Isl. Ms. 681


Kitāb Ṣurāḥ al-lughah,[1062, i.e. 1651].كتاب صراح اللغة,[1062ه, 1651م]


Jamāl al-Qurashī, Muḥammad ibn ʻUmar ibn Khālid,fl. 1282.جمال القرشي, محمد بن عمر بن خالد.

Place/Date of Production:



340 leaves :paper ;318 x 200 (215 x 107) mm.


Fine copy of the abridgement and rendering into Persian by Abū al-Faz̤l Muḥammad ibn ʻUmar ibn Khālid Jamāl al-Qurashī [al-Qarshī ?] of the renowned Arabic lexicon, Tāj al-lughah wa-ṣiḥāḥ al-ʻArabīyah, commonly known as al-Ṣiḥāḥ, by Abū Naṣr Ismāʻīl ibn Ḥammād al-Jawharī (d.1009?).

Other Title(s):

Ṣurāḥ al-lughahصراح اللغةصراح اللغةصراح اللغةTitle from inscriptions on 'title page' (p.11):صراح اللغةصراح من الصحاحṢurāḥ min al-Ṣiḥāḥ


Arabic language--Dictionaries--Persian--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Persian--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Jawharī, Ismāʻīl ibn Ḥammād,--d. 1003?--Ṣiḥāḥ.


Arabic and Persian.


Ms. codex.
Title from inscription on 'title page' (p.11).


"قال الفقير الى مولاه الغني ... ابو الفضل محمد بن عمر بن خالد المدعو بجمال القرشي ... احمد الله وهو المحمود بكل اللغات وجلها واشكره وهو المشكور على كثر الهبات وقلها ... وبعد فان صحاح اللغة دواء الغلة [؟] لسقام الجهل وشقاء العلة لذوي النهل ..."


"قال ذو الرمة الا يا اسلمي يا ذا رمي على البلي ولا زال منهلا بجر [؟] عائك القطر"


"Scribal," triangular, reads "تمت الكتاب بعون الملك الوهاب على يد عبد الفقير الحقير اضعف عباد الله الراجي الى رحمة الله محمد حسين بن سيد محمد شاه الحسيني المرعشي شوشتري غفر الله له ولوالديه ولمن قرأ ونظر في يوم الاثنين ثامن عشر شهر محرم الحرام سنه اثنى وستين والف من الهجرة النبوية صلى الله عليه واله وسلم تم تم تم" ; "Authorial," reads "وكان الفراغ من تصنيفه وتأليفه ... توفيق الله وحسن تأيده وظهر الثلثاء السادس عشر من صفر سنه احدى وثمانين وستمائة بكاشغر"


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:

iv, 42 IV(336), II (340), iv ; almost exclusively quaternions ; middle of the quire marks in the form of ٢ in opposite outer corners ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes flyleaves and inserts).


Written in 25 lines per page ; frame-ruled (impression of ruling board evident).


Naskh ; small, neat and compact Persianate hand ; partially but irregularly seriffed with quite small left-sloping head-serif on most ascenders (even free standing alif) and occasionally on shaqq of kāf, fairly vertical with only slight effect of tilt to the left, rounded with curvilinear descenders, pointing in distinct dots.


Keywords, section headings, notabilia (side-heads), and some abbreviation symbols rubricated ; textual dividers in the form of red discs.


non-European (likely Persian or Indian) laid paper, possibly of more than one type ; mainly with 6-7 laid lines per cm. (vertical, curving) and chain lines faintly visible, possibly in occasional groups (horizontal) ; opposite orientation of laid and chain lines in many central bifolia (i.e. the central bifolium of many gatherings) ; beige in color, quite transluscent, sturdy, well-burnished (burnisher's marks visible), cloudy formation, inclusions ; some staining and tide lines ; flyleaves and some repairs in European laid (with three crescents watermark) and wove paper ; some repairs and fills in non-European (likely Persian or Indian laid paper).


Pasteboards covered in red leather ; Type III binding (without flap) ; doublures in brown leather ; upper and lower covers carry blind-stamped scalloped mandorla (filled with symmetrical vegetal decoration, compare Déroche class. OSd) and pendants, along with tooled rule border ; sewn in cream thread, two stations, many threads broken ; manuscript 'waste' guards on many bifolia ; worked chevron endbands in light green and cream, fairly good condition ; overall in somewhat poor condition with some abrasion, staining, lower board severely compromised (failure of the adhesive, full delamination and losses of pasteboard material) and now quite soft, cover detached at spine with most gatherings loose, etc. ; housed in box for protection.

Accompanying Materials:

a. Inventory cataloguing slip in hand of Winifred Smeaton Thomas -- b. Acquisitions slip from Yahuda -- c. Slip of blue laid paper ("KFNT 1863" watermark visible) with excerpts in Persian (paginated pp.108-110) -- d. Slip of light blue wove paper with listing of book titles (paginated pp.145-146) -- e. Slip of untinted wove paper with notes (paginated pp.329-330).

Former Shelfmarks:

From upper doublure and spine label, "IL 236" (likely supplied by Yahuda, see acquisitions slip).


As appears in colophon on p.693, copied by Muḥammad Ḥusayn ibn Sayyid Muḥammad Shāh al-Ḥusaynī al-Marʻashī Shūshtarī with transcription completed 18 Muḥarram 1062 [ca. 31 December 1651]. As appears in following authorial colophon (also on p.693), composition completed 16 Ṣafar 681 [ca. 26 May 1282] in Kāshghar.

Ownership and History:

Numerous former owners' marks on 'title page' and preceding page (pp.10-11) including several mostly effaced statements (one of which appears to be dated 1096 [1684 or 5] and a rectangular seal impression (seemingly dated 1129 [1717]) repeated several times ; numerous notabilia (side-heads) marking terms ; occasional glosses ; illegible oval seal impression at close on p.693 ; numerous notabilia (side-heads) listing terms being defined.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

07--Jawharī, Ismāʻīl ibn Ḥammād,--d. 1003?--Ṣiḥāḥ.--Abridgement.--Persian & Arabic.
07--جوهري، اسماعيل بن حماد.--صحاح.--مختصر.--Persian & Arabic.


06 Muḥammad Ḥusayn ibn Muḥammad Shāh al-Ḥusaynī al-Marʻashī Shūshtarī, fl. 1651, scribe. 06 محمد حسين بن محمد شاه الحسيني المرعشي شوشتري, ناسخ.

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Related Works:


In Collection:

Yahuda Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GAL,I 128 ; I 296Ḥājjī Khalīfah. Kashf al-ẓunūn,iv 91 ; iv 101-2

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on October 27, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Persian MSS, Yahuda Collection

Total comments on this page: 0

How to read/write comments

Comments on specific paragraphs:

Click the icon to the right of a paragraph

  • If there are no prior comments there, a comment entry form will appear automatically
  • If there are already comments, you will see them and the form will be at the bottom of the thread

Comments on the page as a whole:

Click the icon to the right of the page title (works the same as paragraphs)


No comments yet.

Comments are by invitation only.