Shelfmark:

Isl. Ms. 946

Title:

Majmūʻah,[ca. 1214 i.e. 1800 to late 19th century].مجموعة,[ح 1214ه، 1800م الى اواخر القرن 19م].

Place/Date of Production:

[ca.1800-1899].

Size:

24 leaves :paper ;221 x 160 (160-195 x 95-103) mm. bound to 230 x 168 mm.

Summary:

Fine composite collection (majmūʻah) of four works on topics of fiqh, grammar and Ṣūfistic poetry, namely a commentary on a poem of ʻAbd Allāh ibn ʻAlawī al-Ḥaddād (d.1720).

Other Title(s):

مجموعة سؤال الزرقانيSuʼāl rufiʻa lil-ʻallāmah al-shaykh ʻAbd al-Bāqī al-Zurqānī fī al-farāgh ʻan al-ṭīn al-sulṭānī wa-jawābuh li-jamʻ min al-aʼimmahسؤال رفع للعلامة الشيخ عبد الباقي الزرقاني في الفراغ عن الطين السلطاني وجوابه لجمع من الائمةHādhihi fawāʼid tataʻallaqu bi-ayy al-mushaddadahهذه فوائد تتعلق باي المشددةRisālah fī al-naḥwرسالة في النحوHādhihi al-Qaṣīdah li-quṭb zamānih wa-farīd ʻaṣrih wa-aqrānih al-sayyid ʻAbd Allāh ibn ʻAlawī al-Ḥaddād Bāʻalawī wa-al-Sharḥ li-mawlānā al-ʻallāmah al-shaykh Muḥammad Ḥayāt al-Sindīهذه القصيدة لقطب زمانه وفريد عصره واقرانه السيد عبد الله ابن علوي الحداد باعلوي والشرح لمولانا العلامة الشيخ محمد حبات السندي

Subject(s):

Islamic law--Interpretation and construction--Early works to 1800.
Arabic language--Grammar--Early works to 1800.
Sufi poetry, Arabic--Early works to 1800.
Sufism--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
ʻAṭṭās, ʻAbd Allāh ibn ʻAlawī,--1634 or 5-1719 or 20.--Qaṣīdah.
Muḥammad,--Prophet,--d. 632--Poetry.

Language:

Arabic.

Notes:

Ms. composite codex.
Title from inscription on verso of front flyleaf.

Incipit:

[Suʼāl fī al-farāgh ʻan al-ṭīn al-sulṭānī ] "الحمد لله رب العالمين ... وبعد فيقول الفقير علي الصعيدي العدوي خادم الفقراء بالازهر وقعت نازلة في الطلاق فيما يتعلق بالبساط فوقع الافتاء بها بعدم الطلاق قياسا على مسئلة ذكرها الشيخ عبد الباقي في شرحه الصغير ... سؤال رفع للعلامة الشيخ عبد الباقي الزرقاني رحمه الله تعالى في الفراغ عن الطين السلطاني وهو ما تقول علما الاسلام متع الله تعالى بوجودهم ..." ; [Natījat afkār dhawī al-majd] "الحمد لله الذي له الامر من قبل ومن بعد ... وبعد فقد سألني اعز اخواني واوحد خلاني ... ان اضع له رسالة لطيفة تتضمن ابحاث وبعد فاجبته الى ذلك راجيا من القادر المالك ان يهديني الى احسن المسالك وسميتها نتيجة افكار ذوي المجد في تحرير ابحاث وبعد ..." ; [Risālat ayy al-mushaddadah] "وصلى الله على سيدنا محمد ... الحمد لله رافع المشكلات عن اولى الالباب وناصب العلامات على ذلك من سنة ...وبعد فيقول الفقير الى رحمة ربه العلي عثمان بن احمد النجدي الحنبلي ... هذه فوائد تتعلق بأي المشددة ..." ; [Sharḥ Qaṣīdat Ilzam bāb Rabbik] "الحمد لله الذي علم الاشياء قبل وجود وجعل لكل شيء قدرا ... اما بعد فهذا قدر قليل في شرح قصيدة من اسمه مذكور في قوله تعالى لما قام عبد الله يدعوه ... قال رضي الله عنه الزم باب ربك اي الزم يا ايها العبد المخلوق ..."

Explicit:

Can you help transcribe the explicit? Please comment!

Colophon:

[Natījat afkār dhawī al-majd] "Scribal," triangular, reads "وكان الفراغ من تعليق هذه النسخة العظيمة الشريفة من نسخة نقلت من نسخة نقلت من نسخة مؤلفه شيخنا ... شمس الدين الزهار العزيزي الشافعي رحمه الله تعالى على يد الفقير الحقير المعترف بالذنب والتقصير من يرجوا [كذا] عفو ربه المنان عبد الرحمن محمد الدهان الشافعي غفر الله له ولوالديه ولجميع المسلمين اجمعين وصلى الله على سيدنا محمد وعلى اله وصحبه وسلم" ; [Risālat ayy al-mushaddadah] "Scribal," triangular, reads "وكانت الكتابة من نسخ الرسالة العظيمة للشيخ الامام العارف بالله تعالى الشيخ عثمان ابن احمد النجدي ... في احدى عشر خلت من ذي القعدة سنة اربعة عشر ومائتين والف على يد الفقير عبد الرحمن الدهان الشافعي عفي عنه امين امين امين ... والحمد لله رب العالمين وهو حسبي ونعم الوكيل تم تم تم تم تم تم تم"

Dedication:

Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!

Contents:

1. p.1-p.8 : Hādhā Suʼāl rufiʻa lil-ʻallāmah al-shaykh ʻAbd al-Bāqī al-Zurqānī fī al-farāgh ʻan al-ṭīn al-sulṭānī wa-jawābuh li-jamʻ min al-aʼimmah / ʻAbd al-Bāqī al-Zurqānī ; ʻAlī ibn Aḥmad al-Ṣaʻīdī al-ʻAdawī.
2. p.9-p.19 : Kitāb Natījat afkār dhawī al-majd fī taḥrīr abḥāth wa-baʻd / Shams al-Dīn al-Zahhār al-ʻAzīzī al-Shāfiʻī.
3. p.20 : [excerpt from the decisions of Shaykh Shams al-Dīn al-Zahhār al-ʻAzīzī al-Shāfiʻī].
4. p.21-p.29 : Hādhihi fawāʼid tataʻallaqu bi-ayy al-mushaddadah [aw Risālat ayy al-mushaddadah] / ʻUthmān ibn Aḥmad al-Najdī.
5. p.30-p.32 : [blank].
6. p.33-p.48 : Hādhihi al-qaṣīdah li-quṭb zamānih wa-farīd ʻaṣrih wa-aqrānih al-sayyid ʻAbd Allāh ibn ʻAlawī al-Ḥaddād Bāʻalawī wa-al-Sharḥ li-mawlānā al-ʻallāmah al-shaykh Muḥammad Ḥayāt al-Sindī [aw Sharḥ Qaṣīdat Ilzam bāb Rabbik] / ʻAbd Allāh ibn ʻAlawī al-Ḥaddād Bāʻalawī ; Muḥammad Ḥayāt al-Sindī.

Physical Details:
Collation:

i, II (4), VI (16), IV (24), i ; binion, senion and quaternion, each corresponding to a distinct section of the composite volume with distinct moment of transcription, opening ternion trimmed smaller than the other two gatherings ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization.

Layout:

Written in 25, 23, and 21 lines per page ; frame-ruled (impression of ruling board evident).

Script:

Naskh ; three main hands ; opening work in a clear Egyptian or Syrian hand in a medium line, compactly filling the line and seriffed (irregularly) with right-sloping head-serifs on most ascenders and shaqq of kāf, slight effect of words descending toward the baseline, occasional inclination to the right or left, quite rounded though descenders more rectilinear, pointing in distinct dots, alif maqṣūrah pointed as yāʼ, kāf mashqūqah / mashkūlah preferred with shaqq appearing on even final kāf ; second and third works in a clear, small Syrian or Egyptian hand in a medium line, mainly serifless (though with odd serifs occasionally appearing) with slight effect of words descending to baseline, curvilinear descenders, pointing mainly in distinct dots though three dots usually represented by a curved stroke and two dots occasionally represented by a single stroke, alif maqṣūrah pointed as yāʼ, kāf mashqūqah / mashkūlah preferred with long straight shaqq appearing on even final kāf ; final work in a clear, Ottoman naskh in a thin line, partially but somewhat irregularly seriffed with slight effect of tilt to the left and of words descending to baseline, curvilinear descenders, some free assimilation of letters, pointing in strokes rather than distinct dots, final yāʼ usually unpointed.

Decoration:

Keywords and headings rubricated in all three sections ; overlining in red (mainly opening section but also occasionally in second section) ; textual dividers in the form of red discs, single and three dots (mainly second section).

Support:

European laid paper of three types, each section of the composite volume in a distinct type ; opening section (binion carrying first work) in a type with 7 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 26-28 mm. apart (horizontal), and watermarks of three crescents with faces in profile (perpendicular to chains, roughly 73 mm. long, see pp.2 and 8) and scrollwork / arms with double-headed eagle (see pp.4 and 6), sturdy, well-burnished, cream in color ; second section (senion carrying second and third works) in a type with roughly 7 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced roughly 36-40 mm. apart (horizontal, somewhat faint), and watermark of three crescents (perpendicular to chains, 90 mm. long, see pp.12, 14, etc.), quite sturdy, lightly burnished, beige in color ; final section (quaternion carrying fourth work) a type with 9-10 laid lines per cm. (horizontal), chain lines spaced 24-25 mm. apart (vertical) and watermark of crescent with face in shield (see p.36, 40, etc.) and "Carbera De Mori | Vittorio" in script (see pp.34, 38, 44, 48 and compare Isl. Ms. 726 copied 1894), sturdy, burnished, bright cream in color.

Binding:

Boards covered in black textured cloth with black leather over spine (quarter binding) ; Western style binding ; pastedowns and flyleaves in wove paper printed with a floral vegetal pattern in pale pink and green ; spine gold-stamped with title and decorative accents over raised bands "مجموعة | سؤال الزرقاني" ; sewn in white thread, six stations, tightly bound ; overall in fairly good condition with minor abrasion and pest damage.

Former Shelfmarks:

Mich. Isl. Ms. temp. no. 95

Origin:

As appears in colophons on p.19 and p.29, second and third works copied by ʻAbd al-Raḥmān Muḥammad al-Dahhān with transcription of third work completed 11 Dhū al-Qaʻdah 1214 [ca. 6 April 1800]. Transcription of opening work likely circa 1800, perhaps early 19th or even late 18th century (as suggested by paper and hand). Transcription of final work likely late 19th century (as suggested by paper and hand).

Ownership and History:

On upper pastedown, label with ex libris of James Heyworth-Dunne (d.1974), stamped with inventory numbers, "Ex Libris | J. Heyworth-Dunne | D. Lit. (London) | No.7772 | No. 7773 | No. 7774 | No. 7775" ; UM Library inscription on p.3 "Dunning | Heyworth-Dunne | 6-13-51 | 71955" ; a few marginal corrections in opening section (first work).

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

02--Zurqānī, ʻAbd al-Bāqī ibn Yūsuf,--1611-1688.--Suʼāl fī al-farāgh ʻan al-ṭīn al-sulṭānī.
02--زرقاني, عبد الباقي بن يوسف.--سؤال في الفراغ عن الطين السلطاني.
05--Shams al-Dīn al-Zahhār al-ʻAzīzī al-Shāfiʻī.--Natījat afkār dhawī al-majd fī taḥrīr abḥāth wa-baʻd.
05--شمس الدين العزيزي الشافعي.--نتيجة افكار ذوي المجد في تحرير ابحاث وبعد.
06--Najdī, ʻUthmān Aḥmad,--d. 1686.--Risālat ayy al-mushaddadah.
06--نجدي، عثمان أحمد.--رسالة اي المشددة.
09--ʻAṭṭās, ʻAbd Allāh ibn ʻAlawī,--1634 or 5-1719 or 20.--Qaṣīdah.
09--عطاس، عبد الله بن علوي.--قصيدة.
11--Sindī, Muḥammad Ḥayāt,--d. 1750--Sharḥ Qaṣīdat Ilzam bāb Rabbik.
11--سندي، محمد حيات،--شرح قصيدة الزم باب ربك.
03--Ṣaʻīdī, ʻAlī ibn Aḥmad,--1700-1775.
03--صعيدي، علي بن احمد.
Suʼāl rufiʻa lil-ʻallāmah al-shaykh ʻAbd al-Bāqī al-Zurqānī fī al-farāgh ʻan al-ṭīn al-sulṭānī wa-jawābuh li-jamʻ min al-aʼimmahسؤال رفع للعلامة الشيخ عبد الباقي الزرقاني في الفراغ عن الطين السلطاني وجوابه لجمع من الائمةHādhihi fawāʼid tataʻallaqu bi-ayy al-mushaddadahهذه فوائد تتعلق باي المشددةRisālah fī al-naḥwرسالة في النحوHādhihi al-Qaṣīdah li-quṭb zamānih wa-farīd ʻaṣrih wa-aqrānih al-sayyid ʻAbd Allāh ibn ʻAlawī al-Ḥaddād Bāʻalawī wa-al-Sharḥ li-mawlānā al-ʻallāmah al-shaykh Muḥammad Ḥayāt al-Sindīهذه القصيدة لقطب زمانه وفريد عصره واقرانه السيد عبد الله ابن علوي الحداد باعلوي والشرح لمولانا العلامة الشيخ محمد حبات السندي

Scribe(s):

13 ʻAbd al-Raḥmān Muḥammad al-Dahhān, fl. 1800, scribe. 13 عبد الرحمن محمد الدهان. ناسخ.

Former Owner(s):

Heyworth-Dunne, J. (James), former owner.

In Collection:

Heyworth-Dunne Collection.

References:

Brockelmann, C. GAL,II 318Brockelmann, C. GAL,II 319 ; S I 439Brockelmann, C. GAL,S II 722Nikolaev, Vsevolod. Watermarks of the mediaeval Ottoman documents in Bulgarian libraries. Watermarks of the Ottoman Empire, volume 1. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1954.

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on December 1, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Heyworth-Dunne Collection

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