Government, Politics & Law

ClimateWire

Alternative Titles
Climate Wire, CW, E&E, E & E News
Description

Designed to bring readers comprehensive coverage of the debate over climate policy and its effects on business, the environment and society.  Updated daily at 8:00am, ClimateWire covers in-depth the key issues that surround the debate over climate change, including:

- Federal agency programs, legislation, policies and funding
- State program development and implementation
- Kyoto implementation
- Post-Kyoto negotiations and nation-state positioning
- International agency activities
- Carbon market development
- Alternative energy research and deployment
- Financial community investment decisions
- Corporate/multi-national response to climate concerns
- Positions and lobbying by stakeholder groups
- Consequences and lessons learned from GHG-reduction efforts
- Latest science research and technology developments
- Effects on water resources, species, ecosystems and agriculture
- Trends and effects for traditional and non-traditional fossil fuel resources
- Consequences for electric utilities
- Economic effects
- Costs to consumers

To access content more than four years old, click on the word SEARCH (in red) next to the search box to connect to the Archive Search screen.
 

Type
E-Journal(s)
Coverage
2008 -
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30808
More Information
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

The Savings and Loan Crisis: Loss of Public Trust and the Federal Bailout, 1989-1993

Alternative Titles
Archives Unbound
Description
Date Range: 1989-1993 (there is a small amount of material from 1981-1988)
Content: 11,657 images
George H.W. Bush Presidential Library

Detailed Description

The savings and loan crisis of the 1980s and 1990s included the failure of 747 savings and loans (also known as thrifts). The ultimate cost of the crisis has been estimated to have totaled around $160.1 billion, about $124.6 billion of which was directly paid for by the federal government via a financial bailout under the leadership of President George H.W. Bush—that is, the American taxpayer provided the funding for the bailout, either directly or through charges on their savings and loan accounts and increased taxes—which contributed to the large budget deficits of the early 1990s.

The deregulation of savings and loans (S&Ls) gave them many of the capabilities of banks, without the same regulations as banks. S&Ls could choose to be under either a state or a federal charter. Immediately after deregulation of the federally-chartered thrifts, state-chartered thrifts rushed to become federally chartered, because of the advantages associated with a federal charter. In response, states such as California and Texas changed their regulations so to be similar to federal regulations. More important, however, was the hazard of insuring already troubled institutions with public dollars. In the view of a savings and loan president or manager, the trend line was fatal over the long haul, thus to get liquid, the institution had to take on riskier assets, particularly land. When the real estate market crashed, the savings and loans went with it.

In an effort to take advantage of the real estate boom and high interest rates of the late 1970s and early 1980s, many S&Ls lent far more money than was prudent, and to risky ventures which many S&Ls were not qualified to assess, especially regarding commercial real estate. L. William Seidman, former chairman of both the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and the Resolution Trust Corporation, stated, "The banking problems of the ’80s and ’90s came primarily, but not exclusively, from unsound real estate lending."

This publication provides a unique perspective on the unfolding S&L crisis and the federal government’s response. There are materials on the various causes, including deregulation, congressional attempts to "band aid" the "festering" S&L problem, and federal efforts to prop-up failing S&Ls, implementation of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989, federal seizure and liquidation of insolvent thrifts, prosecution of S&L management for fraudulent lending practices, and congressional support for a bailout.

This publication encompasses the recently declassified/released records from two manuscript collections: the Savings and Loan Crisis and Savings and Loan Crisis: Richard Breeden Records. These documents are not available in any other online or microfilm product.

The Savings and Loan Crisis collection consists of correspondence, memoranda, studies, analyses, testimony, talking points and news clippings from the White House and various staff offices and agencies. A sampling of the various records includes—

• White House Office of Records Management Subject Files on Legislative Leadership Meetings

• White Office of Cabinet Affairs files on S&L deregulation; HR535; Schumer Amendments; "Toward a Safer America—Attacking Savings and Loan Institution Fraud"; and the S&L Strategy Group.

• White House Counsels Office files: banking and Savings and Loans; Lincoln Savings & Loan and the Keating 5; Executive Privilege and Will Ball; Savings and Loan Crime Bill.

• White House Office of Legislative Affairs files on the U.S. Chamber of Commerce Meeting - Economic Policy Committee and Task Force on the Thrift Industry; Office of Thrift Supervision Directory; Bipartisan efforts on Savings and Loan crisis.

• White House Office of Policy Development files on S&L failures and the James Pinkerton Files on the Savings and Loan Ceremony.

• White House Office of Public Liaison files of Leigh Ann Metzger and the Public Liaison Files on the Savings and Loan Bailout.

• Bush Vice Presidential Records: White House Staff and Office Files on Task Force on Regulatory Relief; Thrift Portfolio Test, Powers, and Regulation; and the National Savings and Loan League.

• Office of Consumer Affairs: federal records on Savings & Loan Rescue; the Thrift Bill, 1989; and the Office of Thrift Supervision.

The second collection, Savings and Loan Crisis: Richard Breeden Records, contains congressional, lender, and constituent correspondence together with White House and Administration memoranda concerning the Thrift Restructuring Bill, QTL (qualified thrift lender test), background on banking problems, Congressional testimony, and credit union and thrift industry views on S&L restructuring. Subject File FG134 (Federal Home Loan Bank Board) contains information of resignations and appointments to the federal Home Loan Bank Board, Freddie Mac Board, and Housing Finance Board, proposed S&L bailout plans, Congressional testimony concerning S&L’s, and Congressional correspondence concerning appointments and oversight of various financial boards.

Publisher’s Note: This collection comprises the FOIA Requests 1999-0550-F and 1998-0356-F, filed by the George H.W. Bush Library. All available documents, including those subsequently-opened and interfiled at the time of scanning, have been included. There are a very small number of individual documents that remain classified or unprocessed. "Document Withdrawal/Redaction Sheets" have been included in this collection. These withdrawal/redaction sheets itemize documents that have been withdrawn due to either national security or privacy restrictions, by the staff of the George H.W. Bush Presidential Library.

 

Type
E-Book(s)
Text Collection
Coverage
1989-1993
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30690
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

ProQuest Statistical Abstracts of the World

Alternative Titles
Stat Abs of the World
Statistical Abstracts of the World
Description

These statistical abstracts are generally issued by the national statistical offices of foreign governments and contain country-level data not easily found elsewhere. The first release includes data from 29 countries; more will be added later. Global and regional statistical compendia issued by international organizations and research firms will also be included.

Type
Statistics
Coverage
The most recently published Statistical Abstracts (usually 2010-2013) from 29 countries (as of 10/18/13).
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30670
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

AREAER Online

Alternative Titles
Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions Online
AREAR
IMF AREAER
Description

The Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions (AREAER) tracks the exchange rate and trade regimes of all members of the International Monetary Fund (currently 187 countries and three territories). The online version has data back to 1999.  The print version goes back to 1950.

Type
Statistics
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30668
More Information
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

China Geo-Explorer II

Alternative Titles
China Geo-Explorer
Description

It provide China's demographic and economic data, maps, charts and reports in web-based delivery system. Government Statistics in provincial, city, and county level, Population Census, Economic Census (1995, 2001, 2004), Industrial Census (1995), Geographic and Environmental data are available. Available in both English and Chinese. Created and managed by the U of Michigan China Data Center. UM user only. 2010 census data will be updated in the end of 2013. 

Type
Database
Map(s)
Numeric Data
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30579
More Information
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

Data-Planet Statistical Ready Reference

Alternative Titles
ProQuest Statistical Data Sets
Data-Planet Statistical Data Sets
Data-Planet Ready Reference
Description

Provides access to statistical information produced by U.S. Federal agencies, private companies, and intergovernmental organizations. Subjects include health, crime, population, finance, industry, and marketing.

Data is available for the world as a whole or for selected countries. Data for the U.S. are shown by state, often by county, sometimesby census tract and zip code. Time series data may go back several decades.

Data sources include the U.S. government, the World Bank, Dow Jones, Dun & Bradstreet, Mergent, and Standard & Poors.

The University Library has Datasets Basic Subscription, which does not include EASI Market Planner, IMF data or data from the U-M China Data Center.  U-M China Data Center is available from China Data Online.  IMF data in IMF eLibrary Data.

Type
Numeric Data
Statistics
Coverage
International, US, state and local statistics.
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30456
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

Rotunda

Description

Rotunda is a digital collection of critical and documentary texts published by the University of Virginia Press. 

Rotunda's fully-searchable collections include: 

Presidential Recordings of Lyndon B. Johnson Digital Edition.

The Literature and Culture Collection looks to both the U.S. and Britain to provide users with a rich and diverse perspective on the Renaissance through the nineteenth century. The collection presents “born-digital” publications alongside digitized versions of multivolume print publications. The collection includes:

·      The Digital Temple: A Documentary Edition of George Herbert's English Verse

·      Emily Dickinson's Correspondences

·      Herman Melville’s “Typee”: A Fluid Text Edition

·      The Letters of Christina Rossetti

·      Clotel by William Wells Brown

·      The Letters of Matthew Arnold

·      The Letters of Christina Rossetti

Type
E-Book(s)
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30355
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

World Integrated Trade Solution (WITS)

Alternative Titles
UNCTAD TRAINS, UN COMTRADE, WITS
Description

World integrated Trade Solutions (WITS) gives access to international merchandise trade and protection related data and offers built-in analytical tools allowing users to assess the impact of tariff changes. WITS provide users with capabilities to retrieve and analyze trade and tariff data; convert data between different nomenclatures; customize country and product groups; and download data. WITS also includes simulation tool to calculate the impact of tariff changes on trade flows (trade creation and diversion), tariff revenues, and consumer welfare using partial equilibrium modeling tools.

 

The World Bank, in close collaboration and consultation with the various International Organizations such as the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), International Trade Center (ITC), United Nations Statistical Division (UNSD) and the World Trade Organization (WTO), has developed the World Integrated Trade Solution (WITS). This software accesses and retrieves information on trade and tariffs which is compiled by the following international organizations:

 

  • The United Nation Statistics Division (UNSD) Commodity Trade (UN COMTRADE) Data Base contains merchandise trade exports and imports by detailed commodity and partner country. Values are recorded in US dollars along with a variety of quantity measures. The Database includes information for over 170 countries, some of which have been reporting these types of statistics to the United Nations since 1962.The data are recorded according to various internationally recognized trade and tariff classifications.

  • The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Trade Analysis Information System (TRAINS) contains information on Imports, Tariffs, Para-Tariffs and Non-Tariff Measures for 119 countries. The data on tariffs, para-tariffs and non-tariff measures are available at the most detailed commodity level of the national tariffs (i.e., at the tariff line level). The data are recorded according to three internationally recognized trade and tariff classifications.

  • The World Trade Organization's (WTO) Integrated Data Base (IDB) contains imports by commodity and partner country and MFN applied and where available preferencial tariffs, at the most detailed commodity level of the national tariffs. the Consolidated Tariff Schedule Data Base (CTS) contains WTO bound tariffs, Initial Negotiating Rights (INR) and other indicators. The CTS reflects the concessions made by countries during goods negotiations (e.g., the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations). The IDB and CTS are practical working tools and there are no implications as to the legal status of the information contained therein.

 

New user needs to create personal account to access data (no fee required).

 

Type
Database
Numeric Data
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30253
Access
Open access for all usersOpen access for all users
Subjects

PolicyMap (Free Version)

Alternative Titles
Policy Map
Description
PolicyMap is an online (no software installation needed) US national data and mapping tool and analytics platform. PolicyMap enables users to concentrate on their subject matter rather than having to spend time learning a GIS tool. 
 
PolicyMap is web-based and geared toward users who may not be GIS experts but want to be able to analyze large amounts of data quickly and produce maps, tables, charts and reports with a minimal learning curve for the application itself.
 
This entry links to the free version of PolicyMap, not the subscription version. The University of Michigan does not have a subscription to PolicyMap at this time.
 
Type
Database
Map(s)
Statistics
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30249
More Information
Access
Open access for all usersOpen access for all users
Subjects

International Historical Statistics

Alternative Titles
IHS
Description
International Historical Statistics includes a wide variety of economic, population, labor, education, transportation data on the Americas and Europe, but also hard-to-find data on Africa, Asia and Oceania. 
 
The data covers 260 years (1750-2010). Users will find the ability to conduct statistical analysis across both time and geopolitical boundaries particularly valuable. Data tables can be downloaded as ePDFs and/or Excel files.
 
 

 

Type
Numeric Data
Statistics
Coverage
AFRICA, ASIA, OCEANIA; THE AMERICAS; and EUROPE from 1750-2010
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/30148
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
Subjects

Pages

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