- Papyrological Archives
- Electronic Publications
- Papyrus Collections
- Other Papyrological Websites
Ancient Greek Music on Papyrus - This site examines two pieces of papyri which Contain musical notation. Not only are images available of these papyri, but an actual recreation of the melody is played when the appropriate text is selected. Of these two papyri, one is Michigan's own P. Mich. 1205r.
A Catalogue of Mythographic Papyri - The goal of this site is to provide a comprehensive catalogue including all papyrus fragments with mythographic contents. Although the site is still being developed, the catalogue intends to divide the papyri on the basis of contents in different genre categories, such as hypotheseis, commentaries, catalogues, prose narratives, etc, and to provide a means by which one can search these categories.
Complete List of Greek NT Papyri (W. Willker) - This site contains a list of all Greek New Testament Papyri. It is an updated and improved list based on that from V. Broman's site.
Demotic and Abnormal Hieratic Texts - DAHT is a online database whose aim is to provide information about all published (and semi-published) texts written in these two scripts, currently some 13120 items.
Demotic Texts Published on the World Wide Web - This site is intended to be a constantly up-dated collection of the Demotic language material available on the World Wide Web and is the beginning of a catalogue of all Egyptian language materials published on-line. The images and materials are drawn from P. Carslberg and the Duke collection among others.
The Hawara Papyri - This site includes information and digital images of the published Hawara Papyri, housed in University College London.
Homer and the Papyri - This site offers a database consisting of: 1) a list of published papyri and related items for the Iliad and the Odyssey, and 2) a repertoire of the textual variants presented by this body of material, hypertextually linked to the list of papyri and listed by book.
The Oxyrhynchus Papyri - This site includes much information about the papyri from Oxyrhynchus, including a description and history of the site, and images of the papyri.
Papyrus Egerton 2 - This page presents a codex fragment found in Egypt of an unknown gospel fragment in the Johannine tradition, with a list of Nomina Sacra, a description of the hand, and images.
The Philodemus Project - These pages provide an introduction to the Project which aims to publish texts of the first-century B.C. philosopher Philodemus which were recovered from papyri preserved buried in the ash from the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius. The site gives a history of the project and its plans for publication as well as describing and illustrating the actual rolls of papyrus which contain the text.
Centre for the Study of Ancient Documents - The Centre was established in 1995 under the auspices of Oxford University's Faculty of Literae Humaniores to provide a focus for the study of ancient documents in Oxford. The Centre provides a home for Oxford University's epigraphical archive, which includes one of the largest collections of squeezes (paper impressions) of Greek inscriptions in the world, together with the Haverfield archive of Roman inscriptions from Britain, and a substantial photographic collection. They have a large number of sample images available.
The Centre also hosts a site on the excavations at Oxyrhynchus and the papyri recovered from the site, which at present can only be searched via the table of contents. The exhibition Oxyrhynchus: A City and its Texts, currently in the Ashmolean Museum, celebrating a hundred years of The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, is also now online.
American Society of Papyrologists - This site contains information on the society itself, on BASP (for the electronic version of BASP, see here), on the ASP Monograph series, and on ASP panels at the American Philological Association annual meeting and at the Society for Biblical Literatureannual meeting. They also maintain a convenient set of links to direct explorations into papyrologically-interesting web materials.
Carsten Niebuhr Institute - The Institute home pages at the University of Copenhagen offer a number of resources concerning the Carlsberg Papyri, a collection gathered from a variety of sources and purchased at the beginning of this century. The Carlsberg Papyri are both documentary texts from the 2nd and 1st centuries BC and literary texts of the 1st and 2nd centuries AD from Tebtunis, Hawara, and Edfu. The site contains a great number of images, a list of publications, and an inventory of the papyri organized by language.
The home page of the Copenhagen papyrus collection (P.Haunienses) gives a brief introduction to the small collection (about 400 inventory numbers), which contains, among other pieces, Sappho-fragment inv. 301. There is a picture of this fragment available, joined with its companion fragment from Milan.
Centre d'Études Alexandrines - (The Centre for Alexandrian Studies) was established in 1990 as a centre for research into the diverse aspects of Alexandrian history. Visiting scholars based their studies on the collections of the Graeco-Roman Museum and have begun work on the topography of the ancient and medieval town. They have also undertaken a number of salvage excavations both within the centre of the city and waters of the bay which you can read about at this site.
The Leuven Homepage of Papyrus Collections Worldwide - This page contains information and links to the different Papyrus collections throughout the world, as well as a listing of the archives contained in these collections.
The Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago - A museum and research organization devoted to the study of the ancient Near East. Founded in 1919 by James Henry Breasted, the Institute, a part of the University of Chicago, is an internationally recognized pioneer in the archaeology, philology, and history of early Near Eastern civilizations.
Hardt Foundation - Aims to promote the study of classical Antiquity. From the home page, you can find more information on the foundation and its annual publication.
Istituto Papirologico Girolamo Vitelli - Contains information about the collection, and a searchable on-line catalog of the library.
Bryn Mawr Classical Review - This site is the authoritative archive of BMCR's publication, from 1990 to the present.
Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists - BASP is published by the American Society of Papyrologists, and is the only North American journal in the field of papyrology.
Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik - The homepage contains among other things an index of the articles appearing in the Zeitschrift.
American Society of Papyrologists - The American Society of Papyrologists was founded in 1961 to further the study of ancient Greek and Latin papyri. The ASP is responsible for publishing The Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists (BASP), which is the only North American journal in the field of papyrology.
Association Internationale d'Épigraphie Grecque et Latine (AIEGL) - AIEGL was founded in 1972 with the aim of furthering the study of epigraphy in all countries in which classical antiquity is studied. At present this includes more than 30 countries, and the Association has about 735 members.
Association Internationale d'Études Coptes - International Association for Coptic Studies - This homepage contains among other things the addresses of Coptologists, recent news of the association, forthcoming publications, and a list of Coptic centers of study outside of Egypt.
L'Association Internationale de Papyrologues - The homepage contains a brief history of the organization as well as information on its members and different centers of papyrological study. The site also contains many useful papyrological links.
American Philological Association - Founded in 1869, the American Philological Association (APA) is the principal learned society for Classical Studies in North America.
Centro di Studi Papirologici - Visitors to this site at the Università di Lecce can access the center's electronic archive of the Papyri Universitatis Lupiensis.
Catholic University of America - The Semitics/ICOR Library contains publications and information on ancient writing in its various early manifestations: Sumerian and Akkadian cuneiform tablets and cylinder seals, coins from Syria-Palestine, Coptic ostraka, Egyptian and Coptic papyri, and some 100 manuscripts in Arabic, Armenian, Chinese, Coptic, Ethiopic, Persian, Samaritan, Syriac, and Turkish. There is also an extensive collection of some 1,200 Coptic, Syriac, Arabic, and Hebrew manuscripts in facsimile.
The International Society for Arabic Papyrology - The Society was founded on the 24th of March 2002 in Cairo and is currently based at Princeton University. Its goals are to increase, address, explore and exchange information and knowledge relevant to Arabic papyrology in the widest sense. Their homepage includes links to online resources such as the Checklist of Arabic Papyri, the Arabic Papyrology School, and the Arabic Papyrology Database Project.
Electronic Publications at Michigan
The Proceedings of the 25th International Congress of Papyrology - This volume contains 80 fully referreed articles originally delivered at the 25th International Congress of Papyrology, held in Ann Arbor from July 29th to August 4th, 2007. This is the first volume of the Proceedings to be published in multiple formats: the individual articles are freely avaliable to search, browse, and download, while a complete hardcover print volume is available to purchase.
The Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists - The Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists has been the official journal of the American Society of Papyrologists since the publication of Volume 1, issue 1 in 1963 and is the only North American journal devoted to papyrology and related disciplines. This website makes all issues of BASP available electronically, except the two most recent issues.
The Conservation of Papyrus - This article by U-M conservator Leyla Lau-Lamb looks at the conservation process at our collection.
The Dovecotes of Karanis - This article by Elinor M. Husselman provides an in depth look at the Karanis dovecotes, correlating the archaeological evidence from the excavations of the University of Michigan at the site with the written evidence from the papyri of Greco-Roman Egypt.
The Granaries of Karanis - This article by Elinor M. Husselman provides an in depth look at the Karanis granaries, correlating the archaeological evidence from the excavations of the University of Michigan at the site with the written evidence from the papyri of Greco-Roman Egypt.
Ptolemy, The Son of Kastor: An Egyptian Peasant's Year - In this lecture, Professor Pearl attempts to make aquaintance with a man and his family who lived in Greco-Roman Egypt over nineteen hundred years ago. By examining texts which refer to both him and his neighbors, the man is characterized as an individual, and in a degree also as a person typical of his time and place.
Michigan Papyri, vol. III - This volume examines several papyri in the Michigan collection, providing descriptions of both the papyri and their text, transliterations, and translations. The topics of the papyri vary, and include subjects such as private correspondece, tax records, and magical and astrological texts. This text is currently unavailable.
Other Electronic Publications
Electronic Publications at the Oriental Institute - The Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago is making all of its publications available online. Below are some of those publications:
- OIP 126. Tax Receipts, Taxpayers, and Taxes in Early Ptolemaic Thebes Brian P. Muhs
- OIC 29. Catalog of Demotic Texts in the Brooklyn Museum George R. Hughes, with contributions by Brian P. Muhs and Steve Vinson
Electronic Publications at the University of Crete - The University of Crete Department of Philology has published some papers online as part of their Workshop of Papyrology and Epigraphy site. The following articles are available:
Catalogue of Paraliterary Papyri - The CPP is an electronic catalogue of paraliterary papyri, containing descriptions of Greek papyri and other written materials which, because of their paraliterary character, cannot be found in the standard electronic corpora of literary and documentary papyri. This database contains all of the texts formerly found in the Catalogue of Mythographic Papyri.
Diccionario Griego-Español - This page contains an overview of the DGE project and a description of the largest dictionary of Ancient Greek, as well as its supplementary series. From this page you can have access to the electronic version of the DGE Canon Lists, with links to all the abbreviations and the new yet unpublished addenda. The addenda to the Bibliographical Repertoire of Greek Lexicography (RBLG), which pick up 4500 new references to 4000 Greek words coming from more than 500 publications, are also available at the DGE web page.
Kuhs, Clemens Das Dorf Samareia im griechisch-rmischen Ægypten. Eine papyrologische Untersuchung - More than 40 Papyri from Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt mention a village which is called Samareia and has many Jewish inhabitants. This study tries to examine the history of this village and its inhabitants. Special interest lies in the question for structures and forms of Jewish life in Egypt at this time. (117 pages)
Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik - The "Digital ZPE" project is supported through the assistance of Bryn Mawr Classical Review, and has the goal of making individual papers from earlier volumnes of ZPE available for download. Adobe Acrobat Reader 4.0 is required to read and print the material.
PHI Greek Epigraphy Project - This site, run by the Packard Humanities Institute, offers free public access to search and browse their database of Greek inscriptions.
House of Ptolemy - The House of Ptolemy is an aid in the study of the Ptolemaic (Macedonian-based Greek), Roman Imperial (Greco-Roman), and Byzantine rulers of Egypt based in Alexandria, this site is intended for all classicists and students of Hellenistic history. It contains pages dealing with the Ptolemaic, Roman, and Byzantine periods in Egypt and provides a reference reading list of books concerning these periods.
The Advanced Papyrological Information System (APIS) - APIS offers users a fully searchable database of over 20,000 published papyri from major U.S. collections. Records include high-resolution digital images, descriptive information about the papyri, bibliographical information, translations of the texts into English, and links to the texts themselves in the Duke Databank. Additionally, all APIS records can be browsed by subject headings.
Appolodori Bibliotheca ELectronica (ABEL) - A bibliographical database on Apollodorus the Mythographer, often called pseudo-Apollodorus. The bibliography is comprehensive, with detailed records, and the database is fully-searchable and browsable.
The Arabic Papyrology School - The "Arabic Papyrology School" offers you an easy, step by step introduction to methods that enable you to read and understand original Arabic documents, which give an insight into everyday life.
Archaeogate - il portale italiano di Archeologia: Egittologia, Archeologia Subacquea, Archeologia Classica, I.I.C.E. Informazioni aggiornate su musei, università, missioni archeologiche, collezioni, libri.
Archbase -- Berenike - This site offers a collection of archaeological resources dealing with Egypt, including the site of Berenike.
Checklist of Editions of Greek, Latin and Coptic Papyri, Ostraca and Tablets - The primary purpose of this site is to provide for scholars and librarians a ready bibliography of all monographic volumes, both current and out-of-print, of Greek and Latin texts on papyrus, parchment, ostraca or wood tablets.
The Perseus Project - The Perseus Project is an evolving digital library of resources for the study of the ancient world and beyond. It constructs a large, heterogeneous collection of materials, textual and visual, on the Archaic and Classical Greek world, and now also includes Latin texts and tools.
Thesaurus Linguae Graecae - Located at at the University of California, Irvine, this project provides a unique international resource of ancient Greek literature (Homer to AD 600) in electronic form. The TLG data bank contains approximately 70 million words of text of importance to scholars in the classics and other disciplines within the humanities
Demotic Dictionary and Demotic Directory - Published by the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, the Chicago Demotic Dictionary (CDD)is offered in portable document format (Adobe PDF) files. As letters are completed, they are brought online. The Demotic Directory, also available from this link, lists institutions and individuals involved in Demotic Studies.
Demotistische Literaturubersicht - The project Multilingualism and Multiculturalism in Graeco-Roman Egypt created this online version of the DL, a tool to help Demotists find secondary literature sources.
Leuven Database of Ancient Books Online - The LDAB is an effort to collect the basic information on all ancient literary texts, as opposed to documents. From the homepage, one can search the entire database or read a short description of the project. The database has been placed online in place of former CD-ROM publications.
CLAROS - Part of the DGE project, CLAROS is an electronic database containing the successive publications of epigraphical Greek texts. Users of CLAROS can consult the data relative to the edition and also retrieve more than 384,000 concordances among inscriptions published (in text or translation) in about 3,400 publications.
The Prosopographia Ptolemaica - A searchable database listing all inhabitants of Egypt between 300 and 30 B.C., from Greek, Egyptian and Latin sources, both authors and documents. Includes a helpful page of preformatted searches.
Austrian National Library, Papyrus Collection and Museum - Website includes information about the collection as well as a list of publications. (English & German)
University of Copenhagen, The Carlsberg Papyrus Collection - Includes an inventory of all published P.Carlsberg texts, as well as records of the papyri, some with images, categorized by language. Located at The Carsten Niebuhr Institute of Near Eastern Studies, University of Copenhagen.
University of Copenhagen, Institute of Greek and Latin- Includes some images of P.Haun papyri, as well as an index of negatives from the AIP International Papyrus Archive.
The Duke Papyrus Archive - Includes a search of all Duke papyri, which are also browsable by subject or language. There is also a list of images of P.Ammon papyri. The Duke website is home to many useful resources, including the Duke Databank of Documentary Papyri (DDDP) and the online Checklist of Editions. Duke papyri can also be searched via the APIS database.
Giessen University Library, Papyrus Collection - Includes a searchable database of P.Giss. papyri, with images. Also includes scanned versions of several publications which can be viewed online. (German)
Halle-Jena-Leipzig Papyrus Project - Includes a fully searchable database of Halle, Jena, and Leipzig papyri with images and information. (German)
Harvard College Library, Digital Papyri at Houghton Library - Houghton Library's collection of papyri consists of 84 manuscripts dating from the 3rd century BC to the 6th century AD. Most of the papyri come from Oxyrhynchus, but there are also papyri from Hibeh and from the Faym. The collection comprises both literary and documentary texts.
Heidelberg University, Institute for Papyrology - Images of papyri can be found through their database or through a list of publications. Also includes a downloadable version of their WörterListen and the HGV, a database of all published Greek papyri from Egypt. (German)
Köln Papyrus Collection - Includes many images of Köln papyri, categorized by publication. Editions include P.Köln I - X, select papyri from the Pap.Col. series, and many others. (German)
University of Michigan Papyrus Collection - P.Mich papyri can be searched online via Michigan's database. The homepage also includes online exhibits, a bibliography of papyrology, and many other useful resources. Michigan papyri can also be searched via the APIS database.
Institut de Papyrologie de la Sorbonne - Currently containing images of papyri published in P. Reinach I and II, with other Sorbonne editions to be added.
University of Utah Papyrus Holdings - Includes a full catalog of the papyri with descriptions.
The Vindolanda Tablets - The Center for the Study of Ancient Documents at Oxford has put together a wonderful site including a complete online edition, searchable and with images, of T.Vindol. I & II, an online exhibition, and a reference section.
Other Papyrology Websites
Recording, Processing, and Archiving Carbonized Papyri - A description of the methods of conserving carbonized papyri and a detailed technical discussion of the best means of creating readable high-quality, high-resolution digital images of papyrus. A great number of images document the various steps in the process of conserving and digitizing the papyri.
The Desert Speaks - This film, produced by Peter Arzt, gives insight into the history of the origins of papyrology; it shows the difficult and exciting process of papyrus preservation, as well as numerous (in part yet unpublished) original documents from the Erzherzog Rainer Papyrus Collection in Vienna, and is accompanied by commentary from a number of the most significant papyrologists of today. A special part is dedicated to literary papyri. Also available on DVD.
The Rebirth of a Papyrus - This video, produced by Peter Arzt, illustrates the various steps in papyrus-preservation. Observe the original process of the preservation of papyrus P.Vindob. G 60120, a document from the Erzherzog Rainer Papyrus Collection in Vienna. Experience how - after about 1400 years - an unsightly wad of papyrus once again assumes the form of a sheet and reveals its ancient mysteries. Also available on DVD.
Interpreting Ancient Manuscripts: Papyrus - Timothy Seid's page describes the cultivation, production, use and history of the papyrus plant.