Economics

Federal Reserve Archival System for Economic Research

Alternative Titles
FRASER, Federal Reserve Bank
Description

FRASER is both a digital library of economic history and a repository of the institutional history of the Federal Reserve System. FRASER preserves and provides access to economic and banking data and policy documents. 

Technical Information 

Documents digitized for FRASER have been processed by optical character recognition (OCR) software to provide machine-readable text and to assist in full-text searching.

Some born-digital publications have been downloaded from their original institutions or secondary sources, including the websites of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the Government Printing Office (GPO). These files may have different security or content attributes than materials produced for FRASER.

Type
Database
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/42382
Access
Open access for all usersOpen access for all users
Subjects
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FRED Economic Data

Alternative Titles
FRED, Economic Research, Federal Reserve Bank
Description

FRED Economic data provides comprehensive economic data, including banking & finance, population, employment, labor market, national accounts, production & business activity, prices, international data, U.S. regional data, and academic data. This database is governed by the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Loius. 

Type
Database
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/42380
Access
Open access for all usersOpen access for all users
Subjects
Questions about this resource? Contact Ask a Librarian

Guide to U.S. Environmental Policy

Alternative Titles
United States environmental policy
CQ Press guide to U.S. environmental policy
Description

Guide to U.S. Environmental Policy provides the analytical connections showing readers how issues and actions are translated into public policies and persistent institutions for resolving or managing environmental conflict in the U.S. The guide highlights a complex decision-making cycle that requires the cooperation of government, business, and an informed citizenry to achieve a comprehensive approach to environmental protection. The book's topical, operational, and relational essays address development of U.S. environmental policies, the federal agencies and public and private organizations that frame and administer environmental policies, and the challenges of balancing conservation and preservation against economic development, the ongoing debates related to turning environmental concerns into environmental management, and the role of the U.S. in international organizations that facilitate global environmental governance. Ed. by Sally K. Fairfax and Edmund Russell.

Type
Encyclopedia
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/41995
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects
Questions about this resource? Contact Ask a Librarian

Encyclopedia of Transportation: Social Science and Policy

Description

Viewing transportation through the lens of current social, economic, and policy aspects, this four-volume reference work explores the topic of transportation across multiple disciplines within the social sciences and related areas, including geography, public policy, business, and economics. The book's articles seek to answer such questions as: What has been the legacy, not just economically but politically and socially as well, of President Eisenhower's modern interstate highway system in America? With that system and the infrastructure that supports it now in a state of decline and decay, what's the best path for the future at a time of enormous fiscal constraints? Should California politicians plunge ahead with plans for a high-speed rail that every expert says—despite the allure—will go largely unused and will never pay back the massive investment while at this very moment potholes go unfilled all across the state? What path is best for emerging countries to keep pace with dramatic economic growth for their part? What are the social and financial costs of gridlock in our cities?

Features: Approximately 675 signed articles are arranged in A-to-Z fashion and conclude with Further Readings and cross references.  A Chronology helps put individual events into historical context.  A Reader's Guide organizes entries by broad topical or thematic areas; a detailed index helps users quickly locate entries of most immediate interest; and a Resource Guide provides a list of journals, books, and associations and their websites.; While articles were written to avoid jargon as much as possible, a Glossary provides quick definitions of technical terms.  Encyclopedia of Transportation covers issues that surround transportation in the United States and around the world. Key Themes: Administration, Operations, and Evaluation; Air Transportation Systems; Economics of Transportation; Energy, Environmental, and; Health Impacts; Facilities and Infrastructure; Intermodal Transportation Systems; International Transportation and Policy; Labor Issues/Employee Relations; Planning and Policy; Safety and Security; Social Issues in Transportation; Surface Transportation Systems; Technology, Design, and Engineering; Transportation, Finance of; Transportation Legislation; Transportation Modeling; Transportation Organizations and Agencies; Travel Behavior and Research; Water Transportation Systems.

Type
Encyclopedia
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/40687
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects
Questions about this resource? Contact Ask a Librarian

Emerging trends in the social and behavioral sciences : an interdisciplinary, searchable, and linkable resource

Description

"Each essay in this collection of over 400 is drawn from the core social and behavioral sciences disciplines of anthropology, economics, political science, psychology and sociology and contains a summary of what is presently known about the topic and identifies promising areas for future research. Hyperlinks accompany each essay, which direct readers to other relevant essays inEmerging Trends; these essays present different aspects and points of view on the topic and often rely on different levels of analysis. The result is a unique tool for learning about developments in our fields, an intelligent, interdisciplinary, multi-dimensional, user-friendly, "smart" system of cross-referencing applied to important topics of study.

Emerging Trends will promote interdisciplinary and multi-layered awareness on key topics by directing readers’ attention to aspects of topics that readers will likely never have heard of or thought about (much less know how to find). To do this, dense layers of hyperlinks have been created, connecting each essay with others that focus on other facets of the topic, often written by authorities from different fields of study and disciplines. Readers are strongly urged to explore these hyperlinks in order to expand their own thinking about topics that interest them." from Book Home page

This resource includes 15 chapters authored by U-M researchers.

Type
E-Book(s)
Handbook
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/39876
More Information
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects
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Economist Intelligence Unit Country Reports 1952 – 1995

Alternative Titles
EIU Country Reports Archive
Description

The Economist Intelligence Unit has published Country Reports since 1952, covering almost 200 countries. Each report presents detailed statistics alongside expert commentary and forecasting from the EIU’s analysts. This database presents the historical reports up to 1995, with all data from the statistical tables fully captured and downloadable in spreadsheet form. This is a unique archive of analysis and explanation of political, economic and commercial developments, together with historcal statistical data

Type
Numeric Data
Statistics
Coverage
1952-1995
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/38855
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects
Questions about this resource? Contact Ask a Librarian

The Savings and Loan Crisis: Loss of Public Trust and the Federal Bailout, 1989-1993

Alternative Titles
Archives Unbound
Description
Date Range: 1989-1993 (there is a small amount of material from 1981-1988)
Content: 11,657 images
George H.W. Bush Presidential Library

Detailed Description

The savings and loan crisis of the 1980s and 1990s included the failure of 747 savings and loans (also known as thrifts). The ultimate cost of the crisis has been estimated to have totaled around $160.1 billion, about $124.6 billion of which was directly paid for by the federal government via a financial bailout under the leadership of President George H.W. Bush—that is, the American taxpayer provided the funding for the bailout, either directly or through charges on their savings and loan accounts and increased taxes—which contributed to the large budget deficits of the early 1990s.

The deregulation of savings and loans (S&Ls) gave them many of the capabilities of banks, without the same regulations as banks. S&Ls could choose to be under either a state or a federal charter. Immediately after deregulation of the federally-chartered thrifts, state-chartered thrifts rushed to become federally chartered, because of the advantages associated with a federal charter. In response, states such as California and Texas changed their regulations so to be similar to federal regulations. More important, however, was the hazard of insuring already troubled institutions with public dollars. In the view of a savings and loan president or manager, the trend line was fatal over the long haul, thus to get liquid, the institution had to take on riskier assets, particularly land. When the real estate market crashed, the savings and loans went with it.

In an effort to take advantage of the real estate boom and high interest rates of the late 1970s and early 1980s, many S&Ls lent far more money than was prudent, and to risky ventures which many S&Ls were not qualified to assess, especially regarding commercial real estate. L. William Seidman, former chairman of both the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and the Resolution Trust Corporation, stated, "The banking problems of the ’80s and ’90s came primarily, but not exclusively, from unsound real estate lending."

This publication provides a unique perspective on the unfolding S&L crisis and the federal government’s response. There are materials on the various causes, including deregulation, congressional attempts to "band aid" the "festering" S&L problem, and federal efforts to prop-up failing S&Ls, implementation of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989, federal seizure and liquidation of insolvent thrifts, prosecution of S&L management for fraudulent lending practices, and congressional support for a bailout.

This publication encompasses the recently declassified/released records from two manuscript collections: the Savings and Loan Crisis and Savings and Loan Crisis: Richard Breeden Records. These documents are not available in any other online or microfilm product.

The Savings and Loan Crisis collection consists of correspondence, memoranda, studies, analyses, testimony, talking points and news clippings from the White House and various staff offices and agencies. A sampling of the various records includes—

• White House Office of Records Management Subject Files on Legislative Leadership Meetings

• White Office of Cabinet Affairs files on S&L deregulation; HR535; Schumer Amendments; "Toward a Safer America—Attacking Savings and Loan Institution Fraud"; and the S&L Strategy Group.

• White House Counsels Office files: banking and Savings and Loans; Lincoln Savings & Loan and the Keating 5; Executive Privilege and Will Ball; Savings and Loan Crime Bill.

• White House Office of Legislative Affairs files on the U.S. Chamber of Commerce Meeting - Economic Policy Committee and Task Force on the Thrift Industry; Office of Thrift Supervision Directory; Bipartisan efforts on Savings and Loan crisis.

• White House Office of Policy Development files on S&L failures and the James Pinkerton Files on the Savings and Loan Ceremony.

• White House Office of Public Liaison files of Leigh Ann Metzger and the Public Liaison Files on the Savings and Loan Bailout.

• Bush Vice Presidential Records: White House Staff and Office Files on Task Force on Regulatory Relief; Thrift Portfolio Test, Powers, and Regulation; and the National Savings and Loan League.

• Office of Consumer Affairs: federal records on Savings & Loan Rescue; the Thrift Bill, 1989; and the Office of Thrift Supervision.

The second collection, Savings and Loan Crisis: Richard Breeden Records, contains congressional, lender, and constituent correspondence together with White House and Administration memoranda concerning the Thrift Restructuring Bill, QTL (qualified thrift lender test), background on banking problems, Congressional testimony, and credit union and thrift industry views on S&L restructuring. Subject File FG134 (Federal Home Loan Bank Board) contains information of resignations and appointments to the federal Home Loan Bank Board, Freddie Mac Board, and Housing Finance Board, proposed S&L bailout plans, Congressional testimony concerning S&L’s, and Congressional correspondence concerning appointments and oversight of various financial boards.

Publisher’s Note: This collection comprises the FOIA Requests 1999-0550-F and 1998-0356-F, filed by the George H.W. Bush Library. All available documents, including those subsequently-opened and interfiled at the time of scanning, have been included. There are a very small number of individual documents that remain classified or unprocessed. "Document Withdrawal/Redaction Sheets" have been included in this collection. These withdrawal/redaction sheets itemize documents that have been withdrawn due to either national security or privacy restrictions, by the staff of the George H.W. Bush Presidential Library.

 

Type
E-Book(s)
Text Collection
Coverage
1989-1993
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30690
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects
Questions about this resource? Contact Ask a Librarian

AREAER Online

Alternative Titles
Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions Online
AREAR
IMF AREAER
Description

The Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions (AREAER) tracks the exchange rate and trade regimes of all members of the International Monetary Fund (currently 187 countries and three territories). The online version has data back to 1999.  The print version goes back to 1950.

Type
Statistics
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30668
More Information
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects
Questions about this resource? Contact Ask a Librarian

International Historical Statistics

Alternative Titles
IHS
Description
International Historical Statistics includes a wide variety of economic, population, labor, education, transportation data on the Americas and Europe, but also hard-to-find data on Africa, Asia and Oceania. 
 
The data covers 260 years (1750-2010). Users will find the ability to conduct statistical analysis across both time and geopolitical boundaries particularly valuable. Data tables can be downloaded as ePDFs and/or Excel files.
 
 

 

Type
Numeric Data
Statistics
Coverage
AFRICA, ASIA, OCEANIA; THE AMERICAS; and EUROPE from 1750-2010
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30148
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects
Questions about this resource? Contact Ask a Librarian

Encyclopedia of Consumption and Waste: The Social Science of Garbage

Alternative Titles
Social Science of Garbage
Description

"What we throw away today tells a story in real time and becomes an important and useful tool for academic study. Trash is studied by behavioral scientists who use data com­piled from the exploration of dumpsters to better understand our modern society and culture. Why does the average American household send 470 pounds of uneaten food to the garbage can on an annual basis? How do different societies around the world cope with their garbage in these troubled environmental times? How does our trash give insight into our attitudes about gender, class, religion, and art? The Encyclopedia of Consumption and Waste explores the topic across multiple disciplines within the social sciences and ranges further to include business, consumerism, environmentalism, and marketing to comprise an outstanding reference for academic and public libraries." -- About This Encyclopedia, Encyclopedia of Consumption and Waste

Carl A. Zimring & William L. Rathje, eds.

 

Type
Encyclopedia
Coverage
2012
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30091
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects
Questions about this resource? Contact Ask a Librarian

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