Isl. Ms. 961


Hādhā Kitāb Fayṣal al-tafriqah bayna al-Islām wa-al-zandaqah,[1294, i.e. 1877].هذا كتاب فيصل التفرقة بين الاسلام والزندقة,[1294ه، 1877م].



Place/Date of Production:



30 leaves :paper ;252 x 174 (160 x 90) mm. bound to 257 x 178 mm.


Fine copy of al-Ghazālī's (d.1111) concise treatise of dogmatic theology, partly directed against the Bāṭinīyah (i.e. the Ismāʻīlīs), but primarily a defense of his own views on taʼwīl, and on tawātur and ijmāʻ as sources of religious knowledge (see Watt, "al-G̲H̲azālī" in EI2).

Other Title(s):

Fayṣal al-tafriqah bayna al-Islām wa-al-zandaqahفيصل التفرقة بين الاسلام والزندقةفيصل التفرقة


Islam--Doctrines--Early works to 1800.
Ismailites--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.




Ms. codex.
Title supplied by cataloguer.


"قال الامام ابو حامد محمد بن محمد بن محمد الغزالي رحمه الله احمد الله تعالى استسلاما لعزته واستتماما لنعمته واستغناما ما لتوفيقه وطاعته ... اما بعد فاني رأيتك ايها الاخ الشفيق والصديق المتعصب موعور الصدر منقسم الفكر لما قرع سمعك من طائفة من الحسدة على بعض كتبنا المصنفة في اسرار معاملات الدين وزعمهم ..."


"وعلى القانون الذي ينبغي ان يتبع فيها فاقنع به والسلام"


"Scribal," reads "وكان الفراغ من كتابة هذه النسخة النفيسة يوم السبت الموافق ثلاثة وعشرون من [شعبان] سنة اربعة وتسعون ومائتان [كذا] بعد الالف من هجرة سيد المرسلين على يد كاتبها الفقير مصطفى ابراهيم خادم الاستاذ الخلوتي واغفر اللهم لكاتبها ولقارئها ولسامعها ولكافة المسلمين اجمعين امين وهذه النسخة منقولة من نخسة موجودة بالكتبخانة الخديوية بمصر المحروسة بسراى درب الجماميز"


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:

i, 3 V(30), i (originally), exclusively quinions ; now pulled / disbound with conjugate leaves divided ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes front flyleaf).


Written in 17 lines per page ; frame-ruled.


Naskh ; elegant Ottoman hand in a medium line ; mainly serifless with effect of tilt to the left, curvilinear descenders, pointing in distinct dots, final yāʼ often unpointed.


Keywords rubricated.


Brown machine wove paper, extremely brittle.


Boards covered in black cloth ; Western style binding ; pastedowns and flyleaves printed in a geometric design resembling a scale pattern in dark maroon ; cover gold stamped "فيصل التفرقة" ; pulled by conservation such that cover / case and sewing threads are housed in one envelope and text pages in two others (five leaves per slide / folder, three slides per envelope) with all envelopes in one larger envelope.

Former Shelfmarks:

Mich. Isl. Ms. temp. no. 110


As appears in colophon on p.62, copied by Muṣṭafá Ibrāhīm, khādim al-Ustādh al-Khalwatī, from a copy held in the Khedival Library (al-Kutubkhānah al-Khidīwīyah / الكتبخانة الخديوية ) in Darb al-Jamāmīz palace ( سراى درب الجماميز ) with transcription completed 23 Shaʻbān 1294 [ca. 2 September 1877].

Ownership and History:

On upper pastedown label with ex libris of James Heyworth-Dunne (d.1974), stamped with inventory numbers, "Ex Libris | J. Heyworth-Dunne | D. Lit. (London) | No. 7793" ; on incipit page (p.4) oval waqf seal impression in red ink with inscription "وقف لله تعالى ومقره بيت السجادة البكرية" in name of Bayt al-Sajjādah al-Bakrīyah (بيت السجادة البكرية) ; UM Library inscription on p.7 "Dunning | Heyworth-Dunne | 6-13-51 | 71955" ; occasional marginal correction.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!


05 Muṣṭafá Ibrāhīm, fl. 1877, scribe. 05 مصطفى ابراهيم، ناسخ.

Former Owner(s):

Heyworth-Dunne, J. (James), former owner.

In Collection:

Heyworth-Dunne Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GAL,I 421Watt, W. Montgomery. "al-G̲H̲azālī, Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad b. Muḥammad al-Ṭūsī." In EI2,vol.II, p.1038, col. 2Jong, F. de. Ṭuruq and Ṭuruq-linked institutions in Nineteenth century Egypt: a historical study in organizational dimensions of Islamic mysticism. Leiden, 1978.

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on December 7, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Heyworth-Dunne Collection

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