Isl. Ms. 647


Sharḥ Gulistān,[983, i.e. 1575].شرح كلستان,[983ه, 1575م].


Surūrī, Muṣliḥ al-Dīn,1492-1562.سروري، مصلح الدين.

Place/Date of Production:



236 leaves :paper ;208 x 134 (130 x 60) mm.


Fine copy of the Arabic commentary upon the Gulistān of Sa‘dī, composed by Muṣliḥ al-Dīn Muṣṭafá Surūrī (Sürûrî) for prince Mustafa (d.1553) son of Sultan Süleyman I (r.1520-66).

Other Title(s):

شرح گسلتان


Persian poetry--747-1500--History and criticism--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Saʻdī.--Gulistān--Criticism, Textual--Early works to 1800.




Ms. codex.
Title from inscription on 'title page' (p.1).


"الحمد لله الذي جعلني من علماء البيان والمعاني ... وبعد فان العبد المتوسل الى رحمة الملك القدير بعذر تقصيره في شكر نعمه سرورى الفقير كان منقطعا عن الناس ومعرضا عن الاستئناس ثم دعاه الى الخدمة بالامر السلطاني والقائد الوارد بالكتاب الحاقاني افضل آل عثمان صاحب العلم والعرفان السلطان ابن السلطان السلطان مصطفى بن السلطان سليمان ... ولما كان كتاب كلستان مشتملا على حكايات غريبة وغطات عجيبة ... بحيث يحتاج اكثر مواضعه الى الشرح والبيان ... شرحته شرحا كافيا ..."


"من بعد ذلك الطلب غفرانا لصاحبه اعلم ايها الناظر في شرحي هذا ان الشارح الاول قد بذل جهده في شرحه وان اخطأ في مواضع كثيرة وقد نبهت على مواضع الخطأ واوردت الصواب وبالغت في رده باللطائف لان كلستان موضع الفرح غفر الله تع له ولي ولسائر المسلمين"


"Authorial," rectangular, reads "تم شرح كلستان في اخر ربيع الاخر سنة سبع وخمسين وتسعمائة في بلدة اماسية حميت عن البلية" ; "Scribal," triangular, reads "وقد وقع الفراغ من كتابته اواسط جمادى الاخرى سنة ثلث وثمان وتسعمائة في بلدة اسلامبول كتبه الفقير احمد ابن فرهاد غفر الله له ولوالديه واحسن اليهما واليه تم بعون الله"


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:

V (10), V+1 (21), 21 V(231), III-1 (236) ; chiefly quinions ; initially lacks proper catchwords but last word of final line on the verso of each leaf is usually repeated at the beginning of the first line on the following recto ; from p.180, catchwords isolated in the lower margin of the verso present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (mistakenly skips two pages each between pp.31-32, 167-168, 311-312, 431-432).


Written in 19 lines per page ; frame-ruled.


Nastaʻlīq (talik) ; elegant Turkish hand ; serifless with mainly closed counters, effect of tilt to the right, only slight effect of words descending to baseline, exaggerated thickness of horizontal strokes.


Keywords, certain excerpts (ḥadīth, etc.) and abbreviation symbols (stroke above notable words, etc.) rubricated ; overlining in red ; textual dividers in the form of inverted commas in red.


European laid paper of at least two types ; one type with 10 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 26-27 mm. apart (horizontal), and watermarks including font with lid and cross [leaf] (or cardinal’s mitre / chapeau) (see p.30, 33, 130, 131, 458, 464, etc. and compare Chapeau nos. 3447, etc. in Briquet, Les Filigranes, Chapeau nos.2-8 in Velkov, Les Filigranes dans les documents Ottomans and nos. 31-32 in Nikolaev, Watermarks of the Ottoman Empire, vol. 1) and angel / figure in circle with star above (see p.460, 461, etc.), thin though sturdy, well-burnished to glossy ; another type with 11-12 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 28-29 mm. apart (horizontal), angel / figure watermark (see p.366, 367, etc.) and "H S" under trefoil countermark (see p.288), lighter in color, sturdier ; some staining and foxing.


Pasteboards covered in black leather with spine in brown leather ; Type III binding (or possibly Type II with flap now lost) ; doublures in dark red leather, now partially covered by untinted laid paper ; upper and lower covers carry gold-stamped (with recessed onlays) mandorla (filled with vegetal composition, compare Déroche class. OAi 9) and pendants, along with tooled border ; sewn in black and cream thread, two stations, many threads broken or gone ; overall in quite poor condition with significant abrasion, lifting and losses of leather (onlays in particular) and board, delamination of boards, detaching at spine ; housed in box for protection.

Accompanying Materials:

Acquisitions slip from Yahuda.

Former Shelfmarks:

From inner front cover and spine label, "IL 214" (likely supplied by Yahuda, see acquisitions slip).


As appears in colophon on p.460, copied in Istanbul by Aḥmad ibn Farhād (Ahmet bin Ferhat [ Ferhâd ]) with transcription completed mid-Jumādá II 983 [September 1575]. As appears in preceding authorial colophon, composition completed in Amasya end of Rabīʻ II 957 [March-April 1552].

Ownership and History:

Ownership statement in name of Delvineli Şerefzade el-Hac Ebübekîr (i.e. of the sancak of Delvine, Albania) accompanied by faint circular seal impression above opening on incipit page (p.2), statement reads "استصحبه الفقير الى الله الغني القدير دلوينه لى شرف زاده الحاج ابو بكير" ; on p.462, ownership statement dated 1 Jumādá II 1068 [ca. 6 March 1658] in name of one Abdullah b. Abdurrahman b. [?] Şeyh Acemzade (عبد الله بن عبد الرحمن بن الشيخ عدم زاده/ ʻAbd Allāh ibn ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn [?] al-Shaykh ʻAjamʻzādah) reads "قد دخل ملكي في غرة جمادى الاخر لسنة ثمان وستين والف وانا الفقير عبد الله بن عبد الرحمن [...؟] وبن [؟] الشهير الشيخ عجم زاده القاضي بقضاء [...؟] مؤقتا" ; marginal glosses and corrections ; notabilia (side-heads) marked مطلب (usually rubricated).

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

05--Ahmet bin Ferhat,--fl. 1575,--copyist.


05 احمد بن فرهاد، ناسخ.

Former Owner(s):

06 ʻAbd Allāh ibn ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn al-Shaykh ʻAjamʻzādah, fl. 1658, former owner. 06 عبد الله بن عبد الرحمن بن الشيخ عجم زاده, مالك سابق.

In Collection:

Yahuda Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GAL,S II 650Velkov, Asparouh. Les Filigranes dans les documents Ottomans: divers types d’images. Sofia: Éditions "Texte - A. Trayanov", 2005.Nikolaev, Vsevolod. Watermarks of the mediaeval Ottoman documents in Bulgarian libraries. In Watermarks of the Ottoman Empire, volume 1. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1954.

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Posted by evyn on October 20, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Persian MSS, Yahuda Collection

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