Isl. Ms. 1009


[al-Qurʼān,late 18th or early 19th century?].[القرآن,اواخر القرن 18 او اوائل القرن 19م؟].

Uniform Title:


Place/Date of Production:



223 leaves :paper ;233 x 143 mm.


Splendidly illuminated Mughal copy of the Qurʼān (muṣḥaf) with marginal commentary in Persian.

Other Title(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!


Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Manuscripts, Persian--Michigan--Ann Arbor.


Arabic and Persian.


Ms. codex.
Title supplied by cataloguer.


Can you help transcribe the incipit? Please comment!


Can you help transcribe the explicit? Please comment!


Can you help transcribe the colophon? Please comment!


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:

iii, I (2), 12 IV(98), I (100), 7 IV(156), I (158), IV (166), 2 III(178), I+1 (181), 4 IV(213), III (219), 2 I(223), iii ; chiefly quaternions ; middle of the quire marks in the form of black oblique strokes in upper outer and lower outer corners of the center opening of each quire ; final single bifolium ruled but left blank ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes flyleaves).


Written mainly in 18 lines per page, with roughly 46 lines of commentary on the diagonal in the ruled margins ; frame-ruled.


Naskh and nastaʻlīq ; elegant Indian hands in a heavy line ; Qurʼānic text in a fine, bold naskh, partially but somewhat irregularly seriffed (occasional right-sloping head-serif appearing on lām of definite article, barbed left-sloping serif on alif of lām-alif ligature, etc.), fairly vertical though with occasional very slight effect of tilt to the left, curvilinear descenders (some sweeping), pointing in distinct dots, fully vocalized ; marginal commentary in a bold, compact and well-formed nastaʻlīq, serifless with slight effect of words descending to baseline, some elongation of horizontal strokes, kāf mashkūlah (mashqūqah) preferred, pointing in distinct or conjoined dots, mainly closed counters.


Splendid double-page illumination (illuminated 'frontispiece') at opening (pp.8-9) consisting of a series of scalloped domes in gold filled with floral vegetal designs in gold with black outline on a bright blue ground defined by heavy borders in bands of gold, black with white accents, and gold interlaced with red, blue and green accents, written area (in 8 lines per page with the Fātiḥah and opening of Sūrat al-Baqarah) is flanked by upper and lower rectangular pieces with gold cartouches (carrying the sūrah headings in blue riqāʻ or naskh, not extensively ligatured) and set off by gold floral accents on a bright blue ground ; similar double-page illumination at opening of Sūrat al-Isrāʼ / Juzʼ 15 (pp.204-205) and at close (pp.446-7) though here design affects a larger scalloped dome with cornerpieces and accommodates fewer lines in the written area (6 per page) with larger flanking upper and lower rectangular pieces (gold cartouches also lack sūrah headings) ; sūrah headings in blue and typically outlined in black bands with white accents ; written area and ruled margin throughout surrounded by frame in a series of gold bands defined by black fillets with outermost blue rule ; Qurʼānic text executed on bands of gold defined by black fillets and separated at some distance from one another (in other manuscripts has contained interlinear translation) ; marginal decorations in gold and blue mark ajzāʼ ; marginal juzʼ headings, notabilia (marking niṣf, thulth, etc.), abbreviation marks, mainly curved strokes and sigla for pauses "ط", large "ع" in margin to indicate bowing (rukūʻ), etc. and keywords in the commentary (mainly text being commented upon) are all rubricated ; verse dividers in the form of small red dots or discs ; text of commentary set off by gold cloudbands with floral accents in gold on blue grounds in the triangular spaces at the corners and center of the marginal area.


non-European (likely Indian) laid paper with 11 laid lines per cm. (vertical) and no chain lines visible for the most part ; grey in tone and fairly translucent ; only slight curving of laid lines.


Boards covered in dark green leather ; Type III binding (without flap) ; upper pastedown and flyleaf in a shell 'marbled' paper (mainly in blue and brown), lower pastedown and fly leaf in untinted paper ; upper and lower covers gold-tooled in mitred-panel style with vegetal borders and three floral sprays in the central panel ; spine gold-stamped "SS" ; worked chevron endbands in red and yellow, in quite good condition ; overall in poor condition with upper cover fully detached, minor abrasion, lifting of leather at spine, etc.

Former Shelfmarks:

Mich. Isl. Ms. temp. no. 158


Lacks dated colophon though manner of calligraphy, decoration, layout, etc. characteristic of the Qurʼānic manuscripts produced in Kashmir in the latter 18th and early 19th century (see Bayani, et al. pp.228-57 and Blair, pp.550-52).

Ownership and History:

Possible former inventory mark on verso of front flyleaf (p.2) ; UM library inscription on inner front flyleaf "SS-3849 | Quaritch | Spaulding Fund 5-16-1957" ; effaced oval seal impression on 'title page' (p.7) ; Persian commentary glossed in ruled margins ; effaced oval seal impression on verso of blank leaf at close (p.450).

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

In Collection:

Stephen Spaulding Collection.


Bayani, Manijeh, Anna Contadini & Tim Stanley. The decorated word: Qur'ans of the 17th to 19th Centuries. London, 1999.pp.228-57Blair, Sheila. Islamic calligraphy. Edinburgh, 2006.pp.550-52

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on February 7, 2011
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Stephen Spaulding MSS

Total comments on this page: 0

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