Astronomy and Astrophysics

History of Astronomy

Special Collections Library
Hatcher Graduate Library
913 S. University Avenue
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
(734) 764-9377 (p)

A collection of materials on astronomy dating from the second century through the 'golden age' of celestial cartography

If you simply want to read a historical astronomy text, you may be able to find it online, digitized and translated into English. But to fully experience the physical splendor of the documents, you’ll need to make a visit to the library.

Peggy Daub, curator of the history of astronomy collection, says, “We are one of the few institutions in the world to have all the important early works in astronomy covered, including hundreds of pre-1800 publications.”

The Galileo Manuscript, written 1609-1610, is among the great treasures of the University of Michigan Library. One of the top ten items requested from Special Collections, it is also the most frequently reprinted, appearing in textbooks and on the web, including on the NASA website. The document, written in his own hand, describes and illustrates Galileo’s discovery of the four moons of Jupiter.

Daub says, “The Galileo manuscript is a rare and valuable holding and it gets students excited about the subject. I’m often invited to speak to beginning astronomy students, and the manuscript is part of the talk. Physics classes use it, too, and when Michigan Math and Science Scholars visit, it’s part of our show-and-tell.”

While the greatest strength of the history of astronomy collection is the depth and breadth of its material, the Galileo manuscript is one among its many sparkling gems.

The library owns all of the “big four” star atlases that came out of Europe’s golden age of celestial cartography: the Atlas Coelestis of John Flamsteed, the Uranometria of Johann Bayer (1603), the Firmamentum Sobiescianum sive Uranographia of Johannes Hevelius (1690) and the Uranographia of Johann Elert Bode (1801) — two of which were fairly recent aquisitions made possible with the support of library endowments.

To look back even further, you can examine an Egyptian papyrus containing an astrological treatise, written in Greek around the second century C.E., that predicts the movement of Mars.

Daub points out that the astronomy collection has significant overlap with the History of Mathematics collection. For example, the library owns a rare first edition by Copernicus (1543) that puts forth his theory that the earth moves around the sun, a theory he supported with mathematics since it couldn’t be proven by observation.

The mathematics collection also includes more than 100 editions of The Elements of Euclid, spanning five centuries and many languages. An edition by Oliver Byrne published in 1847 is one of the first examples of the use of color to elucidate mathematical concepts.

Page maintained by Pablo Alvarez
Last modified: 06/27/2014

Optics InfoBase

Description

Optics InfoBase provides access to the journals of the Optical Society of America, plus OSA's major meetings (past and current) including CLEO (lasers), FiO (annual meeting) and OFC (fiber). It also includes access to OSA’s Optics ImageBank, containing more than 200,000 indexed images and figures from OSA journals.

Type
E-Journal(s)
Images
Coverage
Varies by title; 1917-present.
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30640
More Information
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

Shapiro Science Library

Shapiro Library
919 South University Avenue
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1185
(734) 764-7490 (p)

Hours this week:

SundayOpen 24 Hours
MondayOpen 24 Hours
TuesdayOpen 24 Hours
WednesdayOpen 24 Hours
ThursdayOpen 24 Hours
FridayOpen 24 Hours
SaturdayOpen 24 Hours
Welcome

The Shapiro Science Library provides services and resources to support research, teaching, and scientific inquiry in the fields of Astronomy, Biology, Chemistry, Geological Sciences, Mathematics, Natural Resources and Environment, Physics and Statistics.

We are located on the 3rd and 4th floors of the Shapiro Library Building, which also houses the Shapiro Undergraduate Library, Askwith Media Library and Michigan Publishing. Please see our virtual tour for more information about our facilities and services.

Page maintained by Jacob Glenn
Last modified: 09/03/2014

COS Pivot

Alternative Titles
COS Funding Opportunities, COS Scholar Universe, COS Expertise
Community of Science (COS)
Description

COS Pivot is a directory of researchers and research funding opportunities that combines two comprehensive, editorially maintained databases:  the COS Funding Opportunities database of over 400,000 funding opportunities worth an estimated $33 billion, and the COS Scholar Universe database of 3 million profiles of scholars worldwide.  Its proprietary algorithm compiles pre-populated researcher profiles unique to an organization (such as University of Michigan) and matches them to revelant current funding opportunities.  This allows U-M users to search for a funding opportunity and instantly view matching faculty from inside or outside U-M.  Conversely, a search for a given scholar will link to matching funding opportunities.

Note:  Access to personalized features requires personal registration and login.  COS Pivot replaces the former COS Expertise service.

Type
Database
Directory
Coverage
Continuously updated information on researchers and grant and other funding opportunities.
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/11537
More Information
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Access requires personal registrationAccess requires personal registration
Subjects

Web of Science

Alternative Titles
Web of Science Core Collection, WoSCC, WSCC
ISI Web of Science, ISI Citation Indexes, WebOfScience, WoS, Web of Sci.
SCI, SCI-EXPANDED, SSCI, AHCI, A&HCI, CPCI, CPCI-S, CPCI-SSH, BCI, BKCI, BKCI-S, BKCI-SSH
Science Expanded, Social Sciences, Arts & Humanities, Conference Proceedings, and Book Citation Index
Description

Covering 12,000+ scholarly journals, plus selected books and published conference proceedings in all academic disciplines, the Web of Science Core Collection combines seven citation indexes which permit searching for articles that cite a known author or work, as well as searching by subject, author, journal, and author address:

  • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)
  • Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI)
  • Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI)
  • Conference Proceedings Citation Index - Science (CPCI-S)
  • Conference Proceedings Citation Index - Social Sciences & Humanities (CPCI-SSH)
  • Book Citation Index - Science (BKCI-S)
  • Book Citation Index - Social Sciences & Humanities (BKCI-SSH)
Type
Article Index
Coverage
1900 - (varies by index: 1900 - for Science and Social Sciences; 1975 - for Arts & Humanities, 1990 - for Conference Proceedings, 2005 - for Books)
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/10165
Mobile Version
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

Astrophysics Data System

Alternative Titles
SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System
ADS
Description

The Astrophysics Data System (ADS) is a NASA-funded project which maintains three bibliographic databases containing more than 4.4 million records: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Physics, and ArXiv e-prints. The main body of data in the ADS consists of bibliographic records, which are searchable through the Abstract Service query forms, and full-text of some of the astronomical literature which can be browsed though the Browse interface. To activate our MGet It (formerly SFX) services, choose "Open URL Settings" from the ADS "Preferences" page: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/pref_set Select "Library Server" for "University of Michigan" and save. This is a cookie-based system, so settings will be removed when you delete cookies. Coverage is typically (but not always comprehensively) back to 1975, with some coverage of pre-1975 years.

Type
Article Index
Coverage
1975 - present
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/9875
Access
Open access for all usersOpen access for all users
Subjects

INSPEC

Alternative Titles
INSPEC [Engineering Village 2]
Description

On ENGINEERING VILLAGE platform, covers the world-wide literature (mainly journal articles and conference proceedings papers) in astronomy, physics, electronics and electrical engineering, computers and control, and information technology.

Type
Article Index
Coverage
INSPEC grows by about 330,000 records per year. 1896-
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/9821
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

INSPIRE

Alternative Titles
SPIRES HEP Literature Database
High-Energy Physics Literature Database
Stanford Physics Information REtrieval System (SPIRES)
SPIRES HEP Database
Description

An index to the literature of the particle and high-energy physics community. Supersedes the SPIRES database started by the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center(SLAC) in the late 1960's.

Type
Article Index
Coverage
Search over 500,000 high-energy physics related articles. Includes journal papers, preprints, e-prints, technical reports, conference papers and theses. Produced since the late 1960s, and comprehensively indexed by the SLAC and DESY libraries since 1974. Covers some articles published as far back as the 1920's.
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/9373
Access
Open access for all usersOpen access for all users
Subjects

ScienceDirect (Elsevier Books & Journals Online)

Alternative Titles
ScienceDirect (Elsevier)
Science Direct
Description

Contains access to more than 2,000 journals published by Elsevier Science and its subsidiary publishers, including Academic Press, Cell Press, Pergamon, Mosby, and Saunders journals. Coverage is particularly strong for the life and physical sciences, medicine, and technical fields, but also includes some social sciences and humanities.

Type
Article Index
E-Book(s)
E-Journal(s)
Coverage
1996 -
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/9239
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

Institute of Physics (IoP) Electronic Journals

Alternative Titles
IoP Electronic Journals
Description
Provides full-text access to scholarly journals in physics and engineering published by the Institute of Physics.
Type
E-Journal(s)
Coverage
varies by journal title
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/9197
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

Pages

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