History (General)

Hamparzoum Arzoumanian Papers, 1896-1910

Description

The close to 500 documents in the Hamparzoum Arzoumanian Archives in the Special Collections Library of the University of Michigan span the years between 1896 and 1910. These documents vary from 1 to 14 pages in length, and are very diverse in character. They include family documents such as travel documents, birth, marriage, naturalization and death certificates, in memoriam notices, photographs, postcards, personal correspondence and correspondence with members of the Hunchakian Party, and circulars and communiques of the party, newspapers and newspaper clippings, and other printed matter.

Type
Text Collection
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30892
Access
Open access for all usersOpen access for all users
Subjects

Chinese Periodical Full-text Database (1911-1949)

Alternative Titles
民国时期中文期刊全文资料库
Description

This fully-searchable database covers approximately 10,000,000 articles in over 25,000 titles of periodicals published between 1911 and 1949 in China.  Language: Chinese.

Type
Database
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30872
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

Michigan Law School History Collection

Description

The Michigan Law School History Collection is comprised of resources relating to the history of the University of Michigan Law School. Included in the collection are the following materials held by the University of Michigan Law Library and/or the Bentley Historical Library: Alumni Directories (published in 1908, 1914, 1974, and 1976), Class Directories and Reunion pamphlets (various classes 1873-1933), some Law School Yearbooks.

Type
Text Collection
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30870
Access
Open access for all usersOpen access for all users
Subjects

History Vault Immigration

Description

A large collection of primary source documents including case files, investigative reports by agents, documents by groups advocating or opposing immigration laws and practices, and correspondence.

Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, Series A: Subject Correspondence Files, Part 1: Asian Immigration and Exclusion, 1906-1913

Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, Series A: Subject Correspondence Files, Part 1: Supplement: Asian Immigration and Exclusion, 1898-1941

Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, Series A: Subject Correspondence Files, Part 2: Mexican Immigration, 1906-1930

Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, Series A: Subject Correspondence Files, Part 3: Ellis Island, 1900-1933

Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, Series A: Subject Correspondence Files, Part 4: European Investigations, 1898-1936
 
Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, Series A: Subject Correspondence Files, Part 5: Prostitution and White Slavery, 1902-1933
 
Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, Series A: Subject Correspondence Files, Part 6: Suppression of Aliens, 1906-1930
 
Voices from Ellis Island: An Oral History of American Immigration
 
 
Type
Text Collection
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30747
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

Chinese Newspapers Collection, 1832-1953

Alternative Titles
ProQuest Historical Newspapers: Chinese Newspapers Collection, PQHN, CNC, Historical Chinese Newspapers
Description

Searchable access to the backfiles of 12 English language newspapers, published in China during the period from 1832-1953. Each newspaper is reproduced with full page images, digitized from microfilm. The titles in this collection are listed below and may be searched in combination with the other ProQuest Historical Newspaper titles. These titles may also be searched as part of the ProQuest News & Current Events collection, which brings together current and historical newspaper content.

  • North China Herald (1850-1941)
  • Canton Times (1919-1920)
  • China Critic (1939-1946)
  • The China Press (1925-1938)
  • China Weekly Review (1917-1953)
  • Chinese Recorder (1868-1940)
  • Chinese Repository (1832-1851)
  • Peking Daily News (1914-1917)
  • Peking Gazette (1915-1917)
  • Peking Leader (1918-1919
  • Shanghai Gazette (1919-1921)
  • Shanghai Times (1914-1921)
Type
Article Index
Database
Newspaper(s)
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30728
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

The Savings and Loan Crisis: Loss of Public Trust and the Federal Bailout, 1989-1993

Alternative Titles
Archives Unbound
Description
Date Range: 1989-1993 (there is a small amount of material from 1981-1988)
Content: 11,657 images
George H.W. Bush Presidential Library

Detailed Description

The savings and loan crisis of the 1980s and 1990s included the failure of 747 savings and loans (also known as thrifts). The ultimate cost of the crisis has been estimated to have totaled around $160.1 billion, about $124.6 billion of which was directly paid for by the federal government via a financial bailout under the leadership of President George H.W. Bush—that is, the American taxpayer provided the funding for the bailout, either directly or through charges on their savings and loan accounts and increased taxes—which contributed to the large budget deficits of the early 1990s.

The deregulation of savings and loans (S&Ls) gave them many of the capabilities of banks, without the same regulations as banks. S&Ls could choose to be under either a state or a federal charter. Immediately after deregulation of the federally-chartered thrifts, state-chartered thrifts rushed to become federally chartered, because of the advantages associated with a federal charter. In response, states such as California and Texas changed their regulations so to be similar to federal regulations. More important, however, was the hazard of insuring already troubled institutions with public dollars. In the view of a savings and loan president or manager, the trend line was fatal over the long haul, thus to get liquid, the institution had to take on riskier assets, particularly land. When the real estate market crashed, the savings and loans went with it.

In an effort to take advantage of the real estate boom and high interest rates of the late 1970s and early 1980s, many S&Ls lent far more money than was prudent, and to risky ventures which many S&Ls were not qualified to assess, especially regarding commercial real estate. L. William Seidman, former chairman of both the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and the Resolution Trust Corporation, stated, "The banking problems of the ’80s and ’90s came primarily, but not exclusively, from unsound real estate lending."

This publication provides a unique perspective on the unfolding S&L crisis and the federal government’s response. There are materials on the various causes, including deregulation, congressional attempts to "band aid" the "festering" S&L problem, and federal efforts to prop-up failing S&Ls, implementation of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989, federal seizure and liquidation of insolvent thrifts, prosecution of S&L management for fraudulent lending practices, and congressional support for a bailout.

This publication encompasses the recently declassified/released records from two manuscript collections: the Savings and Loan Crisis and Savings and Loan Crisis: Richard Breeden Records. These documents are not available in any other online or microfilm product.

The Savings and Loan Crisis collection consists of correspondence, memoranda, studies, analyses, testimony, talking points and news clippings from the White House and various staff offices and agencies. A sampling of the various records includes—

• White House Office of Records Management Subject Files on Legislative Leadership Meetings

• White Office of Cabinet Affairs files on S&L deregulation; HR535; Schumer Amendments; "Toward a Safer America—Attacking Savings and Loan Institution Fraud"; and the S&L Strategy Group.

• White House Counsels Office files: banking and Savings and Loans; Lincoln Savings & Loan and the Keating 5; Executive Privilege and Will Ball; Savings and Loan Crime Bill.

• White House Office of Legislative Affairs files on the U.S. Chamber of Commerce Meeting - Economic Policy Committee and Task Force on the Thrift Industry; Office of Thrift Supervision Directory; Bipartisan efforts on Savings and Loan crisis.

• White House Office of Policy Development files on S&L failures and the James Pinkerton Files on the Savings and Loan Ceremony.

• White House Office of Public Liaison files of Leigh Ann Metzger and the Public Liaison Files on the Savings and Loan Bailout.

• Bush Vice Presidential Records: White House Staff and Office Files on Task Force on Regulatory Relief; Thrift Portfolio Test, Powers, and Regulation; and the National Savings and Loan League.

• Office of Consumer Affairs: federal records on Savings & Loan Rescue; the Thrift Bill, 1989; and the Office of Thrift Supervision.

The second collection, Savings and Loan Crisis: Richard Breeden Records, contains congressional, lender, and constituent correspondence together with White House and Administration memoranda concerning the Thrift Restructuring Bill, QTL (qualified thrift lender test), background on banking problems, Congressional testimony, and credit union and thrift industry views on S&L restructuring. Subject File FG134 (Federal Home Loan Bank Board) contains information of resignations and appointments to the federal Home Loan Bank Board, Freddie Mac Board, and Housing Finance Board, proposed S&L bailout plans, Congressional testimony concerning S&L’s, and Congressional correspondence concerning appointments and oversight of various financial boards.

Publisher’s Note: This collection comprises the FOIA Requests 1999-0550-F and 1998-0356-F, filed by the George H.W. Bush Library. All available documents, including those subsequently-opened and interfiled at the time of scanning, have been included. There are a very small number of individual documents that remain classified or unprocessed. "Document Withdrawal/Redaction Sheets" have been included in this collection. These withdrawal/redaction sheets itemize documents that have been withdrawn due to either national security or privacy restrictions, by the staff of the George H.W. Bush Presidential Library.

 

Type
E-Book(s)
Text Collection
Coverage
1989-1993
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30690
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

Narcotic Addiction and Mental Health: The Clinical Papers of Lawrence Kolb Sr.

Alternative Titles
Archives Unbound
Description
Date Range: 1912-1972
Content: 16,954 images
History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine

Detailed Description

Dr. Lawrence Kolb was a pioneer in the medical approach to narcotics addiction treatment and in public health research and treatment of mental illness. He was born in Galesville, Md., February 20, 1881, and graduated from the University of Maryland medical school in 1908. The next year he was commissioned an Assistant Surgeon in the Public Health Service. From 1913 to 1919, he was stationed at the Ellis Island, New York Immigration Station specializing in the mental disease and illness of incoming aliens. During this same period, he also developed a program for the study and treatment of post-World War I patients suffering from war-caused neuroses. In 1923, Dr. Kolb came to Washington, D.C. and spent five years studying drug addiction and its relationship to crime. He was one of the first to advocate treating drug addicts as patients, not criminals. By 1934, Dr. Kolb was an international expert in the study of psychiatry and narcotics, and was appointed head of the Public Health Service Hospital in Lexington, Kentucky to lead the U.S. government’s first experimental unit for treating drug addicts. His final duty station was as Chief of the Public Health Service Mental Hygiene Division from 1938-1944. He was promoted to Assistant Surgeon General in 1942. His work there, along with that of Dr. Thomas Parran, led to the creation of the National Institute for Mental Health in 1946.

This collection consists of correspondence, reports, documents clippings, reprints and photos; and include these correspondents: Clifford W. Beers, Rupert Blue, F. A. Carmelia, Hugh S. Cumming, Robert H. Felix, Richmond P. Hobson, Adolph Meyer, W. F. Ossenfort, Thomas Parran, C. C. Pierce, Carleton Simon, Walter L. Treadway, and Lloyd H. Ziegler.

The National Library of Medicine has compiled a finding aid for this collection. It can be found at NLM

Publishers Note: The Clinical Papers of Lawrence Kolb Sr. provide a wealth of information about the workings of the public service procedures employed to scrutinize immigrants applying to enter the United States, the development of a medical approach to the problems of addiction, and the kind of research undertaken by Kolb and his contemporaries. We have made every effort to provide users of the digital collection with the most complete collection possible while being extremely attentive to issues of privacy and copyright. Items that remain available at the National Library of Medicine but that have been de-selected or redacted in the digital publication to ensure anonymity, include personal financial information, personnel files, evaluations of staff and medical personnel for the public health service, names associated with the results of mental tests performed on potential immigrants, and from addicts seeking Dr. Kolb’s assistance. Out of concern for copyright, journals found in the research files of Dr. Kolb that were published after 1930 have been deselected. Title pages have been retained to provide a bibliographic reference for users. Newspaper clippings were also reviewed in order to respect copyright.

 

Type
E-Book(s)
Text Collection
Coverage
1912-1972
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30688
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

Trench Journals and Unit Magazines of the First World War

Description

This collection includes 1500 unit magazines and journals that were written and illustrated by soldiers, medical workers, prisoners of war, and members of civilian and charitable organizations during the First World War. The collection features cover-to-cover scans in full color or gray scale, with granular indexing at the article level.

Produced, mostly unofficially, by every type of unit engaged in the war, the publications were principally distributed only to the members of the unit. The magazines were written and illustrated by the soldiers serving in a huge variety of units of all combatant nations including the United States, Britain, Canada, France, Australia, and New Zealand. Although the majority of journals that have survived originate from units based on the Western Front in France, there are also magazines from units serving on the Eastern Front, in Gallipoli, Palestine, Egypt, Italy, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, India, Britain and America.

These unique journals provide an essential counterpoint to the official histories of the First World War. Indeed, the unit magazines constitute a library of lost voices from the early 20th century, touching all aspects of life and culture in the pre-1919 period. Issues contain poems, sketches, short stories, jokes, plays and articles that were often contributed anonymously. The collection is applicable for research and teaching across several disciplines, including:

  • History
  • Literature
  • War Studies/Military History
  • Cultural and Gender Studies

Coverage includes:

  • Infantry: Regimental magazines from British, American, Dominion, French and German units training at home and based abroad including The Dead Horse Corner Gazette, The Howling Howitzer and The Kit-Bag.
  • Medical: Magazines from hospitals and hospital ships based in the UK, France, America and the Dominions written by doctors, nurses and patients, such as The Iodine Chronicle and Happy Though Wounded—including poems, stories and sketches by nurses and women ambulance drivers of all the combatant nations.
  • Prisoners of War: Internment camp magazines written by Allied troops in Germany and by German troops in Britain and France, including Prisoner's Pie and Knockaloe Lager-Zeitung.
  • Associated Civilian Organizations: Magazines from charitable organizations such as the Y.M.C.A. and the Church Army and independent civilian organizations such as the Soldiers’ Wives and Mothers' League.
Type
Text Collection
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30603
More Information
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

Daily Mail Historical Archive (1896-2004)

Description

This online edition of The Daily Mail (1896-2004), a British tabloid newspaper, is fully searchable and browsable.

As well as the regular edition of the newspaper, the Daily Mail Historical Archive also includes the Daily Mail Atlantic Edition, which was published on board the transatlantic liners that sailed between New York and Southampton between 1923 and 1931.

Type
Newspaper(s)
Coverage
1896-2004
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30040
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

Chatham House online archive

Description

"Chatham House Online Archive contains the publications and archives of the Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House), the world-leading independent international affairs policy institute founded in 1920 following the Paris Peace Conference.

The Institute's analysis and research, as well as debates and speeches it has hosted, can be found in this online archive, subject-indexed and fully searchable."--From the website.

 

Type
Text Collection
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30038
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

Pages

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