Shelfmark:

Isl. Ms. 941

Title:

Kitāb Tafsīr al-Qurʼān al-ʻAẓīm al-musammá bi-al-Nahr,[17th century].كتاب تفسير القرآن العظيم المسمى بالنهر,[القرن 17م].

Author:

Abū Ḥayyān Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf,1256-1344.ابو حيان محمد بن يوسف.

Place/Date of Production:

[16--].

Size:

254 leaves :paper ;280 x 200 (225 x 115) mm. bound to 287 x 205 mm.

Summary:

Fine copy of the first third (through the conclusion of Sūrat al-Tawbah [9]) of Abū Ḥayyān al-Gharnāṭī's (d.1344) commentary on the Qurʼān derived from his more extensive commentary al-Baḥr al-muḥīṭ.

Other Title(s):

Nahr al-mādd min al-Baḥr al-muḥīṭنهر الماد من البحر المحيطجزء الاول من تفسير ابي حيان وبه الثلث الاول

Subject(s):

Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Abū Ḥayyān Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf,--1256-1344.--Baḥr al-muḥīṭ fī tafsīr al-Qurʼān.
Koran--Commentaries--Early works to 1800.

Language:

Arabic.

Notes:

Ms. codex.
Title from 'title page' (p.1).


2
Incipit:

"قال الشيخ الامام العلامة الحافظ سيبويه الزمان ابو حيان محمد ابن يوسف بن علي رحمه الله ورضي عنه بحمدك اللهم استفتح وبنورك استوضح من فضلك استمنح ... وبعد فان لما صنفت كتابي الكبير المسمى بالبحر المحيط في علم التفسير عجز عن قطعه لطوله السابح ... فاجريت منه نهرا تجري عيونه ... وهذا النهر مدة من بحر ليس له حرز ..."

Explicit:

"في سوء العاقبة من الوقوع في العذاب ويحرص على هداهم ويرأف بهم ويرحمهم اللهم فصل عليه اشرف صلاة وسلم عليه ازكى سلام"


1
Colophon:

"Scribal," triangular, reads "كمل الثلث الاول من النهر المأخوذ من البحر ويتلوه ان شاء الله تعالي سورة يونس عليه السلام والحمد لله وحده و بالله المستعان تم"

Dedication:

Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!

Contents:

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:
Collation:

Original gatherings now difficult to discern, though likely quinions ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization.

Layout:

Written in 33 lines per page ; frame-ruled.

Script:

Naskh ; clear Egyptian hand in a thin line ; serifless with slight effect of tilt to the left, adhering fairly closely to baseline, many closed counters, pointing in distinct dots, alif maqṣūrah pointed as yāʼ, kāf mashkūlah (mashqūqah) preferred.

Decoration:

Keywords and sūrah headings rubricated ; textual dividers in the form of small red discs, hāʼs (ه), and inverted commas.

Support:

European laid paper with 6 laid lines per cm. (horizontal), single chain lines evenly spaced roughly 28 mm. apart (vertical), three crescents watermark (see p.10, compare Heawood 863, Venice 1610), some inclusions and undissolved fibers ; heavy but crisp and well-burnished.

Binding:

Fiberboards covered in maroon cloth with brown leather over spine and board corners (half binding) ; Western style binding ; pastedowns (now fully detached from boards, traces of adhesive visible) and flyleaves in shell 'marbled' (printed pattern) wove paper in brown, red, blue and gold ; board corners and spine leather extending over boards edged in gold-stamped vegetal accents ; spine gold-stamped with decorative accents over raised bands ; edges of textblock speckled red ; spine label carries title and subject "الجزء الاول من تفسير ابي حيان وبه الثلث الاول | تفسير" ; sewn (not original) in white thread, six stations ; Western style endbands ; overall in fair condition with some abrasion, lifting and losses of cloth and leather, etc.

Accompanying Materials:

"a. Slip of paper: 8348; b. Slip of paper: 13713" - from handlist prepared by R. Dougherty, 1993.

Former Shelfmarks:

Mich. Isl. Ms. temp. no. 90

Origin:

Lacks dated colophon ; paper, hand, etc. strongly suggest early 17th century.

Ownership and History:

On upper pastedown, label with ex libris of James Heyworth-Dunne (d.1974), stamped with inventory number, "Ex Libris | J. Heyworth-Dunne | D. Lit. (London) | No 8348" ; UM Library inscription on (p.3) "Dunning | Heyworth-Dunne | 6-12-51 | 71955" ; occasional glosses and marginal corrections.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

05--Abū Ḥayyān Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf,--1256-1344.--Baḥr al-muḥīṭ fī tafsīr al-Qurʼān.--Abridgement.
05--ابو حيان محمد بن يوسف.--بحر المحيط في تفسير القرآن.--تلخيص.

Scribe(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

Heyworth-Dunne, J. (James), former owner.

Related Works:

Baḥr al-muḥīṭ fī tafsīr al-Qurʼān.بحر المحيط في تفسير القرآن.

In Collection:

Heyworth-Dunne Collection.

References:

Brockelmann, C. GAL,S II 136Fatehi-nezhad, Enayatollah. (Tr. Rahim Gholami). "Abū Ḥayyān al-Gharnāṭī." In Encyclopaedia Islamica,Vol. 2, p. 93, col. 1Glazer, Sidney. "Abū Ḥayyān al-Gharnāṭī." In EI3,accessed via Brill Online.

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on December 1, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Heyworth-Dunne Collection

Total comments on this page: 3

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Martin Nguyen on paragraph 11:

Qāla al-shaykh al-imām al-ʿalāma al-ḥāfiẓ Sībawayh al-zamān Abū Ḥayyān Muḥammad b. Yūsuf b. ʿAlī raḥmat Allāh wa-raḍī ʿanhu

August 16, 2011 8:06 am
Martin Nguyen on paragraph 11:

قال الشيخ الامام العلامة الحافظ سيبويه الزمان ابو حيان محمد ابن يوسف بن علي رحمه الله ورضي عنه بحمدك اللهم استفتح وبنورك استوضح من فضلك استمنح

August 16, 2011 7:30 pm
Martin Nguyen on paragraph 13:

[Scribal, Triangle] كمل الثلث الاول من النهر الماخوذ من البحر ويتلوه ان شا الله تعالي سورة يونس عليه السلام والحمد لله وحمده و بالله المستعان تم

August 16, 2011 7:40 pm

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