Isl. Ms. 890


Ḥadīqat al-irshād,[early 19th century].حدیقة الارشاد,[آغاز قرن 19م].


Akhtar, Muḥammad Ṣādiqاختر، محمد صادق.

Place/Date of Production:



148 leaves :paper ;220 x 115 (185 x 70) mm. bound to 225 x 125 mm.


Fine copy of a treatise on the art of composition by Muḥammad Ṣādiq Khān, known as Akhtar (d.1858?).

Other Title(s):

حجيقة الارشادHadiqat ul Irshad


Persian language--Style.
Persian language--Composition and exercises.
Manuscripts, Persian--Michigan--Ann Arbor.




Ms. codex.
Title from inscription on 'title page' (p.9).


"بانشای سپاس بدیع نگاری رگ ابر قلم تردست ..."


"ر اتمامي حاصل آید بخیر دیگر حاجت مند شود"


"Authorial," rectangular, reads "الحمد لله و المنة که بقدر یافت و استعدادی ... در ماه ربیع الثانی سنه ۱۲۲۶ هزار و دو صد بیست و شش هجرى قدسی بموجب ارشاد کرامت ... نصیر الدوله فارس الملک نواب محمد علیخان بهادر سپهدار جنگ ... تمت تمام شد"


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:

iv, 12 IV(96), III (102), 5 IV(142), III (148), i ; amost exclusively quaternions except for two ternions ; middle of the quire marks in the form of short black strokes in the upper outer corner of the right-hand leaf and lower-outer corner of the left-hand leaf ; several leaves at opening left blank ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes flyleaves and mistakenly repeats p.242 two additional times).


Written in 15 lines per page, occasionally divided to two columns ; frame-ruled.


Nastaʻlīq ; elegant, spacious, Indian [?] hand ; serifless with dramatic effect of words descending to baseline, elongation of horizontal strokes, pointing (two and three dots) mainly in strokes rather than distinct dots, some free assimilation of letters.


Keywords and headings rubricated ; textual dividers in the form of inverted commas ; overlining in red ; overlining with two-teeth stroke in red ; a table (جدول) on p.283 and a few other diagrams.


non-European (likely Indian or Persian) laid paper with roughly 11 laid lines per cm. (mainly horizontal, somewhat indistinct, curving) and occasional chain lines, cloudy formation, inclusions and fibers visible, thin and transluscent though sturdy, dark cream in color, burnished ; some pest damage and repairs (fills) ; blocking between pp.244-245.


Boards covered in orange-red cloth with dark brown leather over spine and board corners (half binding) ; Western style binding ; pastedowns and flyleaves in untinted wove paper ; leather blind-tooled with toothed border ; spine gold-stamped with title "HADIQAT | UL | IRSHAD" and rules defining raised bands ; edges of text block flecked with red ; sewn over five recessed cords ; stuck-on endbands in red and yellow ; overall in fair condition with some abrasion and deterioration of spine leather, etc.

Accompanying Materials:

a. Slip with note "Counted for 1968/69 Annual Report" -- b. Slip with note "Persian MSS (Heyworth-Dunne?) with Husselman and Meredith-Owen notes" -- c. Scrap with description in black ink "Muḥammad Ṣādiḳ Khān called Akhhan ? | Hadīḳat al Irshād. A treatise on the art of composition. AH. 1226 = A.D. 1811" -- d. Slip with description (in hand of E. Husselman ?) "Muẖammad Ṣādiḳ Khan, called Akhbar | Hadiḳat al-Irshād | n.f. in BMCat. Pers. bks or MSS | Not in U. of M. MSS. | 148 ff. | 295 pp." -- e. Slip with description in hand of G. Meredith-Owens "MO 20 Ḥadīqat al-irshād by Muḥammad Ṣādiq Khān called Akhbār (?). A treatise on the art of composition" -- f. Slip or tag with "#3" in red pencil -- g. Page torn from Luzac & Co. catalog, 1908, 'Books on Modern Persian Literature,' with description of this manuscript "237 MOHAMMAD SĀDIK KHAN, called AKHBAR. Hadikat al Irshād. A treatise on the Art of Composition. Persian MS. Roy. 8vo. 8s. 6d. Dated 1811"

Former Shelfmarks:

Mich. Isl. Ms. temp. no. 39


Lacks dated scribal colophon ; date of composition and dedication (executed for Naṣīr al-Dawlah Fāris al-Mulk Navvāb Muḥammad ʻAlīʹkhān Bahādur Sipahdār Jang / نصير الدوله فارس الملك نواب محمد عليخان بهادر سپهدار جنگ ) appear in authorial colophon on p.300, Rabīʻ II 1226 [1811] ; date in octagonal seal impression provides only a very approximate terminus ante quem of 1864 ; paper, etc. suggest 19th century.

Ownership and History:

Possible former inventory marks in pencil "MS | 1906" and "8 / 6" on verso of front flyleaf (p.2) ; listing of imāms on p.3 ; title and former inventory number in pencil on 'title page' (p.9) "No. 122 Hadiqat ul Irshad MSS." ; octagonal seal impression in name of Mumtāz Ḥusayn Khān, apparently dated 1280 [1863 or 4] on incipit page (p.10) ; on back flyleaf (p.304), stamp in name of James O'Kinealy (1837-1903), reads "J. O'KINEALY." in purple ink, repeated on lower pastedown ; occasional marginal corrections.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

05 Mumtāz Ḥusayn Khān, fl. 1863, former owner. O'Kinealy, J. (James) former owner. Nuttall, Frank E., 1875-1943, former owner. ممتاز حسين خان, مالك سابق.

In Collection:

F. E. Nuttall Collection.

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on February 2, 2011
Tags: F. E. Nuttall Collection, Fully Catalogued, Persian MSS

Total comments on this page: 0

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