Isl. Ms. 489


Kitāb Ashraf al-wasāʼil ilá fahm al-Shamāʼil,[17th century?].كتاب اشرف الوسائل الى فهم الشمائل,[القرن 17م؟].


Ibn Ḥajar al-Haythamī, Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad,ca. 1503-ca. 1566.ابن حجر الهيثمي، أحمد بن محمد.

Place/Date of Production:



260 leaves :paper ;207 x 157 (150 x 95) mm.


Fine early copy of the commentary by Ibn Ḥajar al-Haytamī (d.1567) on al-Tirmidhī's (d.892) Shamāʼil, a collection of traditions comprising the Prophet’s characteristics. Brief excerpts at opening and close (p.7 and pp.525-7).

Other Title(s):

Ashraf al-wasāʼil ilá fahm al-Shamāʼilاشرف الوسائل الى فهم الشامائل


Hadith--Commentaries--Early works to 1800.
Hadith--Criticism, interpretation, etc.--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Tirmidhī, Muḥammad ibn ʻĪsá,--d. 892.--Shamāʼil.
Muḥammad,--Prophet,--d. 632--Biography--Early works to 1800.




Ms. codex.
Title from inscription on 'title page' (p.7) and opening matter (preface) on p.8.


"الحمد لله رب العالمين والصلاة والسلام على سيدنا محمد خاتم النبيين والمرسلين وعلى اله واصحابه اجمعين وبعد فهذه عجالة علقتها على مشكل شمائل الامام الحافظ ابي عيسى محمد ابن عيسى بن سورة بفتح المهملة فسكون اصلها لغة الحدة الترمذي ... سنة تسع واربعين وتسعمائة بالمسجد الحرام المكي وسميتها اشرف الوسائل الى فهم الشمائل ..."


"فيحتري له اهل الدين دون غيرهم جعلنا الله تعالى منهم بمنه وكرمه واجزل لنا من مدد سيدنا ونبينا محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم ... ولا حول ولا قوة الا بالله العلي العظيم والحمد لله اولا واخرا ظاهرا وباطنا وكفي وسلام على عباده الذين اصطفى وصلى الله على سيدنا محمد واله وصحبه وسلم تسليما كثيرا تم وكمل"


Can you help transcribe the colophon? Please comment!


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:

16 V(160), IV (168), 9 V(258), I (260), i ; chiefly quinions ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes inserts and back flyleaf).


Written in 21 lines per page.


Naskh ; clear Egyptian hand in a medium to bold line ; virtually serifless (though occasional head-serif irregularly appears) with very slight effect of tilt to the left, curvilinear descenders, pointing mainly in distinct dots (three dots represented by a curved stroke), alif maqṣūrah occasionally pointed as yāʼ, kāf mashqūqah preferred (even final kāf), adhering fairly closely to baseline ; glosses as well brief excerpts at opening and close (p.7 and pp.525-7) in a Mahgribī hand.


Keywords and section headings rubricated ; textual dividers in the form of red inverted commas ; some overlining in red.


European laid paper of perhaps several types ; all with 7 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 28-30 mm. apart (horizontal), and watermarks including three crescents (75 mm., perpendicular to chains, see p.16-17), anchor in circle (see p.76-77), and crown-star-crescent (see pp.114, 119) ; countermarks include "FB" (p.56), "MS" or "AS" [?] (p.122) and "GC" (p.136, with additional anchor in circle and three crescents marks, pp.130, 140, 144, etc., compare Heawood 4) ; all sturdy, well-sized and burnished, even glazed, some glossy.


Pasteboards covered in brown leather ; Type II binding (with flap) ; board linings in dull yellow paper ; upper and lower cover carry tooled diamond-shaped binding ornament, built up from a series of four-petaled flower shapes, along with tooled rule-border ; sewn in cream thread, two stations ; worked endbands in red and yellow, in poor condition with significant losses ; overall in poor condition with significant staining and deposits (possible acid burn or fire damage), shrinkage, lifting and losses of leather, delamination of boards, etc.

Accompanying Materials:

a. Two inventory cataloguing slips in hand of Winifred Smeaton Thomas (pp.1-4) -- b. Acquisitions slip from Yahuda (pp.5-6).

Former Shelfmarks:

From inner front cover and spine label, "IL 16a" (likely supplied by Yahuda, see acquisitions slip).


As appears in opening matter on p.8, composed in 949 [1542 or 3]. Lacks dated colophon ; paper, etc. suggest 17th century.

Ownership and History:

Possible former inventory mark on upper board lining ; former owners' marks on 'title page' (p.7) include purchase / ownership statement dated 1 Rabīʻ I 1127 [March 1715] in name of one ʻUthmān indicating the book was among items he purchased in Tūnis, accompanied by octagonal seal impression and ownership statement in name of al-Ḥājjī Yūsuf ibn Muḥammad Afandi, known as Khazīmat-zādah (Hazimet-zade Yusuf b. Mehmet Efendi / الحاجي يوسف بن محمد افندى المشهور بخزيمه زاده ) ; waqf statement in upper margin of incipit page (p.8) in name of al-Ḥājj Maḥmūd Afandī al-Ṣihrānī (Mahmut Efendi) reads "من موقوفات المرحوم الحاج محمود افندى الصهرانى سنه ١١٦٧" ; marginal corrections and glosses in several hands (even Maghribī hand).

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

In Collection:

Yahuda Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GAL,II 389 (no. 32) ; I 161-2 (II./cmt. 3) ; S I 268 (II./cmt. 3)Ḥājjī Khalīfah. Kashf al-ẓunūn,iv 70, no. 7640

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on October 6, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Yahuda Collection

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