Isl. Ms. 948


Majmūʻ fī al-tawḥīd wa-al-naḥw,[late 19th or early 20th century].مجموع في التوحيد والنحو,[اواخر القرن 19م او اوائل القرن 20م].

Place/Date of Production:



45 leaves :paper ;225 x 155 (190 x 115) mm. bound to 231 x 162 mm.


Fine collection (majmūʻah) of several concise didactic treatises of theology and grammar, mainly in verse, namely Umm al-barāhīn of Abū ʻAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf al-Sanūsī (d.1490), Jawharat al-tawḥīd of Ibrāhīm ibn Ibrāhīm al-Laqānī (d.1631 or 2), Badʼ al-Amālī (or Qaṣīdat yaqūlu al-ʻabd fī Badʼ al-Amālī) of ʻAlī ibn ʻUthmān al-Ūshī (12th cent.), and the Alfīyah of Ibn Mālik (d.1274).

Other Title(s):



Islam--Doctrines--Early works to 1800.
God--Simplicity--Early works to 1800.
God (Islam)--Attributes--Early works to 1800.
Arabic poetry--Early works to 1800.
Arabic language--Grammar--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.




Ms. codex.
Title from inscription on 'title page' (p.1).


[Matn Umm al-barāhīn] "الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله اعلم ان الحكم العقلي ينحصر في ثلاثة اقسام الوجوب والاستحالة والجواز ..." ; [Matn al-Jawharah fī al-tawḥīd] "الحمد لله على صلاته ثم سلام الله مع صلاته على نبي جاء بالتوحيد وقد عرى الدين عن التوحيد ..." ; [ Matn Badʼ al-Amālī fī al-tawḥīd ] "يقول العبد في بدء الامالي لتوحيد بنظم كاللآلي ..." ; [Matn Alfīyat Ibn Mālik] "قال محمد هو بن مالك احمد الله ربي خير مالك مصليا على الرسول المصطفى واله المستكملين الشرفا ..."


Can you help transcribe the explicit? Please comment!


Can you help transcribe the colophon? Please comment!


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


1. p.1-p.9 : [Matn Umm al-barāhīn fī ʻilm al-kalām] / Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf al-Sanūsī.
2. p.9-p.18 : Matn al-Jawharah fī al-tawḥīd / Ibrāhīm ibn Ibrāhīm al-Laqānī.
3. p.18-p.22 : Matn Badʼ al-Amālī fī al-tawḥīd / ʻAlī ibn ʻUthmān al-Ūshī.
4. p.22-p.86 : Matn Alfīyat Ibn Mālik / Ibn Mālik.

Physical Details:

i, V-1 (9), 3 V(39), III (45), i ; quinions (one anomalous) followed by a ternion ; final two leaves left blank ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals (supplied during digitization).


Written in 15-17 lines per page ; written area often divided to two columns ; frame-ruled (impression of ruling board occasionally evident).


Naskh ; large, clear though somewhat awkward hand in a medium to bold line ; partially but irregularly seriffed with slight right-sloping head-serifs, effect of tilt to the left, some sweeping descenders (often flattened), pointing in distinct dots, final yāʼ usually unpointed though kasrah supplied, fully vocalized.


Keywords rubricated ; textual dividers in the form of three dots in red.


Machine laid paper and wove paper ; mainly a type with roughly 7 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 26-28 mm. apart (horizontal) and watermark of words in Arabic script only partially visible (see p.28, 40, 42, etc.) and date (see pp.48 and 60, possibly 1313 [1895 or 6] or 1292 [1876 or 7), light beige in color, virtually unburnished ; another type (see pp.3-6, 13-16) with roughly 8 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 26-27 mm. apart (horizontal) and watermark of "GOUVERNEMENT EGYPTIEN" with star and crescent at center and other smaller crescents with three stars (see pp.4, 6, 14, 16 and compare Walz, "The Paper trade of Egypt and the Sudan," p.91), dense and sturdy, beige to buff in color, only lightly burnished ; final leaves of codex (from p.65 to close) are in a wove paper of nearly the same color as the predominant machine laid type.


Boards covered in textured black cloth with black leather over spine (quarter binding) ; Western style binding ; pastedowns and flyleaves in wove paper printed with a floral vegetal pattern in pink and green ; spine gold-stamped with title and decorative accents over raised bands "التوحيد" ; sewn in white thread over three recessed cords, tightly bound ; overall in fairly good condition.

Former Shelfmarks:

Mich. Isl. Ms. temp. no. 97


Lacks dated colophon ; paper, etc. would suggest transcription in Egypt, late 19th century (or possibly within the first decade of the 20th century).

Ownership and History:

On upper pastedown label with ex libris of James Heyworth-Dunne (d.1974), stamped with inventory numbers, "Ex Libris | J. Heyworth-Dunne | D. Lit. (London) | No.7777" ; UM Library inscription on p.3 "Dunning | Heyworth-Dunne | 6-13-51 | 71955" ; marginal glosses.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

03--Sanūsī, Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf,--ca. 1427-ca. 1490.--Umm al-barāhīn fī ʻilm al-kalām.
03--سنوسي، محمد بن يوسف.--ام البراهين في علم الكلام.
04--Laqānī, Ibrāhīm ibn Ibrāhīm,--d. 1631 or 2.--Matn al-Jawharah fī al-tawḥīd.
04--لقاني، ابراهيم بن ابراهيم.--متن الجوهرة في التوحيد.
05--Ūshī, ʻAlī ibn ʻUthmān,--12th cent.--Badʼ al-Amālī.
05--اوشي، علي بن عثمان.--بدء الامالي.
06--Ibn Mālik, Muḥammad ibn ʻAbd Allāh,--d. 1274.--Alfīyah.
06--ابن مالك, محمد بن عبد الله.--ألفية.


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

Heyworth-Dunne, J. (James), former owner.

In Collection:

Heyworth-Dunne Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GAL,II 250-51 (II.)Brockelmann, C. GAL,II 316Brockelmann, C. GAL,I 429-30 (I.) ; S I 764-5Brockelmann, C. GAL,I 298 (II.)Walz, Terence. "The Paper trade of Egypt and the Sudan in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries and its re-export to the Bilad as-Sudan." In The Trans-Saharan book trade: manuscript culture, Arabic literacy, and intellectual history in Muslim Africa. Graziano Krätli and Ghislaine Lydon, Eds. (Leiden : Brill, 2011):73-108.

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Posted by evyn on December 1, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Heyworth-Dunne Collection

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