1. TAPA 83 (1952) 56-73. As in the study of the granaries, the writer wishes to acknowledge the debt she owes to the Director of the F.W. Kelsey Museum of Archaeology at the University of Michigan, Dr. E.E. Peterson. Not only has he made available all the unpublished records and maps of the excavations, but he has freely shared his wide personal knowledge of the matters under discussion.
2. E.E. Peterson and A.E.R. Boak, Karanis, Topographical and Architectural Report of the Excavations during the Seasons 1924-1928 (Ann Arbor 1931) 24, 48-49, and plates XV, fig. 30, XVI, fig. 31, XXXII, fig. 64. The reader is referred to pp. 6-7 of this report also for an explanation of the various levels of occupation disclosed by the excavations, and of the numbers assigned to the buildings uncovered.
5. Information on pigeons and pigeon breeding as practiced today can be obtained from many modern handbooks on the subject. The statements here are based on Alice Macleod, Pigeon Raising (New York 1913).
16. This section of the mosaic is reproduced by M. Rostovtseff in his Social and Economic History of the Roman Empire(Oxford 1926) on Plate XLI. See also his article "Hellenistische-römische Architekturlandschaft," RM 26 (1911) 60.