Note: Due to difficulties with the display of foreign characters, certain umlauts and accents cannot be displayed.
2. See A. E. R. Boak and E. E. Peterson, Karanis, Topographical and Architectural Report of the Excavations during the Seasons 1924-28 (Ann Arbor, 1931). Three granaries from the B level of occupation, B1, B2, and B115, are described on pp. 9-23 and 64-65. A brief acount is also given of the large granary, C65, which at that time had not been fully cleared.
3. That data on which this study of the granaries is based are drawn largely from the material in the excavation reports, as yet unpublished, of Dr. E. E. Peterson, Director of the Museum of Archaeology at the University of Michigan, who conducted the firled work at Karanis from 1926-35. Dr. Peterson generously put these reports at my disposal, and in addition shared with me unstintingly his intimate knowledge of every phase of the excavations.
6. The models of granaries from the Egyptian tombs are described by J. H. Breasted, Jr., in his Egyptian Servant Statuettes (Washington 1948) 10-15; many of them are reproduced in the excellent plates that accompany that volume.
8. This papyrus, published by G. Baillet in Memoires de la Mission archeologique francaise au Caire 9.1 (1892) 1-89, contains mathematical problems, of which several concern the calculation of the contents in artabas of granaries in both rectangular and circular form.
19. A. C. Johnson, Roman Egypt (Baltimore 1936) 270. The referee to whom this paper was submitted has called my attention to another possible occurrence of this word in Plugdbat. V (P. Brux. Inv. E7616) xii, 10, where it has the form NOUB. No light is thrown, however, on its interpretation.
21. Three piles of bread were found in a room of a building adjacent to the granary B173, but it is uncertain whether the two had any connection. BGU 4.1067 and P Bacch. 13 illustrate the connection between bakeries and granaries.
30. A granary of the OU%IA of Livia Augusta occurs in PSI 9.1028, and the unpublished papyrus from Tebtunis, P. Mich. Inv. 735 mentions a granary of Julia Augusta ... and the children of Germanicus. A granary on the Vespasian estate is leased in BGU 7.1646.
36. Gremfell, Hunt, and Hogarth (above, note 13) plate XVI shows two such stamps from Umm et 'Atl. See also Zaki Aly, "Sitologia in Roman Egypt," Journal of Juristic Papyrology 5 (1950) 295-6 and plate 4 and 6. His explanation of the use of these stamps makes no distinction between those which are cut in reverse and those which are not.