Shelfmark:

Isl. Ms. 622

Title:

Sharḥ al-Alfīyah,[mid to late 16th century?].شرح الالفية,[اواسط الى اواخر القرن 16م؟].

Author:

Ibn al-Nāẓim, Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad,d. 1287 or 9.ابن الناظم، محمد بن محمد.

Place/Date of Production:

[Syria?,1550-1580?].

Size:

252 leaves :paper ;212 x 162 (145 x 84) mm.

Summary:

Fine copy of the commentary on the Alfīyah by Ibn Malik (Muḥammad ibn ʻAbd Allāh, d.1273) by his son, Badr al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad (d.1287), on grammar.

Other Title(s):

Title from inscription on 'title page' (p.1):ابن الناظم على الافيةTitle from text of ijāzah at close (p.504):شرح المنظومة المسماة بالخلاصة

Subject(s):

Arabic language--Grammar--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Ibn Mālik, Muḥammad ibn ʻAbd Allāh,--d. 1274.--Alfīyah.

Language:

Arabic.

Notes:

Ms. codex.
Title from inscription on interior of upper cover.

Incipit:

"اما بعد حمد الله سبحانه وتعالى بما له من المحامد على ما اسبغ من نعمه البوادي والعوايد ... فاني ذاكر في هذا الكتاب ارجوزة والدي في علم النحو المسماة بالخلاصة بشرح يحل منها المشاكل ويفتح من ابوابها كل مقفل ..."

Explicit:

"هذا اخر ما تضمنت هذه الارجوزة من علم احكام النحو ولذلك لما انتهى اليه لم يعقبه باكثر من قوله وما بجمعه عنيت قد كمل ... فاعلم انه قد انتهى غرضية من هذا النطم وانه قد اشتمل على اعظم المهمات من علم العربية تم ختم الكتاب بحمد الله تعالى وبالصلاة على نبيه محمد صلى الله عليه وعلى آله واصحابه الطيبين الطاهرين صلاة دائمة الى يوم الدين سبحان ربك رب العزة عما يصفون وسلام على المرسلين والحمد لله رب العالمين"

Colophon:

Can you help transcribe the colophon? Please comment!

Dedication:

Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!

Contents:

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:
Collation:

24 V(240), VI (252), i ; almost exclusively quinions (though most bifolia now split) ; catchwords present ; foliation in brown ink, Hindu-Arabic numerals ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization.

Layout:

Written in 19 lines per page ; frame-ruled (impression of ruling board evident).

Script:

Naskh ; spacious, elegant and idiosyncratic 'Syrian' [?] hand in a narrow line ; virtually serifless and quite rounded with thickening and elongation of many descenders and horizontal strokes, occasional inclination to the right or left, pointing in distinct dots, point of final nūn set deep and nearly fully encircled by bowl, final yāʼ and alif maqṣūrah mainly mardūdah ; hand changes at p.401, also quite elegant, fluid and rounded with bowl of final nūn fully encircling dot.

Decoration:

Keywords and abbreviation symbols rubricated ; textual dividers in the form of inverted commas in red.

Support:

European laid paper of a few different types ; opening type with 9 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 28-29 mm. apart (horizontal), anchor (two line) in circle with six-pointed star above watermark (roughly 62 mm. tall, see p.66, 75, etc.), and possibly "AP" countermark (see p.111, etc.), sturdy and well-burnished ; another type with 11 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 24 mm. apart (horizontal), font with lid and cross (or cardinal's mitre / chapeau) watermark (see p.190, 191, 228, 233, etc. and compare Velkov Chapeau nos.1-8 and Nikolaev nos. 31-32) and "CC" under trefoil countermark (see p.250, etc.) ; final flyleaf with 7 laid lines per cm. (horizontal), chain lines spaced 29 mm. apart (vertical), and three crescents watermark (85 mm. long, perpendicular to chains).

Binding:

Pasteboards covered in brown leather ; Type II binding (with flap) ; board linings in yellow laid paper ; upper and lower covers carry stamped mandorla (filled with vegetal composition) and pendants (with recessed onlays) as well as tooled floral accents and rule border ; sewning gone, traces of two sewing stations, most bifolia now split ; overall in somewhat poor condition with significant abrasion, staining, lifting and losses of leather, etc. ; serves as wrapper for the gatherings, perhaps never attached to text block though sized fairly well.

Accompanying Materials:

a. Inventory cataloguing slip in hand of Winifred Smeaton Thomas. -- b. Acquisitions slip from Yahuda.

Former Shelfmarks:

From inner front cover and spine label, "IL 180" (likely supplied by Yahuda, see acquisitions slip).

Origin:

Lacks dated colophon ; ownership statement in name of Muḥammad Saʻīd ibn ʻAlī al-Asadī provides a terminus ante quem of 1133 [1720 or 21] ; paper, hand, etc. would suggest mid to late 16th century.

Ownership and History:

Several former owners' marks on 'title page' (p.1) including ownership statement dated 1133 [1720 or 21] in name of Muḥammad [Saʻīd] ibn ʻAlī al-Asadī, a mudarris in Ḥalab for whom an ijāzat also appears at the close of the text on p.504 (statement reads "ملكه الفقير اليه عز شانه محمد بن علي الاسدي المدرس بحلب المحروسة غفر لهما في سنة ١١٣٣") accompanied by an octagonal ownership statement, a miniscule octagonal seal impression with inscription "الفقير احمد", a lending notice signed Salīm al-Ṭībbī [or al-Ṭayyibī] (سليم الطيبي) indicating that he had borrowed the book from Mustafa Bey bin Akif Bey (جناب مصطفى بيك ابن سعادة عاكف بيك), and another ownership statement dated 13 Shawwāl 1271 [June 1855] in name of Muḥammad Saʻīd al-Usṭuwānī (1822-1888) indicating that he had purchased the book from the aforementioned Mustafa Bey ; oval seal impression in name of Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ( احمد بن محمد ) on p.7 ; at close on p.504, an ijāzah for Muḥammad Saʻīd ibn ʻAlī al-Asadī (authorizing him to transmit this work) dated Muḥarram 1135 [October-November 1722] as well as an ijāzah for his son Ibrāhīm ibn Muḥammad Saʻīd Asadīʻzādah (dated Rabīʻ I 1164 [February-March 1751]) ; extensive marginal and interlinear glosses and corrections (some decoratively shaped, see p.61, etc.).

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Scribe(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

04 Muḥammad Saʻīd ibn ʻAlī al-Asadī, fl. 1720, former owner. 05 Mustafa Bey bin Akif Bey, former owner. 06 Usṭuwānī, Muḥammad Saʻīd, 1822-1888, former owner. 04 محمد سعيد بن علي الاسدي، مالك سابق. 05 مصطفى بك بن عاكف بك، مالك سابق. 06 اسطواني، محمد سعيد، مالك سابق.

In Collection:

Yahuda Collection.

References:

Brockelmann, C. GAL,I 298 / II cmtare 1 ; SIVelkov, Asparouh. Les Filigranes dans les documents Ottomans: divers types d'images. Sofia: Éditions "Texte - A. Trayanov", 2005.Nikolaev, Vsevolod. Watermarks of the mediaeval Ottoman documents in Bulgarian libraries. In Watermarks of the Ottoman Empire, volume 1. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1954.

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on October 20, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Yahuda Collection

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