Shelfmark:

Isl. Ms. 659

Title:

Kitāb al-Masāʼil al-fiqhīyah wa-yalīhi al-Taysīr wa-al-tashīl fī dhikr mā aghfalahu al-shaykh Khalīl min aḥkām al-mughārasah,[1155, i.e. 1742 and 1135, i.e. 1723].كتاب المسائل الفقهية ويليه التيسير والتسهيل في ذكر ما اغفله الشيخ خليل من احكام المغارسة,[1155ه, 1742م و 1135ه, 1723م].

Author:

Abū ʻImrān Mūsá ibn ʻĪsá ibn Abī Ḥājj al-Fāsī,978-1038.ابو عمران موسى بن عيسى بن ابي حاج الفاسي.

Place/Date of Production:

[1723 and 1742].

Size:

65 leaves :paper ;236 x 180 (200-205 x 135-143) mm.

Summary:

Fine Maghribī copy of a collection of works on Mālikī law, opening with a collection of legal decisions attributed to Abū ʻImrān al-Fāsī (d.1038), followed by a work of Mālikī fiqh in the same hand opening in Bāb al-Ṭahārah and concluding in Bāb al-Nikāḥ, itself followed by Bāb nadb al-ghars or al-Mughārasah from al-Mukhtaṣar, the renowned compendium of Mālikī law by Khalīl ibn Isḥāq al-Jundī (d.1365), and concluding with a commentary on that very work, namely al-Taysīr wa-al-tashīl fī dhikr mā aghfalahu al-shaykh Khalīl min aḥkām al-mughārasah wa-al-tawlīj wa-al-taṣyīr by ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn ʻAbd al-Qādir al-Fāsī (d.1685).

Other Title(s):

مختصر من مسائل المدونةMughārasahمغارسة

Subject(s):

Fatwas--Early works to 1800.
Islamic law--Interpretation and construction--Early works to 1800.
Malikites--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Khalīl ibn Isḥāq al-Jundī,--d. 1365?--Mukhtaṣar.

Language:

Arabic.

Notes:

Ms. composite codex.
Title from added 'title page' (flyleaf).

Incipit:

[al-Masāʼil al-fiqhīyah] "قال الشيخ ابو عمران الفاسي رضي الله عنه هذا ما اختصرنا من الدواوين دون التطويل من المسائل [مسائل] المدونة مسئلة في تزويج المراة بعد الوقوع والنزول ..." ; [Kitāb al-Taysīr wa-al-tashīl] "فيقول العبد الفقير الى الله ... عبد الرحمن بن عبد القادر ... الحمد لله الملك القديم العالم العلي العظيم الاكرم الكريم الرحمن الرحيم الخبير الحليم ... وبعد فلما كان باب المغارسة من جملة ما ينبغي للمؤلفين المختصرين ان يتعرضوا له ... طلب مني بعض اخواننا ... ان اجمع في الباب مسائل جملة [؟] وان اذكر في ذلك احكاما مهمة ... ولما لخصته وهذبته ودرجته وقربته ظهر ان اسميه بالتيسير والتسهيل في ذكر ما اغفله الشيخ خليل من احكام المغارسة والتوليح والتصيير ..."

Explicit:

Can you help transcribe the explicit? Please comment!

Colophon:

[al-Masāʼil al-fiqhīyah] "Scribal," reads "انتهى ما اختصره ابو الفاسي رحمه الله من دواوين المالكية رضي الله عنهم على يد عبيد الله سبحانه الحسين ابن ابي القاسم غفر الله له ولوالديه ولاشياخه ولاخوانه ولجميع المسلمين والمسلمات الاحياء منهم والاموات ولا حول ولا قوة الا بالله العلي العظيم عام ١١۶۶ في شهر الله المعظم رجب الفرد بعد ان خلت منه ستة وعشرين ... والحمد لله رب العالمين" ; [al-Taysīr wa-al-tashīl] "كملت المغارسة بحمد الله وحسن عونه على يد ناسخها لنفسه ثم لمن شاء الله في بعده العبد الفقير الى رحمة ربه القدير الراجي عفو ربه وغفرانه احمد بن عبد العزيز بن سعد بن علي الجزائري الاصل والمنشأ المالكي مذهبا الاشعري اعتقادا البصري اعرابا غفر الله له ولوالديه ولاشياخه ولوالديهم ولجميع المسلمين ووافق الفراغ منها ضحوة يوم الجمعة لسبع بقين من شهر الله المعظم شعبان من عام ۱۱3۶ عرفنا الله خيره وسلام على جميع الانبياء والمرسلين والحمد لله رب العالمين"

Dedication:

Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!

Contents:

1. p.1-p.43 : al-Masāʼil al-fiqhīyah / Abū ʻImrān al-Fāsī.
2. p.44-p.58 : [book on fiqh opening in Bāb al-Ṭahārah and concluding in Bāb al-Nikāḥ].
3. p.59-p.60 : [Bāb nadb al-ghars from Mukhtaṣar Khalīl] / Khalīl ibn Isḥāq al-Jundī.
4. p.60-p.130 : al-Taysīr wa-al-tashīl fī dhikr mā aghfalahu al-shaykh Khalīl min aḥkām al-mughārasah wa-al-tawlīj wa-al-taṣyīr / Abū Zayd ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn ʻAbd al-Qādir al-Fāsī.

Physical Details:
Collation:

i, VI+2 (14), III (20), III+3 (29), 3 VI(65) ; sexternions [senions] and ternions ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (skips added 'title page').

Layout:

Written in 31 and 29 lines per page.

Script:

Maghribī ; two main hands ; opening hand (through p.58, supplying bulk of first two works) compact and somewhat angular ; hand supplying final two works (from p.59) more uniform ; both with inclination to the right, sweeping descenders, etc. ; occasionally vocalized.

Decoration:

Section headings and keywords rubricated.

Support:

European laid paper of two main types ; through p.58, type with 8 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 31-32 mm. apart (horizontal), and watermarks of triple mount with cross above (see p.8, 12, 13, 18, etc.) and initials [?] in circle (see p.16, etc. and compare Monts - Trois monts imbriqués nos.9 and 9A in Velkov, Les Filigranes dans les documents Ottomans), sturdy and well-burnished ; from p.59 through close, type with 11 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 22-24 mm. apart (horizontal), and grapes (raisin) watermark (see p.74, 80, etc.), thin and crisp though sturdy, well-burnished.

Binding:

Pasteboards covered in coated orange paper with black cloth over spine (quarter binding) ; Type III binding (without flap) ; exposed boards untinted, hinges in blue paper ; sewn in heavy white thread, two stations ; overall in somewhat poor condition with some abrasion, lifting and losses of paper, minor delamination of boards, etc.

Accompanying Materials:

a. Inventory cataloguing slip in hand of Winifred Smeaton Thomas -- b. Acquisitions slip from Yahuda.

Former Shelfmarks:

From inner front cover and label on lower cover, "IL 334" (likely supplied by Yahuda, see acquisitions slip).

Origin:

As appears in colophon on p.43, opening work copied by al-Ḥusayn ibn Abī al-Qāsim ( الحسين بن ابي القاسم ) with transcription completed 26 Rajab 1155 [ca. 26 September 1742] (date provided in ghubār numerals). As appears in colophon on p.130, final work copied for himself by Aḥmad ibn ʻAbd al-ʻAzīz ibn Saʻd ibn ʻAlī al-Jazāʼirī al-Mālikī al-Ashʻarī al-Baṣrī (احمد بن عبد العزيز بن سعد بن علي الجزائري المالكي الاشعري البصري ) with transcription completed with seven days left in Shaʻbān 1135 [ca. 29 May 1723] (date provided in ghubār numerals).

Ownership and History:

Occasional marginal corrections ; occasional notabilia (side-heads) often marked "قف".

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

05--Khalīl ibn Isḥāq al-Jundī,--d. 1365?--Mukhtaṣar.--Bāb nadb al-ghars.
05--خليل بن اسحاق الجندي.--مختصر.--باب ندب الغرس.
06--Abū Zayd al-Fāsī, ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn ʻAbd al-Qādir,--1630 or 31-1684 or 5.--Taysīr wa-al-tashīl fī dhikr mā aghfalahu al-shaykh Khalīl min aḥkām al-mughārasah wa-al-tawlīj wa-al-taṣyīr.
06--ابو زيد الفاسي, عبد الرحمن بن عبد القادر.--تيسير والتسهيل في ذكر ما اغفله الشيخ خليل من احكام المغارسة والتوليج والتصيير.
Mughārasahمغارسة

Scribe(s):

08 Ibn Abī al-Qāsim, al-Ḥusayn, fl. 1742, scribe. 09 Aḥmad ibn ʻAbd al-ʻAzīz ibn Saʻd ibn ʻAlī al-Jazāʼirī, fl. 1723, scribe. 08 ابن ابي القاسن، الحسين, ناسخ. 09 احمد بن عبد العزيز بن سعد بن علي الجزائري, ناسخ.

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

In Collection:

Yahuda Collection.

References:

Brockelmann, C. GAL,S I 660Brockelmann, C. GAL,II 460University of Michigan Library. Manuscripts & papyri : an exhibition arranged for the XXVII International Congress of Orientalists, Ann Arbor, Michigan, August 13-19, 1967. (Ann Arbor, MI [?], 1967),no.76, p.20Velkov, Asparouh. Les Filigranes dans les documents Ottomans: divers types d’images. Sofia: Éditions "Texte - A. Trayanov", 2005.

Images1 2


Posted by evyn on October 20, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Yahuda Collection

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