Isl. Ms. 224


Kitāb al-Ashbāh wa-al-naẓāʼir al-naḥwīyah,[before 943, i.e. 1536].كتاب الاشباه والنظائر النحوية,[قبل 943ه، 1536م].



Place/Date of Production:



290 leaves :paper ;233 x 155 (163 x 75) mm.


Fine copy of one of al-Suyūṭī's works on the Arabic language, following the method of the religious sciences (fiqh), with both parts (halves) of the text here appearing in a single volume. Preceded by detailed table of contents (pp.4-13) and followed by several other short texts (see pp.12-13 for listing).

Other Title(s):

Ashbāh wa-al-naẓāʼir fī al-lughahاشباه والنظائر في اللغةEdge title (tail):كتاب الاشباه والنظائر من النحو للسيوطي رحمه اللهTitle from inscription on front flyleaf (p.1):كتاب الاشباه والنظائر من النحو


Arabic language--Syntax--Early works to 1800.
Arabic language--Grammar--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.


Headpieces (layout features)16th century.




Ms. codex.
Title from colophon for first half (p.284).


"سبحان الله المنزه عن الاشباه والنظائر والحمد لله المتفضل بغفران الكبائر والصغائر ... اما بعد فان فنون العربية على اختلاف انواعها هى اول فنوني ومبتدا الاخبار التي كان في احاديثها سمري وشجوني ... ومام سودت من ذلك كتاب ظريف ... ضمنته القواعد النحوية ذوات الاشباه والنظائر ... والفت كتاب الاشباه والنظائر مرتبا على اسلوب اخر يعرف من مراجعته وهذا الكتاب الذي شرعنا في تجديده في العربية يشبه كتاب القاضي تاج الدين الذي في الفقه ..."


"هذا بسرا والثانية اطيب منه عنبا لا تضحت المسئلة وانكشفت معناها والله اعلم مسئلة سئلت عن اعراب تركيب وقع في بعض كتب الحنفية ... لانه عمل قبل وجود الشرظ وذلك باطل اجماع والله سبحانه وتعالى اعلم بالصواب"


Can you help transcribe the colophon? Please comment!


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:

i, III (6), IV+1 (15), V (25), 1+IV (34), 8 V(114), III (120), 3 V(150), IV+1 (159), V (169), IV+1 (178), 5 V(228), II (232), 5 V(282), IV (290), i ; chiefly quinions ; leaves between sections left blank or partially blank ; several lacunae marked "بياض بالاصل" (see p.149, 482, 485, etc.) ; catchwords present ; foliation in black ink, Hindu-Arabic numerals ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes flyleaves).


Written in 31 lines per page ; frame-ruled.


Naskh ; clear, compact hand ; serifless with slight effect of inclination to the left, pointing mainly in distinct dots, curvilinear descenders, partially vocalized ; opening table of contents in a fine, seriffed riqāʻ then nastaʻlīq (talik).


Exquisite, superbly executed illuminated headpiece (ʻunwān / sarlawḥ) at opening on p.16, consisting of rectangular piece with gold cartouche carrying the basmalah in white riqāʻ surmounted by scalloped semi-circular piece (dome) itself surmounted by vertical stalks (tīgh) ; both pieces decorated with swirling vegetal designs with floral accents in gold, white, pink, green, and orange on fields of gold and lapis lazuli ; written area of incipit and facing page surrounded by frame consisting of gold band flanked by black fillets ; keywords, section headings and abbreviation symbols (mainly two teeth stroke above keywords) rubricated ; textual dividers in the form of inverted commas in red.


non-European laid paper with 8 laid lines per cm. (vertical or horizontal, varies) and faint chain lines occasionally visible, often grouped in twos or threes (see p.22, 24, etc.) ; transluscent, thin and crisp, heavily sized and burnished, medium cream in color ; flyleaves in European laid paper.


Pasteboards covered in brown leather ; Type II binding (with flap) ; doublures in dark red leather ; upper and lower covers carry blind-stamped mandorla (filled with symmetrical vegetal decoration, compare Déroche class. NSd 7) and pendants with gold-painted accents and gold-tooled border ; sewn in yellow thread, two stations ; worked chevron endbands in yellow and pink, damaged with losses to head and tail ; overall in fairly good condition with some abrasion, staining, lifting of leather, fore edge flap too narrow, etc.

Former Shelfmarks:

"323 T. D. M. [T. Dell ?]" inscribed in pencil on verso of front flyleaf (p.2) ; "224" inscribed in pencil on recto of front flyleaf (p.1) and 'title page' (p.15).


Lacks dated colophon ; dated statement on front flyleaf suggest a terminus ante quem of 1537 ; paper and hand certainly suggest late 15th or early 16th century.

Ownership and History:

Inscriptions in pencil on verso of front flyleaf (p.2) "323 T. D. M. [T. Dell ?]" and recto of front flyleaf (p.1) and 'title page' (p.15) "224" ; ownership statements on front flyleaf (p.1) include statements for one Zayn al-ʻĀbidīn ( زين العابدين ) , for one ʻUthmān ibn ʻAbd al-Ḥalīm ( عثمان بن عبد الحليم / Osman bin Abdülhalim), and for one Eminzade Mustafa Han (امين زاده مصطفى خان / Amīnʻzādah Muṣṭafá Khān) ; another statement on front flyleaf (p.1) appears to be dated 943 [1536 or 7] and still another (effaced) dated 10-0 [?] ; more detailed statement dated 25 Jumādá II [?] 1119 [September 1707] in name of the same Eminzade Mustafa appears accompanied by oval seal impression on the opening leaf of the table of contents (p.3) ; on 'title page' (p.15), ownership statement in name of Muḥammad Maʻṣūm, known as Laʻlīʻzādah (محمد معصوم الشهير بلعلى زاده / Lalizade Mehmet Masum) ; marginal corrections ; occasional notablia (side-heads), most rubricated.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

05 Eminzade Mustafa, fl. 1707, former owner. Abdülhamid II, Sultan of the Turks, 1842-1918, former owner. 05 امين زاده مصطفى، مالك سابق.

In Collection:

Abdul Hamid Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GAL,II 156

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on October 6, 2010
Tags: Abdul Hamid Collection, Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued

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