Shelfmark:

Isl. Ms. 251

Title:

[Sharḥ al-ʻAqāʼid al-Nasafīyah ... etc.,873, i.e. 1469 and early 16th century].[شرح العقائد النسفية ... الخ,873ه, 1469م و اوائل القرن 16م].

Author:

Taftāzānī, Masʻūd ibn ʻUmar,1322-1389?تفتازاني, مسعود بن عمر.

Place/Date of Production:

[Merzifon, etc.,1469-1520].

Size:

146 leaves :paper ;203 x 126 (133-156 x 66-81) mm.

Summary:

Fine copy of al-Taftāzānī's commentary on the popular creed, al-ʻAqāʼid al-Nasafīyah of Abū Ḥafs ʻUmar Najm al-Dīn al-Māturīdī al-Nasafī (d. 537/1142), preceded by a commentary on Sūrat al-Anʻām (6) by Ḥāfiẓ Sulṭān Muḥammad ibn Mawlānā Bāyazīd al-Tāshkandī (Hafız Sultan Mehmet b. Mevlana Beyazit et-Taşkendi).

Other Title(s):

Title from 'title page' on p.185:شرح عقايد

Subject(s):

Islam--Doctrines--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Nasafī, ʻUmar ibn Muḥammad,--1068?-1142.--ʻAqāʼid.
Koran.--Sūrat al-Anʻām--Commentaries.

Genre:

Headpieces (layout features)15th century.Headpieces (layout features)16th century.

Language:

Arabic.

Notes:

Ms. codex.
Title supplied by cataloguer.

Incipit:

[Sharḥ Sūrat al-Anʻām] "الحمد لله الذي خلق السماوات والارض وجعل الظلمات والنور وبعث رسوله بقرآن هو شفاء لما في الصدور صلى الله عليه وعلى آله واصحابه البدور اما بعد فقد سألني جمع من الاكابر والاصاغر ممن لا يسعني مخالفتهم ان افسر آيات سورة الانعام على وجه يتضح به المرام عند الانام فاجبته سائلا متضرعا ان ينفع به كما نفع من سائر التفاسير ..." ; [Sharḥ al-ʻAqāʼid al-Nasafīyah] "الحمد لله المتوحد بجلال ذاته وكمال صفاته المتقدس في نعوت الجبروت عن شوائب النقص وسماته ... وبعد فان مبنى علم الشرائع والاحكام واساس قواعد عقائد الاسلام هو علم التوحيد والصفات الموسوم بالكلام ... وان المختصر المسمى بالعقائد للامام الهمام قدوة علماء الاسلام نجم الملة والدين عمر النسفي اعلى الله درجته في دار السلام يشتمل من هذا الفن غلى غرر الفرائد ودرر الفوائد في ضمن فصول هي للدين قواعد واصول ..."

Explicit:

[Sharḥ Sūrat al-Anʻām] "فمن قرأ الانعام صلى عليه واستغفر اولئك السبعون ملك بعدد كل آية من سورة الانعام يوما وليلة والحمد لله على انعام شرح سورة الانعام والشكر له على مزيد الانعام والاتمام والصلوة على نبيه محمد عليه الصلوة والسلام" ; [Sharḥ al-ʻAqāʼid al-Nasafīyah] "والكمال فلا دلالة على افضلية الملائكة"

Colophon:

[Sharḥ Sūrat al-Anʻām] "Authorial" and "Scribal" [?], reads: "تمت قد استارح من اصول هذا السواد الى البياض رجاء حصول وجوه البياض في الوجوه يوم تبيض وجوه وتسود وجوه خادم العلماء حافظ سلطان محمد ابن مولانا بايزيد التاشكندي صانه الله عن جميع الافات والبليات وصلى الله على محمد وعلى آله وتابعيه آمين" ; [Sharḥ al-ʻAqāʼid al-Nasafīyah] "Scribal," reads: "تمت الكتاب وحسن توفيقه [كذا] على يد الضعيف الفقير الحقير المذنب المحتاج الى رحمة الله تع وغفرانه احمد بن اخى طوى في بلدة مرزيفون من اول شهر شوال تاريخ سنه ثلث وسبعين وثمانمائة اللهم اغفر لمن نظر متن [؟] النسخة ودعاء لكاتبه امين يا رب العالمين تم تم"

Dedication:

As appears in preface (pp.6-8), Sharḥ Sūrat al-Anʻām dedicated to Sultan Selim I (r.1512-20).

Contents:

1. p.1-p.3 : [blank].
2. p.4-p.178 : Sharḥ Sūrat al-Anʻām / Muḥammad ibn Bāyazīd al-Tāshkandī.
3. p.179-p.184 : [blank].
4. p.185-p.293 : [Sharḥ al-ʻAqāʼid al-Nasafīyah] / Masʻūd ibn ʻUmar al-Taftāzānī.

Physical Details:
Collation:

i, IV-1 (7), 10 IV(87), II (91), V-1 (100), V (110), IV (118), V (128), IV (136), IV+2 (146) ; quinions and quaternions ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes front flyleaf).

Layout:

Written in 15 and and 17 lines per page ; frame-ruled.

Script:

Naskh ; two fine Turkish hands, with each work in a distinct hand ; opening work in an elegant naskh, partially but inconsistently seriffed (mainly on lām of definite article, but not on free-standing alif), with very slight effect of tilt to the left, pointing in distinct dots with two dots occasionally positioned one above the other, shaqq of kāf elongated, في often written with yāʼ mardūdah ; second work in another elegant naskh, similar to the first hand but more compact, with more closed counters and dots often contracted to lines, partially seriffed with right-sloping head-serifs appearing on free-standing alif, some letters and words superscript ; hand slightly changes at close of second work ; both works partially vocalized.

Decoration:

Elegant illuminated headpiece (ʻunwān) at opening of first work on p.4 consisting of rectangular piece (with cartouche likely once carrying basmalah) surmounted by scalloped semi-circular piece (dome), the upper portion of which has been lost to trimming ; both pieces are filled with a swirling vegetal pattern on fields of blue and gold ; keywords (in preface and close) chrysographed ; Qurʼānic text and section headings rubricated ; textual divders in the form of gold discs ; written area surrounded by frame consisting of heavy gold bank flanked by black fillets ; fine illuminated headpiece (ʻunwān) at opening of second work on p.186, consisting of rectangular panel carrying basmalah in gold in an elongated cartouche surrounded by field of blue, all overlaid with vegetal decoration reminiscent of arabesque and bordered in gold interlace with green and red accents ; text being commented upon chrysographed (apart from third to final and next to final leaf where matn is either rubricated or overlined in red) ; symbols rubricated ; written area surrounded mainly by gold rule-border, with gold and blue rules on incipit and facing page (pp.186-87) and red rule-border instead on third to final leaf (pp.289-90).

Support:

non-European laid paper of at least two types ; opening work on type with 9 laid lines per cm. (horizontal or vertical, quite indistinct) and chain lines rarely visible, medium cream in color, sturdy and well-burnished (burnisher's marks visible) ; second work on type with 8 laid lines per cm. (vertical) and chain lines (horizontal) grouped in threes with 10-12 mm. between chains and 41-42 mm. between groups, sturdy and well-burnished, some leaves tinted pink, others yellow ; minor pest damage, staining and tide lines.

Binding:

Pasteboards faced in light brown leather and edged in brown leather (leather edged framed binding) ; Type II binding (with flap, now lost) ; doublures in dark red leather with tooled border (over leather edging in dark red-brown leather) and central gold-painted diamond-shaped piece ; upper and lower covers carry large scalloped stamped (dark red leather onlays) and gold-painted mandorla (filled with vegetal decoration, compare Déroche class. OAi 9) and pendants, along with tooled border in a seires of tiny s-shaped stamps flanked by fillets over leather edging ; sewn in salmon colored thread, two stations ; worked chevron endbands in blue and yellow on salmon primaries, good condition ; overall in somewhat poor condition with flap entirely lost, abrasion, staining, lifting and losses of leather, etc. ; repairs in dark red-brown leather (rebacked, rehinged, partial edging for delaminating boards).

Former Shelfmarks:

"363 T. D. M." inscribed in pencil on recto of front flyleaf (p.1) ; "73" inscribed in pencil on opening 'title page' (p.4) ; "٢٢٩" on spine label.

Origin:

As appears in colophon on p.293, second work copied by Aḥmad ibn Akhī Ṭawī [?] (Ahmet b. Akhitovi) with transcription finished in Merzifon, first of Shawwāl 873 [1469]. First work likely composed and copied in the early part of the 16th century.

Ownership and History:

Inscriptions in pencil on recto of front flyleaf (p.1) "363 T. D. M." and opening 'title page' (p.4) "73 " ; effaced almond-shaped seal impression appears on 'title page' for second work (p.185) and at close on p.293 ; some glosses ; some notes and marginalia effaced with gold paint (see p.69, 71, 185).

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

04--Muḥammad ibn Bāyazīd al-Tāshkandī,--fl. 16th cent.--Sharḥ Sūrat al-Anʻām.
04--محمد بن بايزيد التاشكندي.--شرح سورة الانعام.

Scribe(s):

05 Aḥmad ibn Akhī Ṭawī, fl. 1469, scribe. 05 احمد بن اخي طوي، ناسخ.

Former Owner(s):

Abdülhamid II, Sultan of the Turks, 1842-1918, former owner.

In Collection:

Abdul Hamid Collection.

References:

Brockelmann, C. GAL,II 215-16, no.11 ; I 427

Images1 2


Posted by evyn on October 6, 2010
Tags: Abdul Hamid Collection, Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued

Total comments on this page: 1

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Yasin Şale on whole page :

Hello,

I think there is a mistranscription in the name of the book. Its name is “… Nasafiyah…”, not “…Nafasiyah…”.
It can easily be read from the arabic form of title between square brackets.

thank you

yasin şale

August 16, 2011 6:27 pm

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