan School of Education in 1970 as director of the federally funded Program for Educational Opportunity. He was a leader in multicultural education and founded the National Alliance of Black School Educators.