Isl. Ms. 623


Sharḥ al-Ājurrūmīyah,[875, i.e. 1471].شرح الآجرومية,[875ه, 1471م].


Ḥalāwī, Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad,1416 or 17-1478 or 9.حلاوي، محمد بن محمد.

Place/Date of Production:



75 leaves :paper ;183 x 140 (139 x 99) mm.


Fine copy (even collated by the author himself) of the commentary by Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad al-Ḥalāwī al-Maqdisī (d.1478) on Ibn Ājurrūm's (d.1323) concise treatise on iʻrāb, al-Muqaddamah al-Ājurrūmīyah.

Other Title(s):

Title from inscription on 'title page' (p.1):هذا كتاب الحلاوي


Arabic language--Grammar--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Ibn Ājurrūm, Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad,--1273 or 4-1323.--Ajurrūmīyah.




Ms. codex.
Title from inscription on interior of upper cover.


"وبه نستعين اللهم صل على سيدنا محمد وآله وصحبه وسلم الحمد لله الذي علم بالقلم علم الانسان ما لم يعلم وصلى الله وسلم على سيدنا ومولانا محمد ... اما بعد فيقول اضعف عباد الله تعالى واحوجهم الى عفوه ومغرفته ورحمته محمد بن محمد ابن الحلاوي غفر الله ذنوبه وستر عيوبه في الدنيا والاخرة امين [لما] رأيت قلوب طلبة العلم من تحصيل ابناء زماننا اسعدهم الله مشغوفة ... المختصر في علم النحو للشيخ الامام ابي عبد الله محمد بن محمد بن داود ... الشهير بالجرومي ... واقسم علي من لا اقدر حنثه لما وجب علي من حقه ان اجمع شرحا على هذا المختصر ..."


"وهي عبارة عما افادت تعريفا كما تقدم كقولك عبد الله او تخصيصا كقوله صلى الله عليه وسلم صلى الله عليه وسلم خمس صلوات كتبهن الله وصلى الله على سيدنا محمد خير خلق الله واخوانه من النبيين وال كل وصحب كل وسائر عباد الله الصالحين وسلم افضل صلواته وسلامه عدد معلوماته كلما ذكر الذاكرون وعقل عن ذكره العاقلون تم [؟] وحسبنا الله ونعم الوكيل ولا قوة الا بالله العلي العظيم والحمد لله رب العالمين ونسأل الله المغفرة لنا ولجميع المسلمين"


"Scribal," rectangular, reads "وكان الفراغ من هذه النسخة المبراكة ان شاء [؟] الله تعالى على يد الفقير المذنب الحقير محمد بن خالد بك [؟] الرحلاوي الشافعى [؟] بدمشق المحروسة بمدرسة السميصاطية ... عاشر شهر رجب الفرد المعظم من شهور سنة خمسة وسبعين وثمانمائة والحمد لله ..."


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Physical Details:

6 V(60), V-1 (69), III (75) ; chiefly quinions ; second quire replaced (likely 17th century) ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization.


Written in 17 lines per page ; frame-ruled.


Naskh ; at least three fine Syrian hands as well as hand of replacement leaves ; opening hand virtually serifless (though occasional head-serifs appear on free-standing alif), with curvilinear descenders, rightward descenders tapered, mainly open counters, pointing in distinct dots, alif of قال often curving back as if to supply pointing for qāf (though dots also appear) ; second quire on later replacement leaves in different, clear Turkish hand, with effect of tilt to the left ; hand from there until just before the close clear though angular with many closed counters, slight effect of tilt or inclination to the right, pointing in distinct dots, vertical character ; section toward the close in still a different hand, somewhat flattened and elongated in the horizontal, rounded with slight tilt to left, pointing mainly in distinct dots ; partially vocalized throughout.


Keywords and text being commented upon (matn al-Ājurrūmīyah) rubricated ; textual dividers in the form of inverted commas.


non-European (likely Arab) laid paper of perhaps two 'types', the first with roughly 8 laid lines per cm. (vertical) and chain lines grouped in threes with 11-14 mm. between the chains and 33 mm. between the groups (see bifolium pp.109-112), the second with 9 mm. between the chains and and 44 mm. between the groups (see bifolium pp.67-74, 107-114, etc.) ; mould marks are only faintly visible in many leaves of both 'types', both very sturdy though soft, burnished and quite smooth, with some inclusions ; second quire (replacement) on European laid paper with 7 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 28 mm. apart (horizontal), and crown star crescent watermark (roughly 60 mm. in height, see pp.30-32) ; alternating bifolia in fifth quire tinted yellow.


Very thin pasteboards (only a few layers of paper thick) covered in surface-dyed black paper with recycled paper (i.e. manuscript 'waste') and parchment over spine ; Type III binding (without flap) ; 'board linings' and hinges in recycled paper ; original sewing stations visible (two plus primaries) though now resewn in cream thread (mainly stab sewn) and sewn through spine at center with threads visible on spine and at p.66 and p.75 ; overall in quite poor condition with significant lifting and losses of paper and spine parchment, delamination of 'boards' (layers of recycled paper visible in upper cover), moisture damage, etc. ; housed in box for protection.

Accompanying Materials:

a. Acquisitions slip from Yahuda.

Former Shelfmarks:

From inner front cover and spine label, "IL 173" (likely supplied by Yahuda, see acquisitions slip).


As appears in colophon on p.149, copied by Muḥammad ibn Khālid Bīk [?] al-Riḥlāwī al-Shāfiʻī [?] in the Sumayṣāṭīyah madrasah in Damascus with transcription finished 10 Rajab 875 [January 1471]. Collation statement in the hand of the author also on p.149 indicates that this copy was collated with an exemplar in his hand and the collation completed 25 Shaʻbān 876 [February 1472].

Ownership and History:

Ownership statement on 'title page' (p.1) in name of Ḥasan al-Rizq accompanied by circular seal impression (repeated more clearly on p.3) , statement reads "ملكه بالشراء الشرعي حسن الرزق [؟]" and seal impression reads "حسن الرزق ١٣١٤" ; another ownership statement on 'title page' (p.1) appears to be in name of one [...?] Shams al-Dīn al-Armanāzī reads "ملكه من فضل ربه عز وجل [...؟] شمس الدين الارمنازي عفي عنه" ; another nearly effaced ownership statement in name of Muḥyī [al-Dīn ?] al-Dādīkhī ( محيي ... الداديخي ) also on 'title page' (p.1) ; collation statement on p.149 appears to be in the hand of the author, reads "الحمد لله بلغ مقابلة من اوله الى اخره على خط مؤلفه وذلك في الخامس والعشرون [؟] من شعبان من شهور سنة ٨٧٦ كتبه مؤلفه غفر الله له ; among excerpts on verso of final leaf (p.150), gift statement in name of Sayadizade Mehmet Efendi (صيادى زاده السيد محمد افندى / Ṣayādīʻzādah al-Sayyid Muḥammad Afandī) and Hasan Bey Halit ( حسن بيك خالد / Ḥasan Bīk Khālid) [?] as well as bequest statement in name of al-Shaykh ʻAlwān ( الشيخ علوان) signed by al-Shaykh Yūsuf (الشيخ يوسف) ; occasional marginal corrections.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

05--Ḥalāwī, Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad,--1416 or 17-1478 or 9,--collator.
05--حلاوي، محمد بن محمد،--مقابل.


04 Muḥammad ibn Khālid al-Riḥlāwī, fl. 1471, scribe. 04 محمد بن خالد الرحلاوي، ناسخ.

Former Owner(s):

06 Ḥasan al-Rizq, fl. 1896, former owner. 06 حسن الرزق، مالك سابق.

In Collection:

Yahuda Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GAL,II 238 no. 4Ḥājjī Khalīfah. Kashf al-ẓunūn,vi 73

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on October 20, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Yahuda Collection

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