Isl. Ms. 855
Haza Kitab-ı Hadikatü's-süada,[1000, i.e. 1592].هذا كتاب حديقة السعدا,[1000ه, 1592م].
Fuzulî,1495?-1556.فضولى بغدادى،محمد بن سليمان.
Place/Date of Production:
312 leaves :paper ;230 x 155 (152 x 84) mm.
Elegant composite copy of Fuzulî’s rendering of the suffering of the prophets, particularly Imām Ḥusayn in the tragedy at Karbalāʼ, drawn from Ḥusayn Vāʻiẓ Kāshifī’s Rawz̤at al-shuhadāʼ, a Persian martyrology of ʻAlī and his family.
Ḥadīqat al-suʻadāحديقة السعداءEdge title (head):حديقة السعداHadikatü's-süadaHadikatüssuadaHadikat üs-süadâ
Suffering--Religious aspects--Islam--Early works to 1800.
Karbalāʼ, Battle of, Karbalāʼ, Iraq, 680--Poetry--Early works to 1800.
Muslim martyrs--Biography--Early works to 1800.
Imams (Shiites)--Biography--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Turkish--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Headpieces (layout features)17th centuryaat
Ms. composite codex.
Title from inscription above headpiece at opening on p.2.
"يا رب ره عشقنده بنى شيدا قيل احكام عبادتى بكا اجرا قيل ..."
"كل اى حال تكلمدن خبردار ترحم قيل تعرض اتمه زنهار"
"Scribal," triangular, reads "تمت الكتاب بعون الملك الوهاب تحريرا فى چهار شنبه اربع وعشرين من شهر شعبان المعظم سنه الف كاتبه الفقير الحقير كثير التقصير حافظ ابو الفتح بن قاضى ضياء الدين محمد رازى غفر ذنوبهما"
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i, IV-1+1 (8), IV+1 (17), IV (25), IV-1 (32), 4 IV(64), III (70), 23 IV(254), III+1 (261), 6 IV(309), I+1 (312), i ; almost exclusively quaternions ; catchwords present, plainly visible in opening section (through p.50) but mainly cutoff in bulk of codex (p.50 to close) ; foliation in black ink, Hindu-Arabic numerals ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes back flyleaf).
Written in 14 lines per page ; frame-ruled.
Nastaʻlīq (talik) ; two elegant hands ; both serifless with slight effect of words descending to baseline, elongation of horizontal strokes, mainly closed counters, pointing in distinct or conjoined dots ; hand supplying replacement section at opening (pp.1-50) slightly finer, larger and more compact along the line with large, open and sometimes sweeping descenders, and exaggerated elongation of some horizontal strokes.
Illuminated headpiece (ʻunwān / sarlawḥ) at opening on p.2 consisting of scalloped dome filled with floral vegetal composition in gold, set in a well of pink, blue and gold bands and surmounted by vertical stalks (tīgh) in red and blue ; written area throughout surrounded by a gold frame defined by black fillets with outermost blue rule ; textual dividers in the form of gold discs on incipit page ; keywords and headings rubricated (red inks of each section distinct).
non-European (likely Persian) laid paper with roughly 9 laid lines per cm. (horizontal, quite faint and indistinct) and occasional chain lines faintly visible, cloudy formation, inclusions and fibers visible, thin though quite sturdy, lightly burnished, dark cream to beige in color, some staining and tide lines ; replacement leaves of opening section (through p.50) in European laid paper with roughly 8 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 29-30 mm. apart (horizontal) and watermarks of lion passant guardant (see p.6,7, 22, 32, 46, 50, etc.) and "AFG" (see p.4,9, 26, etc. i.e. Antonio et Fratelli Galvani, see pp.88-89 in Walz, "The paper trade of Egypt and the Sudan" and compare Eineder nos. 997, 1007, etc. dated 1807), medium cream with a yellow hue, sturdy, and well-burnished ; flyleaves also in European laid paper.
Pasteboards covered in a cut velvet printed with a colorful floral pattern incorporating boteh (بوته) and other designs (in shades of blue, red, yellow, and green on grounds of red, white and dark blue) with spine, fore edge flap and edges / turn-ins in dark brown leather ; Type II binding (with flap) ; pastedowns and flyleaves in pink-tinted, gold-flecked laid paper ; upper and lower covers carry tooled and gold-painted border ; fore edge flap carries gold-painted designs ; envelope flap also covered in cut velvet ; sewn in dark pink to mauve thread, two stations ; worked chevron endbands in pink and white, fairly good condition ; overall in fair condition though upper cover fully detached, some staining and losses to textile, minor abrasion and staining of leather, etc. ; housed in box for protection.
a. Pink card with typed description "[Muḥammad ibn Suleimān, Fuẓulī, d. c. 1562] | Ḥadīqat al-suʻadāʼ. | Turkish. Ms." -- b. Bits of unused "gold" leaf found between pp.384-385 and 412-413 -- c. Pen shaving found between pp.508-509.
Mich. Isl. Ms. temp. no. 4
As appears in colophon on p.624, bulk of manuscript (p.51 to close) copied by Ḥāfiẓ Abū al-Fatḥ ibn Qāḍī Ḍiyāʼ al-Dīn Muḥammad Rāzī (Hafız Ebülfatih b. Kadı Ziyaettin Mehmet Razi) with transcription completed 24 Shaʻbān 1000 [ca. 5 June 1592]. Replacement section (first three gatherings, through p.50) likely dates to early 19th century (ca. 1807-1830) as suggested by paper, hand, and decoration.
Ownership and History:
On recto of back flyleaf (p.625) accession details in pencil "Rare Book Room | Gift | Source Unknown | 12-11-54" ; a few marginal notes.
Contributor(s) / Included work(s):
08--Kāshifī, Ḥusayn Vāʻiẓ,--d. 1504 or 5.--Rawz̤at al-shuhadā.
08--كاشفي، حسين واعظ.--روضة الشهداء.
07 Ḥāfiẓ Abū al-Fatḥ ibn Qāḍī Ḍiyāʼ al-Dīn Muḥammad Rāzī, fl. 1592, scribe. 07 حافظ ابو الفتح بن قاضى ضياء الدين محمد رازى, ناسخ.
Nuttall, Frank E., 1875-1943, former owner.
Rawz̤at al-shuhadā.روضة الشهداء.
F. E. Nuttall Collection.
Cat. Turk. MSS. Brit. Mus.,p.39 f.EI2, "Fuḍūlī , Muḥammad b. Sulaymān,"vol. II, p. 937, col. 1Walz, Terence. "The paper trade of Egypt and the Sudan in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries and its re-export to the Bilad as-Sudan." In The trans-Saharan book trade: manuscript culture, Arabic literacy, and intellectual history in Muslim Africa. Graziano Krätli and Ghislaine Lydon, Eds. (Leiden : Brill, 2011):73-108.Eineder, Georg. The ancient paper-mills of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire and their watermarks. Hilversum, Holland: Paper Publications Society, 1960.
Posted by evyn on December 7, 2010
Tags: F. E. Nuttall Collection, Fully Catalogued, Turkish MSS