Shelfmark:

Isl. Ms. 565

Title:

Tanwīr al-abṣār wa-jāmiʻ al-biḥār,[1084, i.e. 1673].تنوير الابصار وجامع البحار،[1084ه, 1673م].

Author:

Khaṭīb al-Tamartāshī, Muḥammad ibn ʻAbd Allāh,1532 or 3-1595 or 6..خطيب التمرتاشي، محمد بن عبد الله

Place/Date of Production:

[Latakia?,1673].

Size:

98 leaves :paper ;205 x 153 (147 x 81) mm.

Summary:

Fine copy of the compendium of Ḥanafī law by Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn ʻAbd Allāh al-Timirtāshī (d.1595). Followed by legal question posed to Abū al-Saʻūd (p.192). Volume likely once contained additional material though now lacking several quires from close.

Other Title(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Subject(s):

Islamic law--Interpretation and construction--Early works to 1800.
Hanafites--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.

Language:

Arabic.

Notes:

Ms. codex.
Title from inscription on 'title page' (p.1) and opening on p.2.

Incipit:

" حمد لمن احكم احكام الشرع الشريف وأعلى مناره وأعز من قام باعبائه وأغلى مقادره ... وبعد فيقول الشيخ الامام ... شمس الدين محمد بن المرحوم شيخ الاسلام ... عبد الله ابن المرحوم شيخ الاسلام ... شهاب الدين احمد ابن تمرتاش الحنفي ... لما رأيت الهمم مائلة الى المختصرات المضبوطة راغبة عن الكتب المبسوطة اردت ان اكتب كتابا مشتملا على كثير من مسائل المتون المعتمدة محيطا بفوائد نفيسة عنها اكثر المختصرات ... وسميته بتنوير الابصار وجامع البحار ..."

Explicit:

"ثم قسم الباقي على سهام من بقي منهم والله سبحانه وتعالى اعلم بالصواب والحمد لله فقد تم الكتاب ... وصلى على سيدنا محمد واله وصحبه"

Colophon:

"Scribal," triangular, reads "وقد وقع الفراغ من هذه النسخة الشريفة ضحوة يوم الجمعة ثاني شهر الله المحرم الحرام من شهور سنة اربع وثمانين والف من الهجرة النبوية على يد اضعف عباد الله ... محمد الجبلاوي نزيل ثغر اللاذقية بن المرحوم ... الشيخ محمد المصري ...[؟] غفر الله له ولوالديه تم"

Dedication:

Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!

Contents:

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:
Collation:

V-2 (8), 9 V(98) ; chiefly quinions ; catchwords present ; foliation in brown ink, Hindu-Arabic numerals ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (skips two leaves each between pp.5-6 and pp.67-68).

Layout:

Written in 25 lines per page ; frame-ruled.

Script:

Naskh ; small, compact 'Syrian' hand in a narrow line ; partially though irregularly serriffed (mainly on lām of definite article) with effect of tilt to the left and slight effect of words descending to basline, curvilinear descenders, pointing mainly in distinct dots, many closed counters, kāf mashqūqah preferred (even final kāf).

Decoration:

Keywords and section headings rubricated.

Support:

European laid paper with 10-11 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced roughly 23 and 34 mm. apart (as though grouped in twos, horizontal) and coat of arms watermark with cross surmounted by crown and flanked by lions above two circles, "MB" in upper circle, nothing visible in lower (roughly 85 mm. tall, see pp.44-45, 64-65, etc. somewhat similar to Heawood 741) ; well-burnished, thin and crisp though sturdy, fairly translucent, dark cream in color ; staining and tide lines.

Binding:

Pasteboards covered in brown leather with dark red leather over spine ; Type II binding (once with flap, now lost) ; board linings (doublures) in comb marbled paper (in blue, red, white, etc.) ; upper and lower covers carry blind-stamped mandorla (filled with simply assymetric vegetal composition, compare Déroche class. OAi) and pendants, as well as tooled border ; sewn in dull yellow thread, two stations ; worked chevron endbands in dull yellow and lime green, in poor condition with significant losses to headband ; overall in quite poor condition with loss of flap, significant abrasion, staining, delamination of boards (lower board almost fully delaminated several sheets in, only edge repair holds two sections together), pest damage, lifting and losses of leather, etc. ; repairs in dark red-brown leather (particularly to edges of lower board) ; housed in box for protection.

Accompanying Materials:

Acquisitions slip from Yahuda.

Former Shelfmarks:

From interior of upper cover and spine label "IL 61" (likely supplied by Yahuda see acquisitions slip).

Origin:

As appears in colophon on p.191, copied by Muḥammad al-Jabalāwī ibn Muḥammad al-Miṣrī while residing in al-Lādhiqīyah (Latakia) with transcription completed 2 Muḥarram 1084 [1673].

Ownership and History:

Partially effaced ownership statement in brown ink on 'title page' repair (p.1) ; waqf statement on 'title page' (p.1) dated Ṣafar 1219 [May-June 1804] endowed by Ṣāliḥ al-Ṭawīl from the estate of his grandfather [?] al-Shaykh al-Ṣāliḥ Aḥmad al-ʻAwfī [?] reads "اوقفه صالح الطويل عفي الله عنه على طلبة العلم بالوكالة عن ورثة جده لامه الشيخ صالح احمد العوفي [؟] رحمه الله في صفر سنة ۱۲۱۹ لا يباع ولا يوهب ولا يرهن ولا يعطى الا برهن وتقبل الله ذلك آمين" ; collation statement at close on p.191 dated 1085 [1674 or 5] reads "بلغ مقابلة بحسب الطاقة على نسخة [؟] صحيحة ان شاء الله سنة خمس وثمانين والف" ; many marginal glosses and collation marks ; occasional interlinear and marginal corrections ; notablia (side-heads), some rubricated.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Scribe(s):

05 Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad al-Jabalāwī, fl. 1673, scribe. 05 محمد بن محمد الجبلاوي، ناسخ.

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

In Collection:

Yahuda Collection.

References:

Brockelmann, C. GAL,II 311

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on September 29, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Yahuda Collection

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