Isl. Ms. 977


Anwār al-āfāq fī taqrīb Kitāb Tahdhīb al-akhlāq,[193-?].انوار الافاق في تقريب كتاب تهذيب الاخلاق,[193-م?].


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Place/Date of Production:



32 leaves :paper ;241 x 158 mm. bound to 230 x 150 mm.


Careful though incomplete copy of an anonymous abridgement of Abū ʻAlī Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad Miskawayh’s (d. 1030) treatise on ethics, Tahdhīb al-akhlāq wa-taṭhīr al-aʻrāq. See Isl. Ms. 934 for another manuscript copy.

Other Title(s):

Title from inscription on 'title page' (p.1):كوكب الاشراق تقريب كتاب تهذيب الاخلاقKawkab al-ishrāq taqrīb Kitāb Tahdhīb al-akhlāqTitle from inscription on 'title pages' for each section (p.1 and p.33):فتح القريب تحصيل كتاب التهذيبFatḥ al-qarīb taḥṣīl Kitāb al-Tahdhībانوار الافاق تقريب كتاب تهذيب الاخلاقشروح تهذيب الاخلاق


Islamic ethics--Early works to 1800.
Muslims--Conduct of life--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.




Ms. codex.
Title from inscription on 'title page' (p.1).


"نحمدك اللهم ولا نحصى ثناء عليك ونستغفرك ونسترضيك ونتوب اليك ... اما بعد فان الله تعالى بعد ان خلق الخلائق وذرأ البرايا اصطفى منها نوع الانسان وجبله من طين مؤلف من مختلف الاركان والمواد ... وكان مما ظفرت به يدي واسعدني به دهري كتاب تهذيب الاخلاق وتطهير الاعراق للحكيم الفاضل ... ابو [كذا] علي احمد بن محمد بن يعقوب بن مسكويه ... فلهذا وذاك وجدتني نشطا الى تهذيبه وتلخيصه ... فما زلت اعاني النفس في ذلك ... فذلكة الكتاب والكتاب يشتمل على مقدمة ومقالات اربع ..."


"ثم اعلم ان من وصل الى مرتبة اكتساب الفضائل وجب عليه تأديب غيره وافاضة ما اعطاه الله على ابناء جنسه


Can you help transcribe the colophon? Please comment!


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


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Physical Details:

i, 2 VIII(32), i ; two octonions (gatherings of eight bifolia) ; pages between sections (corresponding to gatherings) left blank, with one serving as section 'title page' (see p.33) ; pagination in pencil and black ink, Hindu-Arabic numerals, in opening section only through page٢٨ ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization.


Written mainly in 17-21 lines per page.


Ruqʻah ; quick, compact, elegant hand in a thin to medium line (line thickness changes) ; serifless and freely ligatured with effect of inclination to the left and of words descending to baseline, mainly closed counters, pointing somewhat careless and in strokes rather than distinct dots, final yāʼ usually unpointed.


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Wove paper.


Boards covered in dark green cloth with dark green leather over spine (quarter binding) ; pastedowns and flyleaves in wove paper printed with a floral vegetal pattern in green ; spine gold-stamped with title and decorative accents over raised bands "شروح تهذيب الاخلاق | J.H.D." ; sewn in heavy white thread, seemingly over two recessed cords, though difficult to examine ; overall in fairly good condition.

Former Shelfmarks:

Mich. Isl. Ms. temp. no. 126


Lacks dated scribal colophon ; likely copied in Egypt in the late 1930s and bound for James Heyworth-Dunne (d.1974).

Ownership and History:

On upper pastedown, label with ex libris of James Heyworth-Dunne (d.1974), stamped with inventory number, "Ex Libris | J. Heyworth-Dunne | D. Lit. (London) | No. 7921" ; UM Library inscription on p.3 "Dunning | Heyworth-Dunne | 6-13-51 | 71955 ; possible former inventory mark "231 / 53" in pencil on verso of final leaf (p.64).

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Ibn Miskawayh, Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad,--d. 1030.--Tahdhīb al-akhlāq wa-taṭhīr al-aʻrāq.--Abridgement.
ابن مسكويه، احمد بن محمد.--تهذيب الاخلاق وتطهير الاعراق.--تلخيص.


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Former Owner(s):

Heyworth-Dunne, J. (James), former owner.

In Collection:

Heyworth-Dunne Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GAL,I 342 ; S I 582 ff.

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on December 1, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Heyworth-Dunne Collection

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