Isl. Ms. 431


[Arbaʻīn-i Jāmī,early 16th century?].[اربعین جامی,آغاز قرن 16م؟].



Place/Date of Production:



8 leaves :paper ;190 x 127 (140 x 72) mm.


Exquisite copy of Jāmī's verse paraphrase of forty ḥadīth, possibly executed by renowned Timurid calligrapher Sulṭān ʻAlī Mashhadī (d.1520).

Other Title(s):

Tarjamah-ʼi manẓūm-i chihil ḥadīs̲ترجمۀ منظوم چهل حدیثاربعين جامى


Hadith--Texts--Early works to 1800.
Hadith--Criticism, interpretation, etc.--Early works to 1800.
Hadith--Poetry--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Manuscripts, Persian--Michigan--Ann Arbor.


Headpieces (layout features)16th century.


Arabic and Persian.


Ms. codex.
Title supplied by cataloguer.


"صحیح ترین حدیثى که راویان مجالس دین ... این چهل کلمه است ازان کلمات که سهولت فهم و حفظ را بنظم فارسی ترجمه گر ده مي آید امید ... لا يؤمن احدكم حتى يحب لاخيه ما يحب لنفسه هر کسی را لقب مکن مؤمن گرچه از سعی جان وتن کاهد ..."


"ومن كلامه صلى الله عليه و آله لا يشبع المؤمن من دون جاره هر که در خطه مسلمانی باشد از نقد دین گر انمایه ... تمت ترجمه هذه الاربعين بتوفيق من هو ناصر ومعين سنه ست و ثمانين و ثمانمائة متع الله بها كل فريق فيه و الحمد لله على الاتمام و الصلوه و السلام على محمد و آله البررة الكرام اربعینهاى سالکان جامی هست بهر وصول صدر قبول منست از فضل حق عجیب و غریب که بدین اربعین رسی بوصول"


"Scribal," reads "احقر العباد سلطان على"


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:

ii, IV (8), ii ; single quaternion ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization.


Written in roughly 9 lines per page, three of ḥadīth text and six of the Persian verse paraphrase with the hemistiches of four lines of verse divided and arranged on the diagonal ; written area divided to set off the ḥadīth text and elucidation ; frame-ruled.


Nastaʻlīq ; elegant hand ; serifless with characteristic descent of words to baseline and superscripting of final words and letters ; elongation of horizontal strokes.


Elegant illuminated headpiece (ʻunwān) at opening on p.2 consisting of rectangular piece with empty gold cartouche and surrounding floral vegetal accents in gold, red, lavender, orange, pink, light blue, white, etc. on a field of lapis lazuli bordered in bands of lapis, gold and orange-red, surmounted by a scalloped triangular piece or hasp set in a narrow rectangular piece continuing the floral vegetal design and itself surmounted by vertical stalks (tīgh) in lapis lazuli ; written area throughout surrounded by frame in bands of green and gold with outermost blue rule ; panels within written area (and entire written area of incipit page) gold-flecked ; ḥadīth text in light-blue and white ink.


Written area mounted in lovely silhouette paper (floral designs in pink) in leaves of non-European (likely Persian) laid paper with 8 laid lines per cm. (horizontal, fairly distinct) and no chain lines visible, thin and transluscent though sturdy, well-burnished ; some staining and tide lines.


Pasteboards covered in dark purple leather ; Type III binding (without flap) ; pastedowns and flyleaves in light-blue textured paper ; upper and lower covers bear gold-painted central floral motif with tooled borders in gold (two different shades) ; sewn in heavy yellow thread, four stations ; overall in fair condition with some abrasion, lifting and losses of leather and paper, etc.

Former Shelfmarks:

"450 T. De M. [i.e. Tammaro De Marinis]" inscribed in pencil on verso of both front flyleaves.


As appears in colophon on p.16, executed by Sulṭān ʻAlī [possibly Sulṭān ʻAlī Mashhadī?] ; date of transcription not specified ; decoration, hand, etc. suggest early 16th century.

Ownership and History:

Fairly clean copy.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!


07 Sulṭān ʻAlī, scribe. 07 سلطان علي، ناسخ.

Former Owner(s):

Abdülhamid II, Sultan of the Turks, 1842-1918, former owner.

In Collection:

Abdul Hamid Collection.


Cat. Pers. MSS. Brit. Mus.,p. 17Bayānī, Mahdī. Aḥvāl va āsār-i khūshʹnavīsān : nastaʻlīq navīsān. [Tehran] : Dānishgāh-i Tihrān, 1345 [1966],v.1 pp.241-266Soucek, Priscilla. "The Arts of Calligraphy." In The Arts of the book in Central Asia: 14th-16th centuries. Ed. Basil Gray. (Boulder, CO: Shambhala Publications, 1979):7-34Blair, Sheila. Islamic Calligraphy. (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2006),pp.280-286Gandjeï, T. "Sulṭān Ḥusayn,"EI2.

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Posted by evyn on April 19, 2012
Tags: Abdul Hamid Collection, Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Persian MSS

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