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Jo Labadie and His Gift to Michigan

A Legacy for the Masses

Judson Grenell (1847-1930)




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  Birth and Early Life
  Marriage and Family
  Intellectual Development
  John Stuart Mill (1806-1873)
  Herbert Spencer (1820-1903)
  Darwin and Evolution
  Socialism and Karl Marx
  Henry George (1839-1897) and the Single Tax Movement
  Knights of Labor
arrow Judson Grenell (1847-1930)
  Benjamin Ricketson Tucker (1854-1939)
  The Haymarket Affair

Later Relations to Labor Organizations

  Leon Czolgosz (1873-1901)

The Water Board Incident

  Bubbling Waters
  The Labadie Print Shop
  Later Years
  Agnes Inglis (1870-1952)
  Further Reading

Special Collections Library
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor

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For many years Jo Labadie's closest friend, the quiet, thoughtful Judson Grenell served not only as a foil for his colorful co-worker in early Michigan socialist and labor organizations, but also as a fervent expositor for the exchange of ideas. Together Labadie and Grenell edited several labor newspapers including The Detroit Socialist, The Detroit Times, and The Labor Review (also known as *** Three Stars). An ardent socialist, Grenell never embraced anarchism but finally espoused the "single tax" as the key to economic and social justice. Throughout his long career as a printer, journalist, editor, legislator, and civic activist, Grenell fought for many reform movements prominent during his life: wage and labor laws, electoral democracy, codification of economic statistics, creation of needed government agencies, cooperatives, settlement houses, and women's rights. Grenell's cast of mind foreshadows the Progressive Era. Despite the essential difference in their basic philosophies, Grenell and Labadie were companionable warriors in the battles for individual rights and social justice.



"All the industries of the country--all the industries of the world will soon be in a comparatively few hands... This is the march of capitalism."

Judson Grenell, The Sunday News (Detroit), July 20, 1890