Shelfmark:

Isl. Ms. 233

Title:

[Aṣḥāb Badr ...etc.,1200, i.e. 1785 or 1786].[اصحاب بدر ...الخ,1200ه، 1785 او 1786ه].

Place/Date of Production:

[1785 or 1786].

Size:

46 leaves :paper ;200 x 140 (132 x 84) mm.

Summary:

Exquisite calligraphic specimen in the hand of Hakkakzade Hafız Feyzullah, employing a listing of the ṣaḥābah or Companions of the Prophet who took part in the battle of Badr, followed by a prayer (munājāt) addressed to them.

Other Title(s):

Title on slipcase flap:اصحاب بدرAṣḥāb Badr min al-shuhadāʼاصحاب بدر من الشهداءMunājāt aṣḥāb Badrمناجات اصحاب بدر

Subject(s):

Badr, Battle of, Badr Ḥunayn, Saudi Arabia, 624--Early works to 1800.
Islam--Prayers and devotions--Early works to 1800.
Calligraphy, Ottoman--Specimens.
Calligraphy, Arabic--Specimens.
Writing, Arabic--Specimens.
Islamic calligraphy--Specimens.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Muḥammad,--Prophet,---632--Companions--Early works to 1800.
Muḥammad,--Prophet,---632--Companions--Prayers and devotions--Early works to 1800.

Genre:

Headpieces (layout features)18th century.

Language:

Arabic.

Notes:

Ms. codex.
Title supplied by cataloguer.
Shelfmark: Ann Arbor, University of Michigan, Special Collections Library, Isl. Ms. 233

Incipit:

Can you help transcribe the incipit? Please comment!

Explicit:

Can you help transcribe the explicit? Please comment!

Colophon:

"Scribal," reads: "كتبه المذنب حافظ فيض الله المعروف بحكاك زاده لسنة مأتين وألف من هجرة من له العز والشرف"

Dedication:

Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!

Contents:

1. p.1-p.5 : [blank].
2. p.6-p.52 : Aṣḥāb Badr.
3. p.52-p.65 Hādhā Aṣḥāb Badr min al-shuhadāʼ.
4. p.65-p.95 : Hādhā Munājāt aṣḥāb Badr.
5. p.96-p.100 : [blank].

Physical Details:
Collation:

iii, 4 V(40), III (46), iii ; quinions and a ternion ; traces of catchwords (often cut off) ; foliation in black ink, Hindu-Arabic numerals, appears at center head of the recto of some leaves (see p.25, etc.) and lower center of the verso of other leaves (see p.48, etc.) ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (some flyleaves paginated).

Layout:

For text listing the Companions, written area divided to eight panels, two columns with four panels in each column ; within each panel appears a Companion's name and benediction (tarḍiyah) in roughly three lines, for a total of eight Companions per page ; text of the munājāt written in 9 lines per page ; frame-ruled.

Script:

Exquisite specimen of Ottoman calligraphy ; a splendid naskh, seriffed, with characteristic tilt to the left, and sweeping tails on final yāʼ, alif maqṣūrah, and nūn ; fully vocalized.

Decoration:

Brilliant illuminated headpiece (ʻunwān / sarlawḥ) at opening on p.6 consisting of w-shaped piece with cartouche carrying title "هذا اصحاب بدر" in red and accented by scalloped domes in gold against a field of blue all overlaid with swirling vegetal pattern in white, pink, yellow, blue, mint green, etc. ; entire piece is set in a well of green, gold, and white bands with red and gold accents and is surmounted by vertical stalks (tīgh) ; simpler illuminated tailpieces flanking close of Aṣḥāb Badr and Aṣḥāb Badr min al-shuhadāʼon p.52 and p.65, and at opening of Aṣḥāb Badr min al-shuhadāʼ (p.52) and Munājāt aṣḥāb Badr (p.65) fine illuminated headpieces carrying the titles in red ; superbly executed illuminated tailpiece accenting close of the munājāt and colophon on p.95, consisting of cloud-bands in gold, some overlaid with vegetal decoration, as well as narrow rectangular panel with swirling vegetal decoration in shades of blue, yellow, white, and pink on a blue ground and a larger rectangular panel reminiscent of book cover design in shades of gold, pink, blue, yellow, mint green, etc. surrounded by heavy interlace border ; written area surrounded by heavy gold frame accented by narrower gold, black and red fillets ; eight panels outlined by narrow gold band ; textual dividers in the form of elaborate illuminated rosettes with accents in white, red, blue, pink, etc. appear in the text of the munājāt ; titles and benediction (tarḍiyah) following each Companion's name rubricated.

Support:

non-European laid paper with 9 laid lines per cm. (horizontal, fairly distinct), thin, crisp and transluscent though sturdy, heavily sized and burnished to glossy, beige in color ; pastedowns and flyleaves in European laid paper.

Binding:

Pasteboards covered in red leather ; Type II binding (with flap) ; pastedowns and flyleaves in silver-flecked olive-green tinted European laid paper ; upper and lower covers carry central lozenge-shaped panel in gold- and silver-tooled semé pattern of rosette stamps along with decorative border on black and red leathers consisting of two guilloché rolls accented by gold fillets ; design continues on flap ; accompanied by slipcase with tail edge and pentagonal flap (carrying title) and woven pull tape, also covered in red leather (lined in yellow paper) with scalloped mandorla and pendants filled with tooled / cut and gold-filled vegetal composition over black leather onlays, as well as rosette stamp and stroke accents and guilloché roll border flanked by gold fillets ; sewn in pink thread, four stations ; worked chevron endbands in pink and cream, good condition ; overall in good condition with only minor abrasion at edges, repairs to joints and hinges in Japanese paper ; both volume and slipcase housed in custom box.

Former Shelfmarks:

"476 T. De M. [i.e. Tammaro De Marinis]" inscribed in pencil on verso of front flyleaf ; "40" inscribed in pencil on 'title page' (p.5).

Origin:

As appears in colophon on p.95, executed by Hakkakzade Hafız Feyzullah with transcription completed in the year 1200 [1785 or 6].

Ownership and History:

Inscriptions in pencil on verso of front flyleaf "476 T. De M. [i.e. Tammaro De Marinis]" and 'title page' (p.5) "40" ; clean copy.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Aṣḥāb Badr min al-shuhadāʼاصحاب بدر من الشهداءMunājāt aṣḥāb Badrمناجات اصحاب بدر

Scribe(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

Abdülhamid II, Sultan of the Turks, 1842-1918, former owner.

Calligrapher:

04 Hakkakzade Hafız Feyzullah, fl. 1785, calligrapher. 04 حكاك زاده حافظ فيض الله، خطاط.

Collection:

Abdul Hamid Collection.

References:

Serin, Muhittin. “Amerika Birleşik Devletleri’ndeki Bazı Kütüphanelerde Bulunan İslam El Yazma Eserleri ve Michigan Üniversitesi II. Abdülhamid Koleksiyonu,” Akademik Araştırmalar Dergisi 2, 4-5, (2000).Binney, Edwin, 3rd. Turkish treasures from the collection of Edwin Binney, 3rd. (Portland, OR, Portland Art Museum, 1979),no. 76, pp.114-115.

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on August 2, 2012
Tags: Abdul Hamid Collection, Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued

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