Khalil H. Mancy
Emeritus Professor of Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health
Born in Egypt on November 4, 1928, Professor Mancy graduated with a BSc.with honors, in Chemistry from Cairo University in 1952. He started his career as a chemist at the Cairo Water Company (1952-1957). In 1957 he resigned this position and studied for the MSPH and PhD in Environmental Sciences & Engineering at the University Of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, N.C., and graduated in 1963. That where he met and married Patricia A. Worley, a nursing student from Hendersonville NC.
Professor Mancy taught briefly at the College of Engineering, University of Cincinnati (1962-64), conducted postdoctoral studies at the Division of Engineering & Applied Physics, Harvard University (1964). He joined the University Of Michigan in 1965, became a full professor in 1970, Chairman of the department and Director of the Institute of Environmental & Industrial Health, School of Public Health, The University of Michigan in 1991, and retired in 2000. He joined the NSF International as the Managing Director of the Middle East & Africa Region, (2000-2003). He continued to teach Environmental Health, as an adjunct faculty, at the Poltechnic Di Bari, Italy, (2000-2002) and the University of North Carolina - Asheville, North Carolina, (2005 – 2009).
Professor Mancy moved from Ann Arbor, MI to Hendersonville, NC. in 2009, where he devotes his time to writing, consulting and local community interfaith activities.
Dr. Mancy has over forty years of teaching and research, both nationally and internationally, including major projects dealing with environmental health management and pollution prevention. He is an expert in a variety of environmental fields, including water resources and water quality management, pollution control technology, marine pollution prevention, environmental exposure and health risk assessment, environmental quality monitoring, toxic chemicals and hazardous waste management, and instrumentation and automation techniques.
Professor Mancy introduced the first Environmental Chemistry teaching in the UM-Ann Arbor Campus, which stressed environmental protection and promotion of public health. This was interdisciplinary teaching, in collaboration with the Chemistry Department, College of Engineering and the School of Natural Resources. He supervised more than 60 MS & PhD. theses, and authored/coauthored 11 books and over 200 scientific articles, technical reports and training manuals.
His early studies resulted in the invention of a new oxygen sensor "The Galvanic Cell Oxygen Analyzer", and demonstrating, for the first time, its applications for in situ measurement in aquatic environments and water and wastewater treatment systems. Subsequent studies resulted in the development of Ozone and Chlorine Dioxide membrane electrodes, Biofilm Toxicity and Virus activity sensors. These technologies were applied in the environmental monitoring and the determination of micro pollutants. (Below Selected References : Measurement Systems).
Nationally, Dr. Mancy provided technical assistance to the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the National Aeronautic and Space Administration, the Tennessee Valley Authority, the National Institute of Standards & Technology, the National Academy of Science, the National Research Council Assembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, the National Research Council-Environmental Studies Board, NSF International, and several private sector and industrial corporations in the USA.
Internationally, Professor Mancy served as a consultant to various international organizations, including the United Nations Development Program, The United Nations Environment Program, The World Health Organization, and many foreign governments. (Below Partial listing: International Activities).
In the 1980's, Dr Mancy conducted a major study on the environmental impacts of the Aswan High Dam in Egypt and Sudan. (University of Michigan Research News Vol. XXXI, No.7, July 1980). In the 1990’s, these studies were expanded to include, for the first time in the region, Egyptian, Israeli and Palestinian universities and research institutions. These collaborative studies addressed the environmental protection of shared water resources, the socioeconomic impacts of wastewater management and reuse, and seafood safety. (Below International Activities: Selected Publications)
(Measurement Systems: Selected Publications)
Mancy, K.H. D.A. Okun, and C. N. Reilley, 1962. The Galvanic Cell Oxygen Analyzer. J. Electroanal. Chem. 4, 65-92
The Analysis of Dissolved Oxygen in Natural and Waste Waters. K.H. Mancy and T. Jaffee. 1966, Water Supply and Pollution Control, Environmental Health Series, U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, publication #999-WP-37.
Mancy, K.H. and M. Nolan. 1967. The analytical chemistry of natural and waste waters. J. Environ. Sci. and Tech. 1:305.
Pohland, F.G. and K.H. Mancy. 1969. Use of pH and pE measurements during methane biosynthesis. Biotech. and Bioengr. 11:683-699.
Schmid, M. and K.H. Mancy. 1969. Die electrochemische bestimmung des wasser gelosten sauerstoffs in anwesenheit von schwefelwasserstoff. Chimia 23:398-399, Switzerland.
Allen H.E., W.R. Matson, and K.H. Mancy. 1970. Trace metal characterization in aquatic environments by anodic stripping voltammetry. J. Water Poll. Contr. Fed. 42:573-581.
Schmid, M. and K.H. Mancy. 1970. Veshmung des gelosten sauerstoffs mittels voltametrischen membranmethoden. Schweizerische Ziet. fur Hydrol. 32:328-339.
McClelland, N.I. and K.H. Mancy. 1972. Water quality monitoring in distribution systems. J. Amer. Water Works Assoc. 64:795.
Mancy, K.H. 1973. Trace metal characterization by anodic stripping Voltammetry. Progress in Water Technology, Vol. 3, pp. 63-72 (Pergamon Press, New York).
Ernst, R., H.E. Allen, and K.H. Mancy. 1975. Characterization of trace metal species and measurement of trace metal stability constants by electrochemical techniques. Water Res. 9:969-979.
Herbes, S.E., H.E. Allen, and K.H. Mancy. 1975. Enzymatic characterization of soluble organic phosphorous in lake water. Science 187:432-434.
O'Shea, T.A. and K.H. Mancy. 1976. Characterization of trace metal-organic interactions by anodic stripping voltammetry. Anal Chem. 48:1603-1607.
Lowry, J.H., R.B. Smart, and K.H. Mancy. 1978. Differential pulse polarography of phenylarsine oxide. Anal. Chem. 50:1303-1309.
Lowry, J.H. and K.H. Mancy. 1978. A rapid automated system for the analysis of dissolved total organic nitrogen in aqueous solutions. Water Res. 12:471-475.
O'Shea, T.A. and K.H. Mancy. 1978. The effect of pH and hardness metal ions on the competitive interaction between trace metal ions and inorganic and organic complexing agents found in natural waters. Water Res. 12:703-711.
Smart, R.B., J.H. Lowry, and K.H. Mancy. 1979. Analysis for ozone and residual chlorine by differential pulse polarography of phenylarsine oxide. Environ. Sci. and Tech. 13:89-92.
Smart, R.B., R. Dormond-Herrera, and K.H. Mancy. 1979. In situ voltammetric membrane ozone electrode. Anal. Chem. 51:2315.
Dormond-Herrera, R. and K.H. Mancy. 1980. Voltammetric membrane chlorine dioxide electrode. Anal. Letters, 13(A7):561.
Wise, K.H., R.B. Smart, and K.H. Mancy. 1980. A transient current monitoring and electrode characterization system for pulsed oxygen electrode. Anal. Chem. Acta. 116:297.
Mancy, K.H. 1984. "Development and Application of Biosensors in Pollution Control Programs", Proceedings of International Symposium on Electrochemical Sensors, University of Rome Press (Italy), pages 32-41.
Goldblum, D.K., S.E. Holodnick, K.H. Mancy and D.E. Briggs. 1990. Oxygen Transport in Biofilm Electrodes for Screening of Toxic Chemicals. Amer. Inst. of Chem. Engr Jour. 36:19-28.
Haubenstricker, M., S.E. Holodnick, K.H. Mancy and M.J. Brabec. 1990. Rapid Toxicity Testing Based on Mitochondrial Respiratory Activity. Bull. Env. Cont. & Tox. 44:675-680.
Haubenstricker, M., P.G. Meier, K.H. Mancy and M.J.Brabec. 1990. Rapid Toxicity Testing Based on Yeast Respiratory Activity. Bull.Env. Cont. & Tox. 44:669-674.
Goldblum, D.K., S.E. Holodnick and K.H. Mancy. 1991. Oxygen Membrane Electrode Used as a Toxicity Biosensor. Env. Progress. 10(1):24-29.
Holodnick, S.E, D.K. Goldblum, H.E. Maasab, and K.H. Mancy. 1992. Detect Virus Activity with a Biofilm Sensor. CHEMTECH, 22, 738- 741.
(International Activities: Partial Listing)
NSF International (1999 – 2003): Managing Director Regional Office for the Middle East and Africa.
Israel, Palestine (1994 – 1999): Environmental Protection of the Shared Mountain Aquifer Shared by Israeli and Palestinians, (USAID)
Egypt (1975 – 1993): a-(1993 – 1997): Seafood Safety & Health Risk Management, sponsored by the US Agency for InternationalDevelopment (USAID) and the World Bank, b-(1985 -1995): Wastewater Reuse Applications in Aquaculture and Irrigation, sponsored by the USAID,. c-(1984 – 1997): Environmental Health Assessment of Water Supplies and Sanitation Services., sponsored by USAID, d-(1975 – 1983): Environmental Impacts of the Aswan High Dam and Nile Water Quality in Egypt & Sudan, sponsored by the Ford Foundation, the Smithsonian Institution, and USAID).
Kuwait (1985 & 1986): Assessment of Oil Pollution in the Arabian Gulf, sponsored by Kuwait Institute of Scientific Research.
Abu Dhabi (1985 & 1986): The Assessment of the Impacts of Oil Pollution in the Arabian Gulf on Drinkin Water Quality and Generation of Electricity, sponsored by Abu Dhabi Water Authority.
Morocco (1083 & 1984): Review and advise the National Organization of Drinking Water, sponsored by the World Health Organization.
Sudan (1982): Environmental Impacts of Upper Nile Projects, Institute of Environmental Studies, The University of Khartoum, sponsored by the Ford Foundation.
Paraguay & Brazil (1982): Environmental Impacts of ITAIPU Dam, sponsored by the ITAIPU Binacional
Turkey (1978): Drinking Water in Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir, sponsored by WHO.
Venezuela (1975, 1976 &1977): Water Quality Studies in Caracas and Lake Maracaibo, sponsored by Ministry of Public Health, Venezuela.
Greece (1976): marine Pollution Studies in the Coastal Zone of Athens and Bay of Salonika, sponsored WHO.
Mexico (1975): Water Quality Monitoring , a Short Course in Mexico City, sponsored by Pan American Health Organization (PAHO).
Brazil (1975): Water Quality Short Course, San Paulo,, sponsored by National Water Management Institute.
Spain (1975): Water pollution Control in Rivers and Northern Coast of Spain, Viscaya, sponsored by WHO.
Poland (1974): Technical support for the Water Research Center, Katowice, sponsored by WHO.
Hungary (1973) Water Quality Monitoring, Danube and tributaries, sponsored by WHO.
Monaco (1972) Metal Pollutants in Mediterranean Sediments, Oceanographic Museum of Monaco, sponsored by IAEA.
Austria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Romania (1969, 1970, 1972): Strengthening Research Centers in Vienna, Prague, Bratislava and Bucharest, and Water Quality Monitoring of the Danube River, sponsored by WHO.
Poland (1968 & 1970): Strengthening Water Research Centers, sponsored by WHO.
(International Activities: Selected Publications)
Miller, F.D., M. Hussein, and K.H. Mancy. 1978. Aspects of environmental health impacts of the Aswan High Dam of rural populations in Egypt. Progress Water Technology, Pergamon Press, 11:173.
Guariso, G., D. Whittington, B.S. Zikri, and K.H. Mancy. 1981. "Nile Water for Sinai", Water Resources Research 17, pp. 1585-1593.
Han, I.J. and K.H. Mancy. 1983. A Study on Cadmium Uptake of Rice Plants, Applying Complexing Agents in Soil. Jour. Kong Ju Chemical Society, Kong Press. 21:55-68.
Mancy, Khalil H. 1986. The Control of Pollution from River Discharges in the Mediterranean. Water Sci. Tech. 229-242.
Guariso, G., D. Whittington, B.S. Zikri and K.H. Mancy. 1986. "Nile Water for Sinai: Framework for Analysis" In: La Scienza E L'ingecneria Dei Sistemi Nella Gestoione Delle Aeque, Academia Nazionale Dei Lincei, Roma, Italy, Volume 77, pp 295-324.
Mancy, Khalil H. 1993. A New Perspective on Rural Water Supply and Sanitation. Water Sci. Tech. 27(9): 1-5.
Mancy, K. H. 1993 “ Gulf of Aqaba Ecological Overview and Call for Action”, In Protecting the Gulf of Aqaba: Regional Environmental Challenge”, Environmental Law Institute Publication, Washington, DC. Chapter 1, 19-24
Shereif, M.M., M. El-S. Easa, M.I. El-Samra and K. H. Mancy, 1996. "A Demonstration of Waste Water Treatment for Reuse Applications In Fish Production and Irrigation in Suez, Egypt", Water Sci. and Technol., 32, 137-144.
Easa, M. El-S, M.M. Shereif, A.I. Shaaban and K. H. Mancy, 1996. "Public Health Implications of Waste Water Reuse for Fish Production", Water Sci. and Technol., 32, 145-153.
Mancy, K. ., Fattal, B. and Kelada, S. 2000 . “Cultural Implications of Wastewater Reuse in Fish Farming in the Middle East”, Water Sci and Technology, 42, 235-239, 2000.
Lattemann, S., Mancy, K.H., Damitz, B, Khordagui, H. and Leslie, G. 2010 “Environmental Impacts Assessments of Desalination Projects”, chapter in “Desalination Technology: Health &Environmental Contacts” CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fl.
I arrived in Ann Arbor, with my wife Patricia and our three children: Mona, Joseph, and David, in August 1965. The years of living in Ann Arbor and working for the University of Michigan had a most profound impact on us. This started with my participation in the environmental awakening movements of the 1960's that engulfed the campus. I found great satisfaction in the interaction and the collaboration with faculty and students from different schools in the development of environmental health teaching and research programs and their application nationally and internationally.
My home in Ann Arbor was close to the Stadium, and with my family, I witnessed the excitement of the football weekends. Cultural events at the Hill Auditorium, presentations by distinguished scholars from all over the world, and the different museums on campus, they all enriched my life and that of all members of my family. For years after leaving Ann Arbor I do still miss Zingerman's bread, the Art Fair, and the occasional trips to eat Middle Eastern food in Dearborn, MI.
I would like to express my deep appreciation and gratitude to the University of Michigan for giving me the freedom of developing my teaching and research programs and to extend this to different regions of the world. Furthermore, I am deeply indebted to my students and colleagues for inspiring me and for their enthusiastic support.
U of M Libraries