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Horace W. Davenport
Regents' Proceedings 735

Horace W. Davenport, William Beaumount Distinguished Professor of H. W. Davenport Physiology, will retire from active faculty status as of June 30, 1983, after an extremely productive career as an educator, researcher, and administrator.

A native of California, Professor Davenport did his undergraduate studies at the California Institute of Technology before entering Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar. After obtaining a B.Sc. there in Animal Physiology, he returned to the California Institute of Technology where he received his Ph.D. in Biochemistry in 1939. After fellowships at the University of Rochester and Yale University, and two years as instructor in physiology, first at the University of Pennsylvania and then at Harvard University, he was appointed in 1945 professor and head of the Department of Physiology, University of Utah College of Medicine. In 1948-51 he also served as chairman of the Division of Biological Sciences.

In 1956, Professor Davenport came to The University of Michigan as professor and chairman of the Department of Physiology, positions held until 1978 when he became the William Beaumont Professor of Physiology.

Professor Davenport has received many honors and awards in addition to his Rhodes Scholarship. These include the Alumni Distinguished Service Award from the California Institute of Technology, the Friedenwald Medal of the American Gastroenterological Association, and appointment to the National Academy of Sciences. His colleagues in the American Physiological Society elected him to council in 1951-57 and 1959-63 and president in 1961-62.

Professor Davenport has published more than 90 papers in scientific journals. His studies to the stomach's barrier to injury were landmark works, so often used by other scientists that two of the papers have earned the status of "citation classics". He has also achieved an international reputation in another scholarly domain-the history of physiology and medicine, and is presently completing a book covering The University of Michigan Medical School from 1841-1941.

Professor Davenport has also had a profound influence on the teaching of physiology worldwide through three textbooks on acid-base chemistry and the physiology of the digestive tract. One of these books, now in its sixth edition, has been translated into seven languages, and another into five.

It was his enormous and imaginative efforts as chairman which completely rebuilt the University's Department of Physiology and made it one of the outstanding research and teaching departments in its field, as judged on several occasions by national review groups. His zeal for both teaching and research inspired a feeling of mission among his faculty members.

The Regents now salute this distinguished educator, researcher, and administrator for his dedicated service by naming him William Beaumont Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Physiology.