Isl. Ms. 407


[Dīvān-i Khvājah-i Salmān ...etc.,823, i.e. 1420].[دیوان خواجه سلمان ...الخ,823ه, 1420م].


Salmān Sāvajī,d. 1376.سلمان ساوجى.

Place/Date of Production:



293 leaves :paper ;250 x 175 (153 x 92, 219 x 129 including ruled margins) mm.


Elegant majmūʻah containing an early copy of the Dīvān or collected poems of Jamāl al-Dīn Salmān Sāvājī (d.1376), the renowned panegyrist of the Jalāyirids, along with excerpts from the dīvāns of Ḥāfiẓ, Kamāl, and ʻIsmat on the ruled margins.

Other Title(s):

Poemsاشعارمحموعه اشعار


Persian poetry--747-1500.
Manuscripts, Persian--Michigan--Ann Arbor.


Headpieces (layout features)15th century.




Ms. codex.
Title supplied by cataloguer from collation statement at close on p.584.


[Dīvān-i Khvājah-i Salmān] "هر دل که در هوای جمالش مجال یافت عنقای همتش دو جهان زیر بال یافت ..."


Can you help transcribe the explicit? Please comment!


"Scribal," triangular, reads "تم الديوان على يد الفقير الحقير اقل عباد الله المجيب فرصت غريب فى الثالث من رمضان المبارك لسنه ثلاث وعشرين وثمانمائه الهجرية ٨٢٣"


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


1. p.2- p.584 : Dīvān-i Khvājah-i Salmān / Jamāl al-Dīn Salmān Sāvājī.
2. p.2-p.221 : Dīvān-i Ḥāfiẓ / Ḥāfiẓ.
3. p.222-p.473 : Dīvān-i Shaykh Kamāl al-Khujandī / Kamāl Khujandī.
4. p.474-p.549 : Dīvān-i Khvājah ʻIsmat / Khvājah ʻNaṣīr al-Dīn ʻIṣmat Samarqandī.

Physical Details:

i, IV-1 (7), 6 IV(55), III (61), 29 IV(293), ii ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes back flyleaf and skips two pages between pp.545-546).


Varies ; at opening of codex written with mainly 21 lines per page (divided into two columns) in the central written area and as many as 40 lines on the diagonal ; at close of codex written mainly in 14 lines per page ; frame-ruled.


Naskh ; compact hand in a medium line ; virtually serifless and fairly vertical with elongation of horizontal strokes, some sweeping descenders, rāʼ somewhat elongated and slightly reversed, many closed counters, pointing mainly in strokes rather than distinct dots, occasionally kāf is written as vertical stroke with miniature kāf seated above (effect of the whole being resemblance to hamzah seated on alif), interesting form of dāl-rāʼ (در) in which rāʼ is nested in dāl and 'horizontal' stroke of dāl is angled and parallel to stroke of rāʼ ; most headings in any elegant, highly ligatured tawqīʻ.


Superb double-page illuminated at opening (pp.2-3) consisting of four rectangular pieces carrying verses in gold tawqīʻ and ornamented with delicate floral motifs and a border of lozenges mainly in blue, gold and white above and below the central written area (also bordered in lozenges with delicate vegetal designs in gold) ; further illuminated cartouches carrying headings (in particular at openings of dīvāns of Ḥāfiẓ, Kamāl, and ʻIsmat on pp.2, 222, and 474) appear in the margin ; additional illuminated headpiece (ʻunwān / sarlawḥ) at opening of ghazals on p.380, consisting of rectangular piece with cartouche carrying heading in gold "غزليات مولانا جمال الدين سلمان" surrounded by delicate floral vegetal motifs in shades of blue, pink, white, gold, red, etc. on grounds of blue, black, etc. ; written area, margins and divisions within defined by narrow gold bands outlined by black fillets ; keywords and headings chrysographed ; textual dividers in the form of illuminated rosettes ; illuminated arabesques accent margins.


non-European laid paper with 8-9 laid lines per cm. (vertical or horizontal, fairly indistinct) and no chain lines visible, cloudy formation, quite crisp, thin and trasluscent though sturdy, well-burnished ; staining and tidelines.


Pasteboards faced in fine silk textile (in red with green stripes defining rectangular panels containing floral motifs) with dark red leather over spine, fore edge, and edges / turn-ins (silk faced and leather edged framed binding) ; accompanied by slipcase faced in black coated and textured paper (embosed with scroll / interlace pattern) and edged in dark maroon leather, lined in printed marbled paper and fitted with yellow woven pull cord ; Type II binding (with flap) ; pastedowns and flyleaves in bright red coated and textured paper (embossed with a scroll / interlace pattern virtually identical to that on the slipcase) ; decorative border on leather of upper and lower covers consisting of tooled and gold-painted band in chain pattern and gold and white-painted dome and stroke accents ; fore edge and envelope flaps are similarly decorated ; flap of slipcase carries contents ("اسامى ديوانچها كه در اين مجموعه ديوان سلمان حاشو ديوان حافظ ديوان كمال ديوان عصمت") with the four titles set among vegetal decoration (painted in gold, slate blue and white) ; gold-painted vegetal pattern on edges of text block ; sewn in red thread, two stations ; worked chevron endbands in yellow and pink, in fair condition though tail band is detaching due to damage to primaries ; overall in fairly good condition with pest damage at spine, minor abrasion to fore edge flap, etc.

Former Shelfmarks:

"97 T. De M. [i.e. Tammaro De Marinis]" inscribed in pencil on verso of front flyleaf ; "٢٢٧" on tail edge of text block.


As appears in colophon on p.584, transcription of Dīvān-i Khvājah-i Salmān completed 3 Ramaḍān 823 [ca. 11 September 1420]. As appears in colophon in margin on p.221, transcription of Dīvān-i Ḥāfiẓ completed 20 Ramaḍān 823 [ca. 28 September 1420].

Ownership and History:

Inscription in pencil on verso of front flyleaf "97 T. D. M. [T. Dell?]" ; collation statement at close on p.584 "اوراق ديوان خواجه سلمان ٢٩٢" ; fairly clean copy.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

05--Ḥāfiẓ,--14th cent.--Poems.--Selections.
06--Kamāl Khujandī,--d. ca. 1400.--Poems.--Selections
06--كمال خجندى.--ديوان.--منتخبات
07--Naṣīr al-Dīn ʻIṣmat Samarqandī.--Poems.--Selections
07--نصير الدين عصمت سمرقندى.--ديوان.--منتخبات


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

Abdülhamid II, Sultan of the Turks, 1842-1918, former owner.

In Collection:

Abdul Hamid Collection.


Glünz, M. "Salmān-iSāwad̲j̲ī." In EI2,vol. VIII, p.997, col. 1Browne, LHP,iii, 260-71Rypka. History of Iranian lit.,p. 261

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Posted by evyn on January 31, 2011
Tags: Abdul Hamid Collection, Fully Catalogued, Turkish MSS

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February 29, 2012 1:23 am

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