Shelfmark:

Isl. Ms. 467

Title:

Kashf al-kāshif wa-sharḥ al-kāshif,[976, i.e. 1568].كشف الكاشف وشرح الكاشف,[976ه، 1568م].

Author:

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Place/Date of Production:

[1568].

Size:

531 leaves :paper ;260 x 180 (209 x113) mm.

Summary:

Elegant copy of what appears to be a commentary of uncertain authorship (though possibly by Abū Ḥafṣ ʻUmar ibn ʻAbd al-Raḥmān al-Qazwīnī al-Fārisī, author of a commentary entitled al-Kashf ʻan mushkilāt al-Kashshāf) upon al-Kashshāf, the renowned commentary on the Qurʼān by Abū al-Qāsim Maḥmūd ibn ʻUmar al-Zamakhsharī (d.1144).

Other Title(s):

Title from inscription accompanying book price on front flyleaf (p.1):كشف الكاشفTitle from inscription on 'title page' (p.3):كشف الكاشف

Subject(s):

Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Zamakhsharī, Maḥmūd ibn ʻUmar,--1075-1144.--Kashshāf.
Koran--Commentaries--Early works to 1800.

Genre:

Headpieces (layout features)16th century.

Language:

Arabic.

Notes:

Ms. composite codex.
Title from inscription on front flyleaf (p.1).

Incipit:

"الحمد لله الذي علم القرآن خلق الانسان علمه البيان ارسل رسوله بالهدى ودين الحق ... نريد ان نشرح مشكلات كتاب الكشاف ونحيط حجاب الخفاء عن مباحثة اللطاف ... قوله الحمد لله سيجئ معنى الحمد لله ..."

Explicit:

"ظلم عليه الامر وندم وتاب فهذا اخر ما قصدت ايراده في هذه السطور مع اعترافي في كل الامور بالقصور وان الكشف عن اوجه تلك المخدرات ابتدائه لمثلي من احدى المنكرات ولكن للمجتهد اجر ... وانا اسأل الله تبارك وتعالى التجاوز عن خطرات الاوهام وعثرات الاقلام ... والحمد لله المنعم اولا واخرا والصلاة والسلام على سيد المرسلين محمد واله واصحابه العز المحجلين وعلى من اتبعهم باحسان الى يوم الدين"

Colophon:

[opening section] "وقع الخلاص [؟] من تحريره في اربع وعشرين من الشهر ربيع الاخر من شهور سنة ___ اللهم اغفر لمن دعى لمحرره والناظر فيه والديهما ولمن قال ... برحمتك يا ارحم الراحمين" ; [final section] "Scribal," triangular, reads "وقد فرغ من كتبه اقل خلق الله تعالى واحوجهم الى رحمته العبد الضعيف اسماعيل بن محمد الزرقاني غفر الله له ولوالديه ولجميع المسلمين امين يوم الاربع المبارك سابع شهر ربيع الثاني سنة ست وسبعين وتسعمائة وحسبنا الله ونعم الوكيل ولا حول ولا قوة الا بالله العلي العظيم وصلى الله على سيدنا محمد وعلى اله وصحبه وسلم م م"

Dedication:

Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!

Contents:

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:
Collation:

i, IV-1 (7), 2 IV(23), III+2 (31), 5 IV(71), IV+1 (80), 2 IV(96), I (98), 12 IV(194), 6 V(254), I (256), 2 IV(272), III+1 (279), 6 (285), II (289), 3 (292), 2 V(312), V+2 (324), 20 V(524), IV-1 (531) ; catchwords mainly cut off, but present in final section ; leaves between sections left partially blank (see pp.198, 648-49) ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes flyleaves).

Layout:

Written in 32 lines per page ; frame-ruled.

Script:

Nastaʻlīq and naskh ; three main hands ; opening through p.398 (where hand abruptly changes) in a fine nastaʻlīq, serifless, fairly vertical though with slight effect of tilt to the right and of words descending to baseline, some elongation of horizontal strokes, mainly closed counters, pointing (two and three dots) in strokes rather than distinct dots ; from p.398 to p.522 another fine nastaʻlīq, serifless with dramatic tilt to the right, scarcely pointed, mainly closed counters, sweeping descenders ; from p.522 through p.569 again opening hand, then back to second hand ; final section (from p.650 to close) in an elegant Egyptian or 'Syrian' naskh, serifless and compact with slight effect of tilt to the left, many closed counters, pointing (for two and three dots) in distinct or conjoined dots, rounded with curvlinear descenders.

Decoration:

Elegant illuminated headpiece (ʻunwān) at opening on p.4 consisting of rectangular panel carrying the basmalah in gold muḥaqqaq on a dark blue ground accented with swirling arabesque in green, surrounded by border of gold bands (the innermost with red accents) flanking a series of crosses on white, set off by adjacent palmette (ansa) in the margin ; written area of incipit and facing page surrounded by gold frame with outermost blue rule ; keywords, sūrah headings (final section) and abbreviation symbols (two-teeth stroke, signes de renvois, etc.) rubricated.

Support:

non-European laid paper of several types ; opening type with 9 laid lines per cm. (horizontal) and chains either grouped (on the order of 9) or very closely spaced 13-14 mm. apart (V), well-burnished to glossy, brown in color, sturdy and fairly transluscent ; next type with both laid and chain lines quite diffuse, roughly 7 laid lines per cm. (horizontal), possibly grouped chains lines (in threes) with 11-12 mm. between chains and 39 mm. between groups, much lighter in color, thicker, sturdier and more opaque, burnished to glossy ; from p.350 on still a different paper, lighter in color with 8 laid lines per cm. (horizontal) and chain lines possibly very closely spaced if not in large group, 14 mm. apart ; final section (from p.650) on another thin, crisp, well-burnished, brownish paper with 7 laid lines per cm. (vertical or horizontal) and chain lines spaced roughly 39 mm. apart ; opening flyleaf in a European laid paper with 7 laid lines per cm. (horizontal), chain lines spaced 29 mm. apart (vertical), and anchor in circle watermark with six-pointed star above (66 mm. tall) ; staining and tidelines ; pigment burn to break-through at frame surrounding written area.

Binding:

Pasteboards covered in dark red leather ; Type II binding (with flap) ; doublures in brown leather ; upper and lower covers carry large blind-stamped mandorla (filled with symmetrical vegetal decoration, reminiscent of Déroche class. NSd 5) and pendants, along with gold-tooled border in a series of s-shaped stamps ; sewn in pink thread, two stations, most quires loose ; overall in somewhat poor condition and ill-fitting with much staining, abrasion, lifting and losses of leather, delamination of boards, etc. ; repair to fore edge flap in a tooled red leather apparently taken from the spine of another book ; other repairs in tan and red leathers.

Accompanying Materials:

a. Acquisitions slip from Yahuda.

Former Shelfmarks:

From inner front cover (upper doublure) and fore edge label, "IL 304" (likely supplied by Yahuda, see acquisitions slip).

Origin:

As appears in colophon on p.648, transcription of first section (through p.648) completed 24 Rabīʻ II of an unspecified year (lacuna follows سنة). As appears in colophon on p.1063, second section copied by Ismāʻīl ibn Muḥammad al-Zurqānī ( اسماعيل بن محمد الزرقاني ) with transcription completed ("wa-qad faragha min katbih...") 7 Rabīʻ II 976 [September 1568].

Ownership and History:

Book price on front flyleaf (p.1) ; at least two ownership or waqf statements on 'title page' (p.3) now obscured by affixed paper scraps ; "وقف" in margins of many leaves, mainly effaced but occasionally missed (see p.282 and 283) ; collation statement at close on p.1063 dated 8 [?] Dhū al-Qaʻdah 977 [May 1570], reads "الحمد لله الوهاب [؟] بلغ مقابلة وانتهى في يوم السبت ثامن [؟] مستهل القعدة الحرام من شهور سنة سبع وسبعين وتسعمائة وحسبنا الله ونعم الوكيل" ; numerous glosses and marginal corrections ; collation marks in final section.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Scribe(s):

04 Ismā‘īl ibn Muḥammad al-Zurqānī, fl. 1568, scribe. 04 اسماعيل بن محمد الزرقاني, ناسخ.

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

In Collection:

Yahuda Collection.

References:

Brockelmann, C. GAL,I 290 ; S I 507-8

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on October 6, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Yahuda Collection

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