Isl. Ms. 934


Tanwīr al-āfāq taqrīb Kitāb Tahdhīb al-akhlāq,[193-?].تنوير الآفاق تقريب كتاب تهذهيب الاخلاق,[193-م?].


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Place/Date of Production:



46 leaves :paper ;338 x 230 mm. bound to 345 x 239 mm.


Careful copy of an anonymous abridgement of Abū ʻAlī Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad Miskawayh's (d. 1030) treatise on ethics, Tahdhīb al-akhlāq wa-taṭhīr al-aʻrāq .

Other Title(s):

تنوير الآفاق


Islamic ethics--Early works to 1800.
Muslims--Conduct of life--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.




Ms. codex.
Title from inscription on 'title page' (p.1).


"نحمدك اللهم ولا نحصى ثناء عليك ونستغفرك ونسترضيك ونتوب اليك ... اما بعد فان الله تعالى بعد ان خلق الخلائق وذرأ البرايا اصطفى منها نوع الانسان وجبله من طين مؤلف من مختلف الاركان ... وكان مما ظفرت به يدي واسعدني به دهري كتاب تهذيب الاخلاق وتطهير الاعراق للحكيم الفاضل الفيلسوف الكامل الاستاذ الامام ابي علي احمد بن محمد بن يعقوب بن مسكويه ... فلهذا وذاك وجدتني نشطا الى تهذيبه وتلخيصه ... فما زلت اعاني النفس في ذلك ... فذلكة الكتاب والكتاب يشتمل على مقدمة ومقالات اربع ..."


"ولم يظهر الجزع عليه وقال انني ما ولدت ولدا لا يموت وانما ولدت ولدا يموت هذا هذا [كذا] وحيث ذكرنا كثيرا من الامراض وذكرنا علاجاتها فليتسعن بهذا النموذج طالب الصحة والشفاء ... فانه سيجد شفاءها بالاستنباط مما ذكرناه والله يتولي هداه وليكن هذا آخر ما اوردنا تلخيصه من كتاب تهذيب الاخلاق وتطهير الاعراق للحكيم الفاضل ... احمد بن محمد بن مسكويه ... والسلام على من اتبع الهداية ففاز بالحسنى والدراية آمين ولنتبع ذلك برسالة الفوز الاصغر المعروفة النسبة الى المصنف"


Can you help transcribe the colophon? Please comment!


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


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Physical Details:

i,4 V(40), III (46), i (as suggested by quire numbering, sewing virtually impossible to examine) ; chiefly quinions ; quire numbering in the form of Hindu-Arabic numerals accompanied by letter kāf (ك) appearing on the opening recto of each gathering from the second (see pp.21, 41, 61, 81) ; pagination in black ink, Hindu-Arabic numerals ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization.


Written mainly in 27 lines per page.


Ruqʻah ; compact hand in a medium line ; serifless and freely ligatured with slight effect of tilt to the right and of words descending to baseline, mainly closed counters, pointing in strokes rather than distinct dots.


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Lined / ruled wove paper.


Boards covered in dark green cloth with dark green leather over spine (quarter binding) ; pastedowns and flyleaves in wove paper printed with a floral vegetal pattern in green ; spine gold-stamped with title and decorative accents over raised bands " تنوير | الآفاق | J.H.D." ; sewing difficult to examine ; stuck-on endbands (blue and white stripe) ; overall in fairly good condition.

Former Shelfmarks:

Mich. Isl. Ms. temp. no. 83


Lacks dated colophon ; likely copied in Egypt in the late 1930s and bound for James Heyworth-Dunne (d.1974).

Ownership and History:

On upper pastedown, label with ex libris of James Heyworth-Dunne (d.1974), stamped with inventory number, "Ex Libris | J. Heyworth-Dunne | D. Lit. (London) | No 7975" ; UM Library inscription on verso of front flyleaf "Dunning | Heyworth-Dunne | 6-11-51 | 71955" ; possible former inventory mark in pencil on verso of final leaf (p.92) "231 / 53" ; numerous marginal glosses in the hand of the copyist.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Ibn Miskawayh, Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad,---1030.--Tahdhīb al-akhlāq wa-taṭhīr al-aʻrāq.--Abridgement.
ابن مسكويه، احمد بن محمد.--تهذيب الاخلاق وتطهير الاعراق.--تلخيص.


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Former Owner(s):

Heyworth-Dunne, J. (James), former owner.

In Collection:

Heyworth-Dunne Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GAL,I 342 ; S I 582 ff.

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on December 1, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Heyworth-Dunne Collection

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