Isl. Ms. 661


[Muwaṣṣil al-ṭullāb ilá qawāʼid al-iʻrāb maʻa Sharḥ Umm al-barāhīn,1130, i.e. 1717 or 1718 and 1188, i.e. 1774].[موصل الطلاب الى قواعد الاعراب مع شرح ام البراهين,1130ه، 1717 او 1718م و 1188ه, 1774م].


Azharī, Khālid ibn ʻAbd Allāh,d. 1499.ازهري, خالد بن عبد الله.

Place/Date of Production:

[1717-8 and 1774].


92 leaves :paper ;208 x 170 (150-155 x 90-100) mm.


Fine Maghribī copy of the commentary by Zayn al-Dīn Khālid ibn ʻAbdallāh al-Azharī (d.1499) upon Ibn Hishām's popular grammatical textbook, Qawāʻid al-iʻrāb, followed by a commentary by Abū ʻAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf al-Sanūsī (d.1490) upon his own ʻAqīdat ahl al-tawhīd al-ṣughrá, or Umm al-barāhīn, on the essentials of faith.

Other Title(s):

Title from inscription on front flyleaf (p.1):موصل الطلاب لقواعد الاعراب للازهري ويليه عقيدة اهل التوحيد الصغرى المسماة بام البراهين للسنوسيشرح الشيخ


Arabic language--Grammar--Early works to 1800.
Arabic language--Declension--Early works to 1800.
Arabic language--Inflection--Early works to 1800.
Islam--Doctrines--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Ibn Hishām, ʻAbd Allāh ibn Yūsuf,--1309-1360.--Iʻrāb ʻan qawāʻid al-iʻrāb.
Sanūsī, Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf,--ca. 1427-ca. 1490.--Umm al-barāhīn.




Ms. composite codex.
Title supplied by cataloguer.


[Muwaṣṣil al-ṭullāb] "الحمد لله الملهم بحمده ... وبعد فيقول العبد الفقير الى مولاه الغني خالد بن عبد الله الازهري هذا شرح لطيف على قواعد الاعراب ..." ; [Sharḥ Umm al-barāhīn] "الحمد لله الواسع الجود والعطاء الذي شهد بوجوب وجوده ... وبعد فاهم ما يشتغل به العاقل اللبيب في هذا الزمان الصعب ان يسعى فيما ينقذ به مهجته من الخلود ... سميته موصل الطلاب الى قواعد الاعراب ..."


Can you help transcribe the explicit? Please comment!


[Muwaṣṣil al-ṭullāb] "Scribal," triangular, reads "كمل بحمد الله وحسن عونه على يد كاتبه الفقير الى ربه الراجي عفو مولاه الشريف احمد الهاني الهلالي وكان الفراغ منه يوم الخميس في ثلالثة [ايام؟] بقين من [...؟] عام ثلاثين ومائة والف تم الكتاب وانقضى وفعلنا الذي وجب رحم الله من قرأ ومن دعا للذي كتب" ; [Sharḥ Umm al-barāhīn] "Scribal," triangular, reads "وكان الفراغ منه يوم الثلاثة انتهى بمولده صلى الله عليه وسلم عام ثمانية وثمانين ومائة والف ..."


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


1. p.6-p.76 : Muwaṣṣil al-ṭullāb ilá qawāʼid al-iʻrāb / Khālid ibn ʻAbd Allāh al-Azharī.
2. p.77 : [blank].
3. p.78-p.188: ʻAqīdat ahl al-tawhīd al-ṣughrá al-musammá bi-Umm al-barāhīn / Abū ʻAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Yusūf al-Sanūsī.

Physical Details:

ii, 3 V(30), II (34), I (36), V-1+1 (46), V (56), IV (64), V (74), IV (82), V (92) ; chiefly quinions ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes flyleaves).


Written in 23 and 24 lines per page ; frame-ruled.


Maghribī ; two main hands ; hand supplying opening work quite neat and uniform, exhibiting little deviation from the vertical and adhering closely to the baseline, with characteristic sweeping descenders, etc. ; hand supplying second work less uniform, occasional tilt to the right or left, etc. ; opening leaf of second work seemingly supplied in a different hand.


Keywords and section headings rubricated ; written area of incipit and facing page of opening work surrounded by red rule-border.


European laid paper ; mainly with 9 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 25 mm. apart (horizontal), and three crescents watermark (88 mm. long, perpendicular to chains, see p.14, 26, 34, 35, etc.), sturdy and well-burnished ; another type with 6-7 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 31 mm. apart (horizontal), and three crescents watermark (82 mm. long, perpendicular to chains, see p.108, etc.), sturdy and somewhat thick, burnished.


Pasteboards covered in block-printed paper (rows of interlaced curves in red, studded with aquamarine accents in dots and strokes, all on a bright orange ground) with brown leather over spine, fore edge flap, and edges/turn-ins (framed binding) ; Type II binding (with flap) ; board linings in untinted paper ; tooled accents on fore edge flap ; sewn in cream thread, two stations ; worked chevron endbands in mauve and cream, good condition ; text block trimmed around marginalia ; overall in fair condition with some abrasion, staining, cover detaching at spine, etc.

Accompanying Materials:

Acquisitions slip from Yahuda.

Former Shelfmarks:

From inner front cover and spine label, "IL 378" (likely supplied by Yahuda, see acquisitions slip).


As appears in colophon on p.76, opening work copied by Aḥmad al-Hānī al-Hilālī with transcription completed 1130 [1717 or 18]. As appears in colophon on p.188, transcription of second work completed around the time of the mawlid (birthday of the Prophet) 1188 [1774].

Ownership and History:

Occasional marginal corrections and glosses.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

04--Sanūsī, Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf,--ca. 1427-ca. 1490.--Sharḥ Umm al-barāhīn.
04--سنوسي, محمد بن يوسف.--شرح ام البراهين.
شرح الشيخ


07 Aḥmad al-Hānī al-Hilālī, fl. 1717, scribe. 07 احمد الهاني الهلالي, ناسخ.

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

In Collection:

Yahuda Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GAL,II 24 ; 27Brockelmann, C. GAL,II 250-51 (II. / cmtre. 1)

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on September 19, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Yahuda Collection

Total comments on this page: 0

How to read/write comments

Comments on specific paragraphs:

Click the icon to the right of a paragraph

  • If there are no prior comments there, a comment entry form will appear automatically
  • If there are already comments, you will see them and the form will be at the bottom of the thread

Comments on the page as a whole:

Click the icon to the right of the page title (works the same as paragraphs)


No comments yet.

Comments are by invitation only.