Isl. Ms. 556


Wiqāyat al-riwāyah fī masāʼil al-Hidāyah,[836, i.e. 1433].وقاية الرواية في مسائل الهداية,[836ه، 1433م].


Burhān al-Sharīʻah, Maḥmūd ibn ʻUbayd Allāh,d. 1274 or 5.برهان الشريعة, محمود بن عبيد الله.

Place/Date of Production:



129 leaves :paper ;270 x 190 (150 x 95) mm.


Extensively annoted copy of the epitome on the celebrated work of Ḥanafī fiqh, al-Hidāyah by ʻAlī ibn Abī Bakr al-Marghīnānī (d. 1196 or 7) with table of contents (pp.3-4) and many notes and excerpts at opening and close of codex.

Other Title(s):

Wiqāyat al-riwāyahوقاية الروايةTitle from inscription on front partial pastedown:وقاية الرواية في مسائل الهداية


Islamic law--Interpretation and construction--Early works to 1800.
Hanafites--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Marghīnānī, ʻAlī ibn Abī Bakr,--d. 1196 or 7.--Hidāyah.




Ms. codex.
Title from opening matter on p.11.


"حمد من جعل العلم لجل [اجل] المواهب الهنية واسناءها واعلى المراتب السنية واسماءها ... وبعد فان الولد الاعز عبيد الله ... لما فرغ من حفظ الكتب الادبية وتحقيق لطائف الفضل ونكت العربية احببت ان يحفظ في علم الاحكام كتابا رائعا ولعيون مسائل الفقه راعيا مقبول الترتيب والنظام مستحسنا عند الخواص والعوام وما الفيت في المختصرات ما هذا شانه فالفت في رواية كتاب الهداية ... مختصرا جامعا لجميع مسائله ... موسوما بوقاية الرواية في مسائل الهداية ..."


"وفي غنم مذبوحة فيها ميتة هي اقل تحرى واكل في الاختيار"


"Scribal," triangular, reads "تمت الكتاب الوقاية بالعون والهداية على يد العبد الضعيف المحتاج الى رحمة ربه اللطيف محمود بن سوندك بن خير بن امن حسين [؟] اللهم اغفر لهم برحمتك يا عزيز يا رحمن في آخر الشهر المبارك رمضان من يوم الخميس [؟] في وقت الضحوة الكبرى في تاريخ سنة ست وثلاثين وثمانمائة كتبه لنفسه ولمن يقرأ من بعده"


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:

i, 4 (4), V-2 (12), V (22), 3 (25), 2 IV (41), 2 V(61), I (63), V (73), IV (81), IV+1 (90), 3 V(120), V-2+1 (129), i ; chiefly quinions ; catchwords present ; foliation in black ink, Hindu-Arabic numerals ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes added leaves and some inserts).


Written in 15 lines per page ; frame-ruled.


Naskh ; clear, elegant hand in a narrow line ; virtually serifless and freely ligatured with slight inclination to the left, elongation of horizontal strokes, curvilinear descenders, tāʼ marbūṭah and hāʼ set down in foot / tail of preceding dāl, rāʼ, etc., final hāʼ and preceding rāʼ, etc. often assimilated, kāf mashqūqah preferred (even final kāf) but occasionally (in headings) represented by little kāf seated on vertical stroke (see p.93), pointing mainly in strokes rather than distinct dots ; text of replacement leaves (pp.149-166) in a Turkish naskh, partially seriffed, inclined to the left, pointing in conjoined dots or strokes.


Keywords, section headings and abbreviation symbols (mainly two-teeth stroke) rubricated ; textual dividers in the form of red inverted commas.


non-European laid paper of perhaps several types ; mainly with 9 laid lines per cm. (horizontal) and chain lines visible but fairly indistinct and difficult to discern (possibly grouped in threes or threes and twos with 8-10 mm. between chains and 42 mm. between groups, see p.234), thick and now soft though well-burnished (some leaves till quite glossy) ; staining and tide lines ; some added leaves in European laid paper ; replacements leaves (see pp.149-166) on a European laid paper with 8 laid lines per cm. (horizontal), chain lines spaced 26 mm. apart (vertical), and crown-star watermark (see p.166 and compare no.70 in Nikolaev, Watermarks of the Ottoman Empire, vol.1), sturdy and well-burnished.


Pasteboards covered in dark brown leather with tan leather repairs at spine, fore edge flap and board edges ; Type II binding (with flap) ; board linings (doublures) in shell marbled paper (in pink, light and dark blue, white) now partially covered by flyleaves in brown wove paper (partially affixed to the boards) ; upper and lower covers carry a blind-stamped scalloped mandorla filled with vegetal decoration (compare Déroche class. NA 5) ; now sewn in cream thread, two stations ; worked chevron endbands in red and yellow, good condition ; overall in somewhat poor condition with abrasion, lifting and losses of leather (particularly at foreedge flap which is detaching at lower cover), staining, etc. ; numerous repairs.

Accompanying Materials:

a. Inventory cataloguing slip in hand of Winifred Smeaton Thomas -- b. Acquisitions slip from Yahuda -- c. Slip with notes in Turkish (paginated pp.47-48) -- d. Slip with title and inventory number (paginated pp.107-108).

Former Shelfmarks:

From front flyleaf and fore edge flap label "IL 415a" (likely supplied by Yahuda, see acquisitions slip).


As appears in colophon on p.258, copied for himself by Maḥmūd ibn Sawindik ibn Khayr ibn Aman Ḥusayn [?] (Mahmut b. Sevindik b. Hayr b. Emen Hüseyin [?]) with transcription completed at the close of Ramaḍān 836 [May 1433].

Ownership and History:

Two ownership statements on added leaf (p.8), one statement dated 1097 [1685 or 6] in name of one Muḥammad (Mehmet) "صاحبه ومالكه محمد سنه ٩۷" and another in name of al-Ḥājj Mūsá ibn al-Ḥājj Muḥammad "دخل في يد الفقير اليه سبحانه الحاج موسى ابن الحاج محمد غفر لهما" ; a few effaced former owners' marks on 'title page' (p.9) including large circular seal impression, oval seal impression and statement ; also on 'title page' (p.9) an inscription within a circle outlining the size of a dirham valued by Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥasan as related by Abū al-Ḥafṣ, taken from an inscription itself taken from an inscription in the hand of Ḥāfiẓ al-Dīn al-Bukhārī (Abū al-Faḍl Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad, d. 693/1293-4) ; collation statements on 'title page' (p.9) "عدد اوراق ١۴۳" and "عدد ١۴۳" and on verso of final leaf (p.260) "عدد اوراقه ۱٤١" ; among other excerpts on verso of a leaf following the close of the text (p.260, originally left blank), a magic square useful against plague (or epidemic, al-wabāʼ), received from the Prophet in a dream ; extensive marginal and interlinear glosses ; occasional corrections.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!


04 Mahmut bin Sevindik, fl. 1433, scribe. 04 محمود بن سوندك, ناسخ.

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

In Collection:

Yahuda Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GAL,I 376Ḥājjī Khalīfah. Kashf al-ẓunūn,vi 458Nikolaev, Vsevolod. Watermarks of the mediaeval Ottoman documents in Bulgarian libraries. In Watermarks of the Ottoman Empire, volume 1. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1954.

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Posted by evyn on October 20, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Yahuda Collection

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