Subject Encyclopedias

Encyclopedia of War Crimes and Genocide

Description

Encyclopedia of War Crimes and Genocide, Revised Edition examines the contemporary history of crimes against humanity, during both wartime and peacetime. With more than 500 entries, this two-volume A-to-Z encyclopedia covers a wide range of relevant topics, including human rights, war criminals, war crimes, examples of genocide, international organizations and international law concerning war crimes, and much more. This revised edition also includes updated information on recent human rights and war crime trials. The primary resources section contains documents that are vital to understanding this subject.

Coverage includes:

    * Amnesty International
    * Apartheid
    * Armenian genocide
    * Babi Yar
    * Klaus Barbie
    * Biological weapons
    * Bosnia and Herzegovina
    * Cambodia
    * Collateral damage
    * Conflict diamonds
    * Darfur
    * François "Papa Doc" Duvalier
    * El Salvador
    * Executions
    * Freedom House
    * Geneva Conventions
    * Ghost prisoners
    * Gulags
    * Human Rights Convention
    * Saddam Hussein
    * International Committee of the Red Cross
    * Kosovo
    * My Lai massacre
    * North Korea
    * Piracy and international law
    * Pol Pot
    * Rwanda
    * Shining Path
    * Slavery
    * Taliban
    * Desmond Tutu
    * War on terror
    * Simon Wiesenthal

Type
E-Book(s)
Encyclopedia
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/11607
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

The Encyclopedia of Witches, Witchcraft and Wicca

Alternative Titles
Encyclopedia of Witches, Witchcraft and Wicca, 3rd edition
Description

In more than 480 entries, The Encyclopedia of Witches, Witchcraft, and Wicca, Third Edition is an exciting update to one of the landmark references on the subject—by paranormal expert Rosemary Ellen Guiley. This edition provides unparalleled coverage of witchcraft practices around the world—spanning different time periods and societies—including entries on magic, shamanism, the occult, and wizardry. Now covering Wicca-related material not included in the previous editions as well as updates of contemporary biographies and Wicca material, this encyclopedia is perfect for casual readers and researchers, as well as those fascinated by this spellbinding topic. All content has been expanded considerably, providing updates and new information about the key topics of witchcraft.

New and revised coverage includes:

    * Amulets
    * Biographies of contemporary and historical figures
    * Book of Shadows
    * Charms
    * Demons
    * Familiars
    * Folklore relating to witchcraft
    * Hand of glory
    * Historical cases of witchcraft trials
    * The Inquisition
    * Magic and Wicca
    * Salem witches and other historical cases of witchcraft trials
    * Spells
    * Tools, such as altars, amulets, cauldrons, and charms
    * Wicca practices, rituals, beliefs, and traditions
    * Wiccan organizations
    * Witches in entertainment: films, television, stage, and popular fiction.

Type
E-Book(s)
Encyclopedia
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/11605
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

Encyclopedia of Special Education

Alternative Titles
Encyclopedia of special education : a reference for the education of children, adolescents, and adults with disabilities and other exceptional individuals
Description

The Third Edition of the highly acclaimed Encyclopedia of Special Education has been thoroughly updated to include the latest information about new legislation and guidelines. In addition, this comprehensive resource features school psychology, neuropsychology, reviews of new tests and curricula that have been developed since publication of the second edition in 1999, and new biographies of important figures in special education. Unique in focus, the Encyclopedia of Special Education, Third Edition addresses issues of importance ranging from theory to practice and is a critical reference for researchers as well as those working in the special education field.  The encyclopedia is edited by Cecil R. Reynolds, PhD, Texas A&M University and Elaine Fletcher-Janzen, EdD, University of Colorado.

Type
E-Book(s)
Encyclopedia
Coverage
3rd edition/2007
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/11591
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

World Christian Database (WCD)

Description

The WCD is updated quarterly. It includes detailed information on 9,000 Christian denominations and on religions in every country of the world. Extensive data are available on 238 countries and 13,000 ethno-linguistic peoples, as well as on 5,000 cities and 3,000 provinces. This extraordinary database is an invaluable reference tool for professionals, scholars, students, agencies, health organizations, and news media. Information is readily available on religious activities, growth rates, religious literature, worker activity, and demography. Additional secular data is included on population, health, education, languages, and communication. All this information makes the WCD an invaluable resource for anyone interested in Christian and religious demography and the history of Christianity. Thousands of sources are evaluated and reviewed on a weekly basis by a professional staff dedicated to expanding and updating the WCD. There is no other resource completely focused on providing global statistics on World Christianity today.

Sources

  • A large majority of the data collected for the WCD comes from published and unpublished sources, field work, interviews, and questionnaires - Around 5,000 statistical questionnaires returned by churches and national collaborators over the period 1982-present
  • Field surveys and interviews on the spot in over 200 countries
  • A mass of unpublished documentation on all countries, collected on the fi eld, including reports, memoranda, photographs, maps, statistical summaries, and historical documents
  • Around 4,500 printed contemporary descriptions of churches, describing denominations, movements, countries and confessions
  • Officially-published reports of 500 government-organized national censuses of population
  • A series of in-depth interviews with bishops, church leaders, and theologians

Detailed Religious and Demographic Statistics include:

  • Global comparative fi gures for every major religion
  • Population and religious adherents for every country and United Nations region
  • Access to source material on religious affiliation (census and survey fi gures)
  • Breakdown of major religions into traditions (e.g. Sunni-Shi’as within Islam)
  • Multiple data points to compare growth rates (1900, 1950, 1970, 2000, 2005, 2025, 2050)
  • Feedback mechanism for users to comment on data, sources and methodology
  • Population and Adherents (for 1900, 1970, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2025, 2050)
  • Demographics (birth rate, adult percentage, life expectancy)
  • Health (HIV rates, access to water, mortality)
  • Education (literacy percentage, schools, universities)
  • Communication (scripture access, religious freedom)
  • Christian personnel
  • Evangelism rates
  • Status of missions work
  • Lists of Christian denominations in every country
  • Country, regional, and global estimates of Pentecostals and Charismatics
  • Status of Bible translation


Features and Benefits

  • 9,000 Denominations
  • 13,000 Ethnolinguistic Peoples
  • 5,000 Cities
  • 3,000 Provinces
  • 238 Countries
  • Quarterly updates
  • - Unique reference tool for professionals, scholars, students, agencies, news media
Type
Database
Statistics
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/11569
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

Religion Past and Present (RPP) Online

Alternative Titles
Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart (RGG)
Brill Online Reference Works
Description

Religion Past and Present (RPP) Online is the online version of the updated English translation of the 4th edition of the definitive encyclopedia of religion worldwide: the peerless Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart (RGG). This great resource, now available in English and Online, continues the tradition of deep knowledge and authority relied upon by generations of scholars in religious, theological, and biblical studies. Religion Past and Present indisputably belongs to the small class of essential reference works.

RPP Online will include ALL 13 volumes of the print edition and is automatically updated whenever a new volume has been published (2 volumes annually).

Features and Benefits
- Strongly international, cross-cultural and ecumenical, written by over 3,000 authors from 88 countries
- RGG has been a standard reference work since the publication of the first edition in 1908
- Covers an unparalleled breadth of subject matter in theological and biblical studies
- Up-to-date research and bibliographies make it an indispensable resource for all levels of users
- Interdisciplinary articles cover a wide range of topics from history, archaeology, liturgy, law, bible, music, visual arts, politics, social sciences, natural sciences, ethics and philosophy
- Over 15,000 entries and 8 million words
- Abstracts drawn from a wide range of journals in various languages
- Covers an array of complementary disciplines
- Continually updated with new entries

Type
E-Book(s)
Encyclopedia
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/11567
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

Online Index to Hatcher Graduate Library Reference Books

Alternative Titles
HathiTrust Digital Library: UMich Hatcher Graduate Reference
Grad Ref, GL Ref, GLRF
Description

This "featured collection" in the HathiTrust Digital Library makes it possible to search the full text of most of the print books in the Hatcher Graduate Library's Reference Collection (about 7,500 works in about 15,000 print volumes), including most of the books shelved in the Reference Reading Room and at the Information and Reference Center on the second floor. 

For the 20% of materials covered that are in the public domain, the full text of the reference work can be viewed online.  The other 80% of works covered that remain in copyright are "Search Only," meaning that the full text cannot be viewed online, but search results indicate on which page(s) of the volume a match with the search terms occurs, so one can then retrieve the print volume and know to what page(s) to turn to locate the search terms in the printed text. 

Note:  No reference works published since 2010 are covered by this index.  Neither are reference works that the library has acquired only in online form.  This is an index to print reference works only.

 

Type
Article Index
Dictionary
Directory
E-Book(s)
Encyclopedia
Handbook
Search Engine
Statistics
Coverage
Selected print reference books published between 1850 and 2009.
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/11513
Access
Open access for all usersOpen access for all users
Subjects

Encyclopedia of Careers and Vocational Guidance

Alternative Titles
Careers and Vocational Guidance
Description

Provides detailed facts and current statistics for over 750 occupations in more than 90 key career fields. Contains more than 500 photographs.  This is the 15th edition of this 5 volume encyclopedia.

Volume 1 covers career guidance and career fields and includes topics such as:  Preparing for Your Career—presents information on choosing a career, starting a career, assessment tests, personal skills, occupational classification systems, training for job entry, and career development; Finding a Job—covers information on placement offices, job fairs, networking and references, searching the Web, and classified ads; Applying for a Job—gives information on résumés, cover letters, career portfolios and credentials, and interviewing; You're Hired—features information on salary and wages, fringe benefits, personnel management, employment laws, and employees' rights; an overview of the 94 industries covered, including in-depth information on computer software, construction, entrepreneurs, military services, telecommunications, trucking, and more; four sections covering the background, structure, and outlook of each career field; and additional resources for further investigation.

Volumes 2-5 contain articles on individual careers.  Each article/profile includes: Quick Facts—summarizes important facts; Overview—briefly defines the occupation; History—provides background on how the occupation developed; Job Description—offers an in-depth description of the types of specific jobs in the field; Job Requirements—discusses any necessary training or education; Exploring—suggests various ways to further explore the field; Employers—looks at who hires people in the industry; Starting Out—suggests where to look for employment; Advancement—tells how people can move up the ladder; Earnings—gives current salaries and wages; Work Environment—describes the work setting; Outlook—looks at the future growth of the career based on U.S. government projections; For More Information—presents a list of helpful organizations that can provide further information.

Type
E-Book(s)
Encyclopedia
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/11477
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

Alternative Titles
Brill’s Encyclopedia of China Online
http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/browse/encyclopedia-of-china
Description

Brill’s Encyclopedia of China Online is based on the originally a thousand-page reference work on China with a clear focus on the modern period from the mid-nineteenth century to the 21st century. Written by the world’s top scholars, Brill’s Encyclopedia of China is the first place to look for reliable information on the history, geography, society, economy, politics, science, and culture of China.

Type
Encyclopedia
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/11461
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

Oxford Reference: Classical Studies

Alternative Titles
Classics collection at Oxford Reference Online (ORO)
Description

Includes full-text of the following reference works:

  • Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture
  • Oxford Classical Dictionary
  • Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization
  • Oxford Companion to Classical Literature
  • Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World
  • Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome
  • Pocket Oxford Latin Dictionary (English-Latin)
  • Pocket Oxford Latin Dictionary (Latin-English)
  • Who's Who in the Classical World
Type
Dictionary
E-Book(s)
Encyclopedia
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/11409
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

Motif-Index of Folk Literature

Alternative Titles
Stith Thompson
Description

Full-text version of : Thompson, Stith. Motif-index of folk-literature: a classification of narrative elements in folktales, ballads, myths, fables, mediaeval romances, exempla, fabliaux, jest-books, and local legends. Revised and enlarged edition. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1955-1958.

This venerable reference work is a subject index to folktales from around the world. Sources come from thousands of books and periodicals (see Bibliography). Indexed are the "folktale, the myth, the ballad, the fable, the mediaeval romance, the fabliau, the jest, the exemplum, and the local tradition" (Introduction, p. 11) from both literatry and oral traditions. Excluded are "superstitions, customs, religious beliefs, riddles, or proverbs, except as they happen to form an organic part of a narrative" (Introduction, p. 11).

One can use the left-hand facets to navigate through the book alphabetically by subject from Volume 1 through Volume 6. One also can use the Search box at the top of the page to word-search the entire six-volume work. Hyperlink crossreferences are provided to similar myths (e.g., "Animals have second sight" is crossreferenced to "Dwarfs predict"). Additionally, motif-index entries (e.g., "Dwarfs predict") provide references to source literature (e.g., "Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; German: Pröhle Harzsagen No. 155, Bindewald 188").

Note: There also is a digital copy of the original six-volume set in HathiTrust: http://mirlyn.lib.umich.edu/Record/001276245

Type
E-Book(s)
Encyclopedia
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/11407
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Subject Encyclopedias