Shelfmark:

Isl. Ms. 454

Title:

al-Rubʻ al-thānī min Kitāb Maʻālim al-tanzīl,[840, i.e. 1437 and 1103, i.e. 1692].الربع الثاني من كتاب معالم التنزيل,[840ه، 1437م و 1103ه، 1692م].

Author:

Baghawī, al-Ḥusayn ibn Masʻūd,d.1117?بغوي، الحسين بن مسعود.

Place/Date of Production:

[Damascus etc.,1437 and 1692].

Size:

260 leaves :paper ;270 x 190 (205 x 139 ; 199 x 125) mm.

Summary:

Composite manuscript representing the second of four volumes of al-Baghawī's commentary on the Qurʼān, consisting of two sections: an earlier, original section (through p.408) treating Sūrat al-Māʼidah (5) to Sūrat al-Ḥijr (15), and a later addition (p.409-close) treating Sūrat al-Nahl (16) to Sūrat al-Kahf (18). Contents listing on flyleaf at opening (p.4).

Other Title(s):

Maʻālim al-Tanzīl.rubʻ 2معالم التنزيل.ربع 2Title from inscription on front flyleaf (p.1):معالم التنزيل الثانيTitle from inscription on front flyleaf (p.3):معالم التنزيلTitle from colophon of added section (p.519):جلد الثاني من تفسير معالم التنزيل

Subject(s):

Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Koran--Commentaries--Early works to 1800.

Language:

Arabic.

Notes:

Ms. composite codex.
Title from 'title page' (p.5).

Incipit:

"سورة المائدة مدينة كلها الا قوله اليوم اكملت لكم دينكم ..."

Explicit:

"قال من قرأ من اول سورة الكهف واخرها كانت له نورا من قدمه الى ساقه ومن قرأها كلها كانت له نورا من الارض الى السماء"

Colophon:

[original] "وافق الفراغ من نسخه في يوم الثلثاء الحادي والعشرين من شهر ذي حجة الحرام سنة اربعين وثمان مائة على يد الفقير الى رحمة ربه القدير محمد بن محمد بن حسن بن ابي شامه الحنبلي الشهير بالداراني عفا الله عنه وعن والديه وعن من نظر فيه ودعا له ولجميع المسلمين وذلك بمدرسة شيخ الاسلام ابي عمر قدس الله روحه ونور ضريحه" ; [added section] "Scribal," triangular, reads "قد تم الجلد الثاني من تفسير معالم التنزيل للامام البغوي بعون الله عز وجل في اليوم التاسع والعشرين من شهر رمضان لسنة ثلث ومائة بعد الالف الحمد لله رب العالمين ... والحمد لله رب العالمين سنه ۱۱۰۳ ويليه سورة المريم"

Dedication:

Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!

Contents:

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:
Collation:

ii, IV+1 (9), 19 V(199), I+1 (202), 5 V(252), IV (260) ; chiefly quinions ; inner bifolia of fourth quire (pp.69-76) on replacement leaves supplied with later addition ; catchwords present ; quire numbering in the form of whole words on the upper outer corner of the recto of the opening leaf of each quire in the earlier section only ; foliation in black ink, Hindu-Arabic numerals ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes flyleaves and added leaves).

Layout:

Written in 27 lines per page.

Script:

Naskh and nastaʻlīq (talik) ; opening original section in naskh, an elegant Syrian hand in a thin to medium line, serifless with mainly closed counters, descenders more rectilinear (though final yāʼ more curvilinear and sweeping), extension of horizontal strokes, bowl of final nūn dramatically sweeping, pointing in distinct dots, kāf occasionally without shaqq ; later added section (and replacement leaves, pp.69-76) in nastaʻlīq (talik), elegant Turkish hand in a medium to bold line, serifless with effect of tilt to the right and of words descending to baseline, mainly closed counters, pointing in strokes rather than distinct dots.

Decoration:

In original section, sūrah headings and Qurʼānic text being commented upon rubricated ; in later addition, sūrah headings and keywords introducing Qurʼānic excerpts rubricated, Qurʼānic text overlined in red

Support:

Earlier, original section on non-European laid paper with 8 laid lines per cm. (20 in roughly 25 mm., horizontal), chain lines (four groups of three visible in some bifolia, see pp.132-33 etc.) with 7-10 mm. between chains and 40-43 mm. between groups, dark cream with some inclusions, well-burnished, fairly smooth ; flyleaves, replacement leaves and added section on European laid paper with 7 laid lines per cm. (horizontal), chain lines (vertical) spaced 25-26 mm. apart, and three crescents watermark (96 mm. long, perpendicular to chains, similar to Heawood 866), creamy, well-burnished, with some staining and tide lines.

Binding:

Pasteboards covered in dark brown leather with red leather repair to spine ; Type III binding (without flap), likely not original to codex (traces of envelope flap suggest original binding was Type II) ; doublures (board linings) in an elegant marbled paper (mainly in pink, dark blue, and lime green) ; upper hinge and repair to lower cover in green textile ; upper and lower covers carry large blind-stamped (with tan leather recessed onlay) mandorla (filled with vegetal composition, compare Déroche class. NA 6) with gold-painted accents and tooled pendants (a cluster of rosette stamps), as well as tooled and gold-painted border ; sewn in pink thread, two stations, many threads broken ; worked chevron endbands in poor condition, significant losses to headband especially with core exposed ; overall in somewhat poor condition with some abrasion and staining, flap lost, etc. ; repairs in red leather (also damaged) ; housed in box for protection.

Accompanying Materials:

Inventory cataloguing slip in hand of Winifred Smeaton Thomas.

Former Shelfmarks:

From front flyleaf and spine label, "IL 344a I" (likely supplied by Yahuda, see acquisitions slip in Isl. Ms. 453).

Origin:

As appears in colophon on p.408, original (now opening) section copied by Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn Ḥasan ibn Abī Shāmah al-Ḥanbalī al-Dārānī with transcription completed 21 Dhū al-Ḥijjah 840 [June 1437] in madrasat Shaykh al-Islām Abī ʻUmar in Damascus. As appears in colophon on p.519, transcription of added section completed 29 Ramaḍān 1103 [June 1692].

Ownership and History:

Three ownership statements each accompanied by seal impression on front flyleaf (p.3) including statement in name of the müderris Sunullah el-Edirnevî ( صنع الله الادرنوى ) accompanied by large oval seal impression, statement reads "حسبي الله تشرف به الفقير الى الله الغني صنع الله المدرس الادنروي عفا عنه الغني", statement in name of Mahmut bin Ali ( محمود بن على ), shaykh in the zāwiyah of Ali Aşık Paşa (على عاشق پاشا) accompanied by small oval seal impression, statement reads "ما تشرف به الفقير الى الله الغني القدير محمود بن علي الشيخ في زاوية علي عشق پاشاى [...؟] المحمية عفي عنهما", and statement in name of one Kadi İbrahim accompanied by octagonal seal impression, statement reads "ثم تشرف به الفقير الى الله عز وجل ابراهيم القاضي ..." ; ownership statement on 'title page' (p.5) in name of Muḥammad Amīn ʻĀṭif (Mehmet Emin Atıf) reads "من كتب محمد امين عاطف غفر الله له" ; effaced statement with catch title and possible former owner on 'title page' (p.5) ; collation statement on 'title page' (p.5) "عدد اوراق ٢٥٧" ; glosses, marginal corrections and collation marks ; notabilia (side-heads) in added section.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Scribe(s):

05 Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn Ḥasan ibn Abī Shāmah al-Ḥanbalī al-Dārānī, fl. 1437, scribe. 05 محمد بن محمد بن حسن بن ابي شامه الحنبلي الداراني, ناسخ.

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

In Collection:

Yahuda Collection.

References:

Brockelmann, C. GALI 364 no.4 ; S I 620

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on September 29, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Yahuda Collection

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