Ostraca- Broken pot sherds, which were frequently used for the recording of tax or sales receipts, accounts, or lists.
Papyri- Papyrus is made from the Cyperus papyrus plant, found growing in marshy regions in Egypt and the Sudan. The Egyptians used the plant as a source of food, for making clothing, mats, and especially papyrus, a paper-like material. For more information on how papyrus was made, it's study and uses, click here.
Parchment- Parchment was made from untanned animal skin, and was often bound in the form of a codex. Quite often we find biblical texts written on parchment.
Wax and Wood Tablets- These were two wooden tablets bound together, with a layer of wax on the interior of each tablet. The wax was then written on with a pen.