Isl. Ms. 630


[Talkhīṣ al-Miftāḥ maʻa al-Masālik,18th century].[تلخيص المفتاح مع المسالك,القرن 18م].


Qazwīnī, Jalāl al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn ʻAbd al-Raḥmān,1267 or 8-1338.قزويني، جلال الدين محمد بن عبد الرحمن.

Place/Date of Production:



81 leaves :paper ;207 x 137 (131 x 57) mm.


Fine copy of Talkhīṣ al-Miftāḥ, the abridgment by al-Qazwīnī, Khaṭīb Dimashq, (d.1338) of the third part of Miftāḥ al-ʻulūm by Yūsuf ibn Abī Bakr al-Sakkākī (d. 626/1229) on rhetoric (ʻilm al-maʻānī wa-al-bayān), followed by an abridgment of al-Qazwīnī's abridgment by Nūr al-Dīn Ḥamzah ibn Durghūd [or Ṭurghūd or Ṭūrghūd] (Nurettin Hamza bin Turgut Aydınî, d.1572), entitled al-Masālik. Contents listing on opening 'title page' (p.1) suggests that these two works were once bound with two additional works, now lacking.

Other Title(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!


Arabic language--Rhetoric--Early works to 1800.
Arabic language--Grammar--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Sakkākī, Yūsuf ibn Abī Bakr,--1160-1229.--Miftāḥ al-ʻulūm.--Qism 3.
Qazwīnī, Jalāl al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn ʻAbd al-Raḥmān,--1267 or 8-1338.--Talkhīṣ al-Miftāḥ.




Ms. codex.
Title supplied by cataloguer.


[Talkhīṣ al-Miftāḥ] "الحمد لله على ما انعم وعلم من البيان ما لم نعلم و الصلوة على سيدنا محمد خير من نطق بالصواب ... اما بعد فلما كان علم البلاغة و توابعها من اجل العلوم قدرا و ادقها سرا ..." ; [al-Masālik] "الحمد لمن علم الانسان ما احتواه القرآن ... اما بعد فلما رفع العزيمة من اغتنم باقتباس انوار شمس العالمين اضعف الخلائق حمزة بن درغود نور الدين على حج بيت الله البيت الحرام وتقبيل عتبة سيد الانام ركب السفينة من قسطنطنية ... فاشتغل بحفظ تلخيص المفتاح ... فرتب بعد قضاء الوطر رسالة على مقدمة ومسالك ثلاثة وخاتمة خالصة عن المهالك وموسومة بالمسالك ..."


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1. p.1 : [opening 'title page' with various excerpts, former owners' marks, etc.].
2. p.2-p.100 : Talkhīṣ al-Miftāḥ / Jalāl al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn ʻAbd al-Raḥmān al-Qazwīnī.
3. p.101 : [originally left blank to serve as 'title page' for following work, now carries assorted excerpts].
4. p.102-p.160 : al-Masālik / Hamza bin Turgut Aydınî.
5. p.161-p.162 : [blank].

Physical Details:

7 V(70), VI-1 (81) ; almost exclusively quinions ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes one insert and mistakenly skips two pages between p.95 and p.96).


Written in 19 lines per page ; frame-ruled (impression of ruling board evident).


Naskh ; elegant Turkish hand ; virtually serifless (though alif of lām-alif ligature resembles ٩), in places fairly vertical and elsewhere with effect of tilt to the left, rounded with curvilinear descenders, pointing in strokes rather than distinct dots, occasional sweeping tails (final yāʼ, qāf, etc.) ; partially vocalized.


Simple illuminated headpiece at opening on p.2 consisting of an arrangement of abstract floral forms in gold defining the shape of a triangular piece (or hasp) ; text of incipit and facing page for opening work (pp.2-3) surrounded by gold frame ; thereafter written area surrounded by a red rule-border ; keywords, passages of text being commented upon, sections headings, etc. rubricated ; textual divders in the form of letter hāʼ (or three) in red ; some overlining in red.


European laid paper with 11 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 23 mm. apart (horizontal), and watermarks including grapes (raisin) with crown above (see p.150, 155, etc.), arms in circle with crown above (see p.152, 153, etc.), and name (see p.148, 157, etc.), thin and transluscent though sturdy, well-burnished to glossy, medium cream in color.


Pasteboards covered in marbled paper (once in dark blue, salmon, lavender, lime green, etc.) with dark red-brown leather over spine, fore edge flap, and edges/turn-ins (framed binding) ; Type II binding (with flap) ; board linings in untinted laid paper ; sewn in dark pink thread, two stations ; overall in poor condition with significant abrasion, staining, lifting and losses of leather, delamination of boards, upper cover fully detached, etc. ; repairs in tan leather ; housed in box for protection.

Accompanying Materials:

a. Acquisitions slip from Yahuda -- b. Inventory cataloguing slip in hand of Winifred Smeaton Thomas -- c. Slip with notes (paginated pp.81-82).

Former Shelfmarks:

From inner front cover, "IL 59c" (likely supplied by Yahuda, see acquisitions slip).


Lacks dated colophon ; paper, etc. suggest 18th century.

Ownership and History:

Ownership statement on opening 'title page' (p.1) dated 1201 [1786 or 7] in name of Osman, müftü in Diyarbakır (آمد) and son of Ebubekir Efendi, Kuçuk Ahmetzade (d.1776, see Osmanlı müellifleri vol.2, p.311), accompanied by his oval seal impression, statement reads "من كتب الفقير اليه عز شأنه عثمان المفتي بمدينه آمد حمي عن المكائد [؟] ابن الحاج ابو بكر افندى الشهير بكجوك احمد زاده عفي عنهم العافي ينه ١٢٠١" (compare statements in Isl. Ms. 540 and Isl. Ms. 558) ; glosses and occasional marginal corrections.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

04--Hamza bin Turgut Aydınî,--d. 1572.--Masālik.
04--حمزة بن درغود آيدينى.--مسالك.


05 عثمان بن كوجك احمد زاده ابو بكر افندى، ناسخ.

Former Owner(s):

05 Osman bin Kuçuk Ahmetzade Ebubekir Efendi, fl. 1786, former owner.

In Collection:

Yahuda Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GAL,I 295 ; I 296 no. 2 (auszüge)Ḥājjī Khalīfah. Kashf al-ẓunūn,1 / 478

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on October 20, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Yahuda Collection

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