Shelfmark:

Isl. Ms. 580

Title:

Tuḥfat al-ḥukkām fī nukat al-ʻuqūd wa-al-aḥkām wa-yalīhi Kitāb al-mughārasah,[1149, i.e. 1736 or 1737].تحفة الحكام في نكت العقود والاحكام ويليه كتاب المغارسة,[1149ه, 1736 أو 1737م].

Author:

Ibn ʻĀṣim, Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad,1359-1426.ابن عاصم، محمد بن محمد.

Place/Date of Production:

[1736 or 1737].

Size:

111 leaves :paper ;206 x 158 (170-175 x 115) mm.

Summary:

Fine Maghribī copy of Ibn ʻAṣim's (d.1426) famous treatise of Mālikī law in 1698 rajaz verses, Tuḥfat al-ḥukkām fī nukat al-ʻuqūd wa al-aḥkām followed by al-Taysīr wa-al-tashīl fī dhikr mā aghfalahu al-shaykh Khalīl min aḥkām al-mughārasah wa-al-tawlīj wa-al-taṣyīr, a commentary by ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn ʻAbd al-Qādir al-Fāsī (d.1685) on al-Mukhtaṣar, the renowned compendium of Mālikī law by Khalīl ibn Isḥāq al-Jundī (d.1365).

Other Title(s):

Title of second work from colophon on p.217:كتاب التيسير والتسهيلKitāb al-Taysīr wa-al-tashīl

Subject(s):

Islamic law--Interpretation and construction--Early works to 1800.
Malikites--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Khalīl ibn Isḥāq al-Jundī,--d. 1365?--Mukhtaṣar.

Language:

Arabic.

Notes:

Ms. composite codex.
Title from inscription on opening 'title page' (p.1).

Incipit:

[Tuḥfat al-ḥukkām] "قال الشيخ رحمه الله الحمد لله الذي يقضي ولا يقضي عليه جل شانه ... وبعد فالقصد بهذا الرجز تقرير الاحكام بقول موجز ..." ; [Kitāb al-Taysīr wa-al-tashīl] "يقول العبد الفقير الى الله ... عبد الرحمن بن عبد القادر ... الحمد لله الملك القديم العالم العظيم الكريم ... وبعد فلما كان باب المغارسة من جملة ما ينبغي للمؤلفين المختصرين ان يتعرضوا له ... طلب مني بعض اخواننا ... ان اجمع في الباب مسائل [؟] جملة وان اذكر في ذلك احكاما مهمة ... ولما لخصته وهذبته ودرجته وقربته ظهر ان اسميه بالتيسير والتسهيل في ذكر ما اغفله الشيخ خليل من احكام المغارسة والتوليح والتصيير ..."

Explicit:

Can you help transcribe the explicit? Please comment!

Colophon:

[Kitāb al-Taysīr wa-al-tashīl] "Scribal," rectangular, reads "...كمل كتاب التيسير والتسهيل تأليف الشيخ الجليل ابي زيد سيد عبد الرحمن بن عبد القادر ... على يد ناسخه ... احمد بن ابي القاسم ... بتارسخ عام ١١۴۹ ..."

Dedication:

Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!

Contents:

1. p.2-p.106 : Tuḥfat al-ḥukkām fī nukat al-ʻuqūd wa al-aḥkām / Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn ʻĀṣim al-Gharnaṭī.
2. p.107-108 : [various excerpts].
3. p.109-p.132 : al-Taysīr wa-al-tashīl fī dhikr mā aghfalahu al-shaykh Khalīl min aḥkām al-mughārasah wa-al-tawlīj wa-al-taṣyīr /Abū Zayd ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn ʻAbd al-Qādir al-Fāsī.
4. p.133-p.135 : [various excerpts].
5. p.136-p.217 : ['resumes' Kitāb al-Taysīr wa-al-tashīl] / Abū Zayd ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn ʻAbd al-Qādir al-Fāsī.
6. p.218-p.222 : [various excerpts].

Physical Details:
Collation:

VI+ 2 (14), 2 V(34), V+3 (47), II+3 (54), VI+1 (67), 3 VI(103), IV (111) ; many senions (sexternions) ; second quire of second work (pp.109-132) mistakenly bound before the first quire, hence opening of text appears on p.136 ; foliation in pencil, Western numerals, supplied for second work by inventory cataloguer ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization.

Layout:

Written in 17 and 28 lines per page.

Script:

Maghribī ; two elegant hands with effect of slight tilt to the right, sweeping descenders, etc.

Decoration:

Section headings rubricated ; textual dividers in the form of three dots.

Support:

European laid paper of at least two types ; opeing type (first work) with 9 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 24-26 mm. apart (horizontal), and triple mount watermark with "FB" underneath (see p.10, 38, 39, etc.), sturdy and dense ; second work mainly in a type with 11 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 23 mm. apart (horizontal), and sun with rays and face (eyes and nose, see p.116, 118, 200, etc.)

Binding:

Pasteboards covered in dark brown leather ; Type II binding (with flap) ; board linings in untinted paper ; upper and lower covers carry blind-stamped scalloped mandorla (filled with symmetrical vegetal composition) with pendants and tooled rule border ; sewn in pink thread, two stations ; worked chevron endbands in pink and black (or dark grey), good condition ; overall in somewhat poor condition with abrasion, staining, lifting of leather (particularly at board edges), exposure and delamination of boards, etc. ; repairs in dark blue or black cloth.

Accompanying Materials:

Acquisitions slip from Yahuda.

Former Shelfmarks:

From inner front cover and spine label, "IL 42c" (likely supplied by Yahuda, see acquisitions slip).

Origin:

As appears in colophon on p.217, second work copied by Aḥmad ibn Abī al-Qāsim with transcription completed 1149 [1736 or 7]. Opening work undated, but likely executed in roughly the same period, early to mid 18th century.

Ownership and History:

Kabīkaj ("kaykataj") invocation on upper board lining (" يا كيكتج ..." [?]) ; marginal glosses and corrections ; occasional notabilia (side-heads).

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

04--Abū Zayd al-Fāsī, ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn ʻAbd al-Qādir,--1630 or 31-1684 or 5.--Taysīr wa-al-tashīl fī dhikr mā aghfalahu al-shaykh Khalīl min aḥkām al-mughārasah wa-al-tawlīj wa-al-taṣyīr.
04--ابو زيد الفاسي، عبد الرحمن بن عبد القادر.--تيسير والتسهيل في ذكر ما اغفله الشيخ خليل من احكام المغارسة والتوليج والتصيير.

Scribe(s):

05 Aḥmad ibn Abī al-Qāsim, fl.1736, scribe. 05 احمد بن ابي القاسم, ناسخ.

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

In Collection:

Yahuda Collection.

References:

Brockelmann, C. GAL,II 264Schacht, J. "Ibn ʿĀṣim, Abū Bakr Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. ʿĀṣim al-Gharnāṭī." EI2,vol. III, p.720, col. 2Brockelmann, C. GAL,II 460

Images1 2


Posted by evyn on October 6, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Yahuda Collection

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