Today’s reproductive justice movement is an evolving response to past oppressions as well as recent assaults on women’s rights. In 1994, the term Reproductive Justice was coined by a group of black women dissatisfied with the limited focus on “choice” that characterized reproductive rights activism. Influenced by attending the Cairo Meeting on Population and Development, which foregrounded human and women’s rights, this group, Women of African Descent for Reproductive Justice, introduced the term and laid a foundation for the movement.

Since those formative days, women of color and their allies have been advocating for reproductive justice and incorporating the frameworks of human rights, social justice, and feminist theories of intersectionality into their activism, outreach, and scholarship.

Undivided Rights: Women of Color Organize for Reproductive Justice

Silliman, J. M. (2004). Undivided Rights: Women of Color Organize for Reproductive Justice. Cambridge, Mass: South End Press. From University of Michigan Libraries.