Isl. Ms. 529


Kitāb Sharḥ Muqaddimat Abī al-Layth,[870, i.e. 1466].كتاب شرح مقدمة ابي الليث,[870ه، 1466م].


Qaramānī, Muṣṭafá ibn Zakarīyā ibn Aydughmish,d.1406.قرماني، مصطفى بن زكريا ايدغمش.

Place/Date of Production:



148 leaves :paper ;265 x 188 (190 x 115) mm.


Elegant copy of al-Tawḍīḥ (التوضيح), the commentary by Muṣṭafá ibn Zakarīyā ibn Aydughmish al-Qaramānī (d.1406) on al-Muqaddimah fī al-ṣalāh, a work on jurisprudential issues pertaining to the canonical prayer (ṣalāh, ṣalāt) by Abū al-Layth al-Samarqandī (d.993). Includes table of contents on added leaf (p.6).

Other Title(s):

TawḍīḥتوضيحTitle from inscription on front flyleaf:توضيح شرح مقدمة ابي الليث السمرقندي


Salat--Early works to 1800.
Islam--Prayers and devotions--Early works to 1800.
Prayer--Islam--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Abū al-Layth al-Samarqandī, Naṣr ibn Muḥammad,--d. 983?--Muqaddimah fī al-ṣalāh.




Ms. codex.
Title from titlepiece on 'title page' (p.7).


" الحمد لله رب العالمين والصلوة والسلام على رسوله محمد واله وعلى جميع رسل الله وانبيائه ... وبعد يقول الفقير الى رحمة ربه الغني مصطفى بن زكريا ابن ايدغرمش القرماني ... لما رأيت مختصر مقدمة الصلاة المنسوب تأليفه الى الشيخ الامام قطب المتهجدين ... نصر بن محمد الفقيه ابي الليث السمرقندي ... قد اشتهر فيما بين الانام بركاته وشملتهم فوائده ... اردت ان اكتب له شرحا تحل مشكلاته ويفصل مجملاته ... فسميته التوضيح وسألت الله ان ينفع به كما نفع باصله ..."


"ثم اعتقادي مذهب النعمان والى الخير والصلاح بقطع الكلام راجين من الله الفلاح والفوز بالنجاح انه هو الوهاب الفتاح وشاركين حامدين على تمام التوضيح انه هو المشكور على افاضة نعمه والمسؤك خاتمة السعادة بفضله وكرمه والصلاة والتسليم على اشرف الخلق سيدنا محمد واله وصحبه اجمعين والحمد لله وحده تم الكتاب بأسره وبعون الله يسره"


"Scribal," rectangular, reads "وكان الفراغ من كتابته يوم الثلثاء ثالث عشرين شهر رجب الفرد عام سبعين وثمانمائة على يد الفقير الى ربه القدير احمد بن ابي بكر المنهلي الازهري الشافعي ختم الله له بخير ولمالكه ولقارئه وللناظر فيه ولمستمعه والمسلمين اجمعين"


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:

i, V-1 (9), 13 V(139), V-1 (148), i ; exclusively quinions ; catchwords present ; foliation in black ink, Hindu-Arabic numerals ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes inserts).


Written in 17 lines per page ; frame-ruled.


Naskh, characteristically Mamlūk ; fine Egyptian or 'Syrian' hand in a medium line ; serifless, fairly large and spacious, somewhat stiff with some elongation of horizontal strokes, occasional sweeping descenders (mainly final nūn, yāʼ, etc.), foot of isolated lām seated flatly on the baseline with foot of final joined lām descending below the baseline (still quite flat), bowl of final and isolated nūn usually abbreviated (with scarcely a continuing upstroke), pointing in distinct dots ; extensively vocalized.


Elegant illuminated titlepiece on 'title page' (p.7) in white, gold, red, and blue consisting of two rectangular panels, each with lozenge set among three roundels carrying the title and benediction for the author in white with gold outline and red accents on field of blue, separated by an eight-lobed medallion (shamsah) carrying the author's name in white with gold outline on a field of red with blue accents, all set off by arabesque designs in gold on fields of red and blue and ansae in the form of roundels (accompanying the rectangular panels) and an almond-shaped piece (accompanying the medallion) ; illuminated anepigraphic tailpiece at close on p.300 consisting of rectangular piece filled with almond-shapes formed of the intersection of arcs in white and gold, filled with floral decoration (approaching arabesque) in gold on fields of red and blue and accompanied by ansa in the form of a roundel ; keywords rubricated ; textual divders in the form of inverted commas in red.


non-European laid paper with roughly 7 laid lines per cm. (horizontal, quite diffuse) and chain lines grouped in threes with roughly 7-9 mm. between chains and 47-50 mm. between groups (vertical) ; well-sized and burnished ; some staining and losses to pests.


Pasteboards covered in olive green leather ; Type II binding (with flap) ; pastedowns and flyleaves in yellow surface-dyed European laid paper ; upper and lower covers carry blind-stamped scalloped mandorla (filled with vegetal composition, compare Dèroche class. OAi2) and pendants with tooled annulet accents and tooled border in a series of s-shaped stamps flanked by fillets ; sewn in yellow thread, two stations ; worked chevron endbands in pink and cream, fair condition ; overall in fair condition with some abrasion, staining, slight negative draw in upper cover, etc.

Accompanying Materials:

a. Inventory cataloguing slip in hand of Winifred Smeaton Thomas (pp.1-2) -- b. Acquisitions slip from Yahuda (pp.3-4).

Former Shelfmarks:

From inner front cover and spine label, "IL 64" (likely supplied by Yahuda, see acquisitions slip).


As appears in colophon on p.300, copied by Aḥmad ibn Abī Bakr al-Manhalī al-Azharī al-Shāfiʻī with transcription completed ("wa-kāna al-farāgh min kitābatih...") 23 Rajab 870 [March 1466].

Ownership and History:

Ownership statements on p.300 include statement dated 1 Jumādá I 1260 [May 1844] in name of ʻAlī ibn ʻUthmān Aghā (Ali bin Osman Ağa) and statement dated 1279 [1862 or 3] in name of one Muḥammad ... [?] ; occasional marginal corrections, glosses, and notabilia (side-heads) ; text of rubrics often indicated in the margins (see p.80, etc.).

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!


04 Aḥmad ibn Abī Bakr al-Manhalī al-Azharī, scribe. 04 احمد بن ابي بكر المنهلي الازهري، ناسخ.

Former Owner(s):

05 Ali bin Osman Ağa, fl. 1844, former owner. 05 غلى بن عثمان اغا، مالك سابق.

In Collection:

Yahuda Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GAL,I 196 no.5 cmtre b ; S I 348.Ḥājjī Khalīfah. Kashf al-ẓunūn,2/1795

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on September 8, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Yahuda Collection

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