Isl. Ms. 334


Kitāb-i Tuhfat al-aḥrār,[975, i.e. 1568].کتاب تحفة الاحرار,[975ه, 1568م].



Place/Date of Production:



63 leaves ([128] p.) :paper ;227 x 123 (142 x 61) mm.


Tuhfat al-Aḥrār, composed in 886/1481, is the third of seven masnavīs (long poem in rhymed couplets) that make up Jāmī's Haft Awrang (Seven Thrones). This work is a didactic poem, presenting ethical and moral advice in twenty discourses, each accompanied by illustrative anecdotes. The final discourse offers counsel to the poet's own son (contribution by D. Mancini-Lander).

Other Title(s):

Title from spine label:تحفة الاحرار لمولانا جامىTitle from inscriptions on front flyleaf:تحفة الاحرار


Persian poetry--747-1500.
Masnavis, Persian--Early works to 1800.
Sufi poetry, Persian--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Persian--Michigan--Ann Arbor.


Headpieces (layout features)16th century.




Ms. codex.
Title from illuminated headpiece (ʻunwān / sarlawḥ) at opening.


"حامدا لمن جعل جنان کل عارف مخزن اسرار كماله ولسان کل واضح مطلع انوار جماله ..."


"مهر نه خاتمۀ این خطاب شد رقم خاتم تم الکتاب "


"Scribal," triangular, mainly in Arabic, reads: "والحمد لله الكريم الجواد والصلوة على محمد وآله خير العباد وسلم تسليما كثيرا كثيرا فى تاريخ ١٧ شعبان المعظم سنه ٩٧٥ تم تم تم تم تم تم"


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:

i, 7 IV(56), IV-1 (63) ; exclusively quaternions ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes front flyleaf).


Written in 15 lines per page ; frame-ruled.


Text written in black nastaʻlīq script (contribution by D. Mancini-Lander).


Exquisite illuminated headpiece (ʻunwān / sarlawḥ) at opening on p.4 consisting of rectangular piece with gold cartouche (overlaid with delicate black vegetal designs) carrying title in white riqāʻ "کتاب تحفة الاحرار" set off by similar pendants and accent pieces in black and red on a lapis lazuli ground all covered with swirling vegetal designs in gold with red, yellow, and white floral accents, surrounded by a heavy band of gold interlace defined by red and white (with black crosses) and surmounted by a heavy band of black with further swirling vegetal designs, itself surmounted by a framed triangular piece or hasp in gold and lapis lazuli with similar swirling vegetal designs, all surmounted by vertical stalks (tīgh) in lapis lazuli ; headings and keywords rubricated ; written area surrounded by frame of gold with turquoise and blue rules.


non-European (likely Persian) laid paper with 7-8 laid lines per cm. (vertical, curved and somewhat indistinct) and no chain lines clearly visible, well-burnished, dark cream in color ; staining and tide lines.


Pasteboards covered in dark brown leather ; Type III binding (without flap) ; doublures in marbled paper (mainly in pale orange and dark blue) ; upper and lower covers carry stamped and gold-painted mandorla (filled with assymetrical vegetal composition, compare Déroche class. OAi2 1) and pendants as well as gold-painted accents, tooled rosettes and tooled borders (single rule and series of s-shaped stamps) ; sewn in cream thread, two stations ; worked chevron endbands in pale green and brown, fair condition with some damage ; overall in somewhat poor condition with abrasion, lifting and losses of leather, losses at board corners, etc. ; repairs (rehinged) in pink paper.

Accompanying Materials:

Scrap with line in pencil "ديوان شاه نقشبندى قدس سره" (paginated pp.32A-32B).

Former Shelfmarks:

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!


As appears in colophon on p.126, transcription completed 17 Shaʻbān 975 [ca. 16 February 1568]. Authorial colophon preceding scribal colophon (also on p.126) indicates that composition was completed in Ramaḍān (و اتمام انتظام اين نسخه در ماه تسبيح وشهر تراويح منتظم در سلك شهور سنه سته وثمانين وثمان مايه لا زال مباركا على فيه اتفاق افتاد) 886 [1481].

Ownership and History:

Effaced ownership statement on front flyleaf (p.1) ; ownership statement and octagonal seal impression (both mostly effaced) on 'title page' (p.3) ; scalloped almond-shaped seal impression in upper margin of incipit page (p.4).

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

Abdülhamid II, Sultan of the Turks, 1842-1918, former owner.

In Collection:

Abdul Hamid Collection.


Browne,v. iii, p. 515-16, 526-8Rypka,p. 286-8

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on August 2, 2012
Tags: Abdul Hamid Collection, Fully Catalogued, Persian MSS

Total comments on this page: 0

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