Isl. Ms. 90


al-Muʻādil,[1174, i.e. 1761].المعادل,[1174ه, 1761م].


Marʻashī, ʻAbd al-Raḥīm ibn Abī Bakr.مرعشي، عبد الرحمن بن ابي بكر.

Place/Date of Production:



314 leaves :paper ;270 x 165 (219 x 95) mm.


Commentary on al al-Ḥalabī's Multaqá al-abḥur, a treatise of Ḥanafī fiqh. Includes table of contents (pp.8-13) and extensive extratextual material (masāʼil, notes, excerpts from other works, etc.) preceding and following the text.

Other Title(s):

Title from inscription on front flyleaf (p.1):كمال پاشا زاده على الملتقى


Islamic law--Early works to 1800.
Hanafites--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Ḥalabī, Ibrāhīm ibn Muḥammad,--d. 1549 or 50.--Multaqá al-abḥur.




Ms. codex.
Title from opening on p.16.


"الحمد لله الذي من علينا باحياء طهارة القلوب … وبعد فان الراجي عفو ربه الكريم ... عبد الرحيم بن ابي بكر بن سليمان المسلو المرعشي يقول بعون الله ان كتاب الموسوم بملتقى الابحر كتاب حري ... فسميتها بالمعادل"


"حتى يسهل الطلب على من اشتبه عليه صحة شيء مما ليس في الكتب الاربعة الحمد لله على التمام والصلوة على محمد عليه الصلوة والسلام واصحابه الكرام اللهم اجعله ذخرا نافعا في يوم الحشر والقيام بحرمة انبيائه الكرام العظام"


"Scribal," triangular, reads: "قد وقع الفراغ من المعادل غفر لطالبه الملك العادل ولاستاذه ووالديه [؟] ولمن محبا [؟] دعا اليه على يد الضعيف الحقير المحتاج امير احمد زاده علي الحاج في اربع وسبعين والف ومائة في جمادى الاخرى في يوم الجمعة من الهجرة النبوية"


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:

i, VI (12), IV (20), 2 V(40), VI (52), 25 V(302), VI (314) ; chiefly quinions ; sexternions at opening and close mainly carry contents listing (pp.8-13) and extratextual material (masāʼil, excerpts from other works, notes, etc.) ; final two leaves left blank ; catchwords present (often in lower inner margin to the left of the final line on the recto of each leaf) or last word of final line on the verso is repeated at the beginning of the first line on the following recto; foliation in black ink, Hindu-Arabic numerals ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes front flyleaf ; skips two pages each between pp.5-6 and pp.601-602 and repeats ten pages dropping from p.549 to p.540).


Written in 31 lines per page ; frame-ruled.


Naskh with influence of nastaʻlīq ; elegant Persianate [?] hand ; partially seriffed with left-sloping head serifs appearing occasionally on lām of definite article, etc. ; effect of words descending to baseline ; elongation of horizontal strokes ; compact with mainly closed counters ; point of final nūn occasionally assimilated with bowl ; kāf mashkūlah (mashqūqah) preferred.


Keywords, section headings, and abbreviation symbols rubricated ; textual dividers in the form of red discs ; overlining in red ; written area surrounded by red rule-border throughout ; diagram in the margin of p.345.


European laid paper of several types, mainly with 11-12 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 24 mm. apart (horizontal), and grapes below letters watermark (also name, difficult to read, see pp.482-83); another type, lighter in color, bears 11 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 20-22 mm. apart (horizontal), and three hats watermark ; staining and tide lines.


Pasteboards covered in dark brown leather ; Type II binding (with flap, now lost) ; board linings in pink-tinted laid paper ; upper and lower covers bear blind-stamped scalloped mandorla and cornerpieces with recessed onlays, along with tooled border in a series of s-shaped stamps ; sewn in cream or light pink thread, two stations, loose or gone in several places ; in quite poor condition with significant abrasion, lifting and losses of leather (especially at spine and hinges), loss of flap, upper and lower covers detaching at spine, textblock split through spine, moiture damage, delamination of boards, etc. ; housed in box for protection.

Accompanying Materials:

Several slips carrying glosses, notes, etc. (paginated pp.37-38, pp.245-246 [markings only, no writing and decoratively trimmed in the shape of a helmet or dome], pp.411-412, pp.459-460).

Former Shelfmarks:

British Museum, London "No. 119. Multaka al-abhur, with commentary."


As appears in colophon on p.605, copied by Amīr Aḥmadʻzādah ʻAlī al-Ḥājj (Emir Ahmetzade Ali) with transcription finished ("qad waqaʻa al-farāgh min al-Muʻādil...") in Jumādá II 1174 [January-February 1761].

Ownership and History:

Bookplate of British Museum, London on interior of upper cover, "British Museum, London. No. 119. Multaka al-abhur, with commentary." ; circular seal impression with figure of goat/gazelle in purple ink as well as inscription "32" in Western numerals on front flyleaf (p.1) ; octagonal seal impression on insert paginated pp.37-38 "عبده حسين ..." ; birth notice adjacent to colophon on p.605 ; numerous glosses and marginal corrections ; occasional notabilia ; collation marks "بلغ" appear regularly in the margins ; prayers/invocations appear at the headings of most pages.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

05--امير احمد زاده على،--ناسخ.


05 Emir Ahmetzade Ali, fl. 1761, scribe.

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Related Works:


In Collection:

Tiflis Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GAL,S II, 643 ; II, 432

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on October 4, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Tiflis Collection

Total comments on this page: 3

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Evyn Kropf on paragraph 2:

المعادل from opening (p.17)

October 4, 2010 2:10 pm
Evyn Kropf on paragraph 3:

عبد الرحيم بن ابي بكر بن سليمان المسلو المرعشي (from opening on p.16)

October 4, 2010 2:11 pm
Evyn Kropf on paragraph 11:

“الحمد لله الذي من علينا باحياء طهارة القلوب … وبعد فان الراجي عفو ربه الكريم … عبد الرحيم بن ابي بكر بن سليمان المسلو المرعشي يقول بعون الله ان كتاب الموسوم بملتقى الابحر كتاب حري … فسميتها بالمعادل …”

October 4, 2010 2:16 pm

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