The Cochrane Library

Description

A collection of databases that contain different types of high-quality, independent evidence to inform healthcare decision-making regarding the effectiveness of healthcare treatments and interventions, as well as methodology and diagnostic tests.

The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) is the leading resource for systematic reviews in health care.  Each Cochrane Review is a peer-reviewed systematic review that has been prepared and supervised by a Cochrane Review Group (editorial team) in The Cochrane Collaboration according to the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions or Cochrane Handbook for Diagnostic Test Accuracy Reviews.  Currently there are over 5000 Cochrane Reviews including nearly 2,000 protocols  providing an explicit description of the research methods and objectives for Cochrane Reviews in progress.  Existing Reviews are updated as new information becomes available. 

The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) includes details of published articles taken from bibliographic databases (notably MEDLINE and EMBASE), and other published and unpublished sources.  CENTRAL records include the title of the article, information on where it was published (bibliographic details) and, in many cases, a summary of the article. They do not contain the full text of the article.  About three-fifths of the records in CENTRAL are taken from MEDLINE.  Also, each Cochrane Review Group maintains and updates a collection of controlled trials relevant to its own area of interest, these are called ‘Specialized Registers’.  Each Cochrane Review Group may also collect items that are not relevant to its own field of interest; these are known as ‘Handsearch Results’.

The Cochrane Methodology Register (CMR) is a bibliography of publications that report on methods used in the conduct of controlled trials. It includes journal articles, books, and conference proceedings, and the content is sourced from MEDLINE and hand searches. CMR contains studies of methods used in reviews and more general methodological studies that could be relevant to anyone preparing systematic reviews.  CMR records contain the title of the article, information on where it was published (bibliographic details), and, in some cases, a summary of the article. CMR records do not contain the full text of the article.

The Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE) is the only database to contain abstracts of systematic reviews that have been quality-assessed.  Each abstract includes a summary of the review together with a critical commentary about the overall quality.  DARE is a key resource for busy decision-makers and can be used for answering questions about the effects of specific interventions, whether such questions arise from practice or when making policy. DARE covers a broad range of health related interventions and thousands of abstracts of reviews in fields as diverse as diagnostic tests, public health, health promotion, pharmacology, surgery, psychology, and the organization and delivery of health care.  DARE complements the CDSR by quality-assessing and summarizing reviews that have not yet been carried out by The Cochrane Collaboration.

The Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database brings together details of completed and ongoing health technology assessments (studies of the medical, social, ethical, and economic implications of healthcare interventions) from around the world. The aim of the HTA Database is to improve the quality and cost-effectiveness of health care.  The HTA database is produced by the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD) at the University of York, UK, using information obtained from members of International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment (INAHTA) and other health technology assessment organizations.

The NHS Economic Evaluation Database (EED) assists decision-makers by systematically identifying economic evaluations from around the world, appraising their quality, and highlighting their relative strengths and weaknesses.  NHS EED is produced by the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD) at the University of York, UK.

The About The Cochrane Collaboration database contains information on over 80 groups (Issue 10, 2012) that make up The Cochrane Collaboration.  You will find contacts and information on the aims and scope of the Cochrane Review Groups, Methods Groups, Fields, and Networks, along with details of your nearest Cochrane Centre as well as the Cochrane Editorial Unit and Cochrane Collaboration Secretariat.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Type
Database
Stable URL
http://www.lib.umich.edu/database/link/11791
More Information
Access
Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)Authorized UM users (+ guests in UM Libraries)
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Page maintained by Nadia Lalla
Last modified: 04/11/2014