Isl. Ms. 218


al-ʻIqd al-munaẓẓam fī iftirāḍ ṭāʻat al-khalīfah al-aʻẓam,[1301, i.e. 1884].العقد المنظم في افتراض طاعة الخليفة الأعظم,[1301ه, 1884م].


Nābulusī, Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad al-Khammāsh,fl. 1884.نابلسي، احمد بن محمد الخماش.

Place/Date of Production:



36 leaves :paper ;192 x 131 (117 x 65) mm. 'bound' to 203 x 133 mm.


Elegant copy of a collection of Qurʼānic verses and traditions (aḥādīth) on the duty of obedience to rulers and principally the Ottoman sultan as holder of the 'caliphate,' spiritual leader for Muslims and defender of Islam. Compiled and arranged by Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad al-Khammāsh al-Nābulusī on the order of Sultan Abdülhamit II (1842-1918, r.1876-1909).

Other Title(s):

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Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.


Headpieces (layout features)19th century.




Ms. codex.
Title from titlepiece on p.3 and opening on p.10.


"ان ازهى ما تزينت به وجنات الطروس وازكى ما تعطرت به الارواح وانتعشت به النفوس حمد من رتب نظام العالم ببدائع غرائب حكمته ... وبعد فيقول العبد الفقير احمد بن محمد الخماش النابلسي اني ممن بلي بمعانات الاسفار والرحلة من دار الى دار وقد حبب الله لي اجتناء ثمرات الاخبار ... ولهذا طالما يلوح في خاطري ... بان اخدم الدين الحنفي والامة المحمدية بخدمة يعود نفعها على عموم اهل الملة الاسلامية ... فشرعت في جمع آيات قرآنية واحاديث نبوية دالة على افتراض طاعة اولى الامر من الملوك والسلاطين واتبعت ذلك بنبذ شريفة من علم السياسة وسميت هذا المؤلف المختصر بالعقد المنظم في افتراض طاعة الخليفة الاعظم ورتبته على مقدمة وبابين وفصلين وخاتمة ومن الله استمد القبول والتوفيق انه ولي ذلك"


"وان يحب لهم ما يحب لنفسه من الخير ويكره لهم ما يكره لنفسه من الشر وان يذب عن اموالهم واعراضهم وان يحثهم على التخلق باخلاق الله ورسوله اقتداء بما كان عليه السلف الصالح وهذا اخر ما وفق الله تعالى لاملائه وجمعه والحمد لله اولا واخرا ظاهرا وباطنا والصلاة والسلام على خاتم النبوة وعلى جميع النبيين وعلى جميع عباد الله الصالحين"


"Authorial," rectangular, reads: "وكان الفراغ من جمع هذه الرسالة وترتيبها في اليوم السابع عشر من شهر جمادى الاول سنة الف وثلاثمائة واحد في دار الخلافة العثمانية ايام دولة امير المؤمنين وخليفة رسول رب العالمين سلطان سلاطين البسيطة من قاص وداني مولانا السلطان الغازي عبد الحميد خان الثاني خلد الله تعالى ملكه امين"


Lengthy statement following titlepiece and preceding opening (see pp.4-5).


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Physical Details:

i, VI (12), 2 V(32), II (36), i ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization.


Written in 13 lines per page ; frame-ruled.


Naskh ; elegant Ottoman hand, very well-executed ; partially serifed with right-sloping head-serif on ascenders of lām, ṭāʼ, etc. but not on free-standing alif ; mainly open counters ; curvilinear descenders ; rightward descenders tapered ; pointing in distinct dots, liberally spaced ; some elongation of horizontal strokes ; partially vocalized.


Exquisite illuminated titlepiece on 'titlepage' (p.3) consisting of upper and lower rectangular panels carrying the title lettered in gold and a central diamond-shaped panel carrying the ex libris, accented by superb swirling floral vegetal decoration (gold, red, green-blue, etc.) in further upper and lower rectangular panels and in the area surrounding the central diamond shape ; elegant illuminated headpiece (ʻunwān) at opening of text on p.5 consisting of tall, vaguely w-shaped piece with two additional small domes filled with a swirling floral vegetal design in pink, white, green, gold, etc. on a field of gold ; entire piece is set in a well filled with floral vegetal design in gold, pink, white, and green and surmounted by vertical stalks (tīgh) in red and deep blue (lapis lazuli or cobalt) ; incipit and facing page carry illuminated marginal decoration in the form of a border of swirling vines and flowers entirely in gold ; written area of incipit and facing page accented by gold cloudbands ; written area surrounded by frame consisting of heavy gold band outlined by gold and black fillets ; illuminated textual dividers in the form of rosettes, florets, knots, discs, etc. with red and green accents, no two on a page alike in composition ; keywords, hadith excerpts, etc. chrysographed ; edges of the textblock gilded (gilt).


non-European laid paper (Persian?) with 10-12 laid lines per cm. with some curving and sagging ; very highly burnished to glossy ; crisp though sturdy ; dark cream in color.


Only dark brown spine leather remains of cover original to textblock ; currently slipped into an ill-fitting (too large) cover with pasteboards covered in tan (to olive green, see flap) leather, though upper cover now lost ; Type II binding (with flap) ; doublures in red leather with scalloped mandorla and pendants in gold-painted filigree leather appliqué over red, blue and green paper, along with tooled and gold-painted accents and border ; flyleaves in seafoam green surface-dyed wove paper with gold-painted border ; upper and lower covers bear exquisite gold-stamped mandorla (filled with vegetal composition reminiscent of Déroche class. OAi2 7), pendants and cornerpieces, with gold-tooled accents and border in a series of oval stamps ; design continues on envelope flap ; sewn in green thread, two stations ; worked chevron endbands in green and gold, intact ; overall in rather poor condition with upper cover lost and lower cover and flap completely detached, lifting and losses of leather, abrasion, etc.

Former Shelfmarks:

"508 T. D. M.[?]" inscribed in pencil on verso of front flyleaf ; "212" inscribed in pencil on 'title page' (p.3).


As appears in colophon on p.71, composition completed ("wa-kāna al-farāgh min jamʻ hādhihi al-risālah wa-tartībihā...") 17 Jumādá I 1301 [March 1884] in the Ottoman Imperial Palace (دار الخلافة العثمانية) with transcription of this copy just after. Composed and executed on the order of Sultan Abdülhamit II (1842-1918, r.1876-1909).

Ownership and History:

Inscriptions in pencil on front flyleaf "508 T. D. M.[?]" and 'title page' (p.3) "212" ; in illuminated titlepiece on p.3, ex libris of the Ottoman Sultan Abdülhamit II (1842-1918, r.1876-1909), on whose order the manuscript was executed, reads, "برسم الخزينة الشريفة الملوكانية خزانة سلطان سلاطين البسيطة من قاص وداني مولانا السلطان الغازي عبد الحميد خان الثاني" ; a detailed patronage/dedication statement immediately follows the titlepiece (prior to the opening of the text on pp.4-5) and further indicates that the treatise itself was composed on the order of Sultan Abdülhamit II.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

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Former Owner(s):

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In Collection:

Abdul Hamid Collection.

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on October 6, 2010
Tags: Abdul Hamid Collection, Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued

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