Shelfmark:

Isl. Ms. 521

Title:

[al-Mukhtaṣar fī bayān al-iʻtiqād maʻa Sharḥ al-Fiqh al-akbar,1141, i.e. 1729 and 1140, i.e. 1728].[المختصر في بيان الاعتقاد مع شرح الفقه الاكبر,1141ه, 1729م و 1140ه, 1728م].

Author:

Yaḥyā ibn Abī Bakr al-Ḥanafī.يحيى بن ابي بكر الحنفي.

Place/Date of Production:

[1728-1729].

Size:

56 leaves :paper ;200 x 143 (152-160 x 70-80) mm.

Summary:

Two theological works, namely Yaḥyá ibn Abī Bakr al-Ḥanafī's al-Mukhtaṣar fī bayān al-iʻtqād or Asīr-i malāḥidah, an Arabic rendering of the author's own work on doctrine originally composed in Persian, followed by Abū al-Muntahá Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad al-Maghnīsāwī's (d.1592) commentary on the theological treatise of Abū Ḥanīfah (d.767), al-Fiqh al-akbar.

Other Title(s):

Title from heading at opening (p.8):كتاب اسر ملاحيدهTitle from 'title page' (p.7):مختصر في الاعتقاداتTitle from inscription on front flyleaf (p.5):اسير ملاحيدهTitle from colophon (p.62):اسير ملاحدهاسير الملاحدة في الالفاظ المكفرةKitâb-i Ebül-Müntahaكتاب ابو المنتهى

Subject(s):

Islam--Doctrines--Early works to 1800.
Muslim heretics--Early works to 1800.
Faith (Islam)--Early works to 1800.
Hanafites--Early works to 1800.
Islamic law--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Abū Ḥanīfah,--d. 767 or 8.--Fiqh al-akbar.

Language:

Arabic.

Notes:

Ms. codex.
Title supplied by cataloguer.

Incipit:

[al-Mukhtaṣar fī bayān al-iʻtiqād] "الحمد لله المتوحد بازلى الوجود والذات المتفرد بقدم النعوت والصفات ... اما بعد فيقول العبد المفتقر الى رحمة الله تع يحيى بن ابي بكر الحنفي ... لما اتفق من تأليف مختصر بالفارسي في بيان الاعتقاد وانتشر ذلك بين طالبيه بالاجتهاد سأل مني جماعة من الطلبة والخلان ان اكتب مسائله عربيا فصيح البيان يسهل حفظ للمبتدين من الاخوان فاجبتهم الى ذلك ... وكان المختصر على ثلاثة اباب ..." ; [Sharḥ al-Fiqh al-akbar] "الحمد لله الذي هدينا [هدانا] الى طريق اهل السنة والجماعة بفضله العظيم ... اما بعد فيقول العبد الضعيف المذنب ابو المنتهى ... ان كتاب الاكبر الذي صنفه الامام الاعظم كتاب صحيح مقبول ... وقد ضف ابو حنيفة رحمه الله في ذلك الفقه الاكبر ... فاردت ان اجمع كلمات من الكتاب والسنة من الكتب المعتبرة حتى يكون شرحا لهذا الكتاب الشريف اللطيف ..."

Explicit:

[al-Mukhtaṣar fī bayān al-iʻtiqād] "وروي عن انيس بن مالك ان نقش خاتم رسول الله كان ثلاثة اسطر الاول محمد والثاني رسول والثالث الله وكان خاتم ابو بكر نعم القادر هو الله ونقش خاتم علي بن ابي طالب الملك لله" ; [Sharḥ al-Fiqh al-akbar] "اي يوفق ويثبت على اعتقاد صحيح وعمل صالح من تعلق مشيئته الازلية في الازل بهدايته قول الامام الاعظم ابي ح رحمة الله عليه والله تع يهدى من يشاء الى آه كانه قال فما علينا الا البلاغ والله يهدى من يشاء الى صراط مستقيم اللهم يا هادي المهتدين اهدنا الصراط المستقيم تمت الكتاب بعون الله الملك الوهاب م"

Colophon:

[al-Mukhtaṣar fī bayān al-iʻtiqād] "Scribal," triangular, reads "قد وقع الفراغ من تحرير هذه النسخة الشريفة اللطيفة المرغوبة بين طالبين المسمى باسير ملاحده في شهر نصف شوال في يوم آذنه يوقت ضحوة الاصغر تم يد الضعيف ابراهيم بن عبد الله غفر الله له ولجميع المسلمين والمسلمات ... والحمد لله رب العالمين برحمتك يا ارحم الراحمين سنه مائة والف احدى واربعين في ١٥ ش سنه ١١۴۱ م" ; [Sharḥ al-Fiqh al-akbar] "Scribal," triangular, reads "اللهم صل وسلم على جميع الانبياء والمرسلين خصوصا على محمد واله وصحبه اجمعين سنه اربعين مائه والف تم في يوم اذينه من شهر ذي الحجه المبارك في وقت العصر غفر الله ذنوبه وذنوب المؤمنين والمؤمنات برحمتك يا ارحم الراحمين والحمد لله رب العالمين في ۲۰ ذى الحجه سنه ١١۴۰ م"

Dedication:

Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!

Contents:

1. p.8-p.62 : [al-Mukhtaṣar fī bayān al-iʻtiqād, or Asīr-i malāḥidah] / Yaḥyā ibn Abī Bakr al-Ḥanafī.
2. p.63 : [originally blank as 'title page' for second work, now excerpts].
3. p.64-p.116 : [Sharḥ al-Fiqh al-akbar] / Abū al-Muntahá Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad al-Maghnīsāwī.
4. p.117-p.118 : [originally blank, now excerpts, etc.]

Physical Details:
Collation:

i, 2 V(20), IV (28), VI (40), VIII (56), i ; opening work lacks proper catchwords but last word of final line on the verso of each leaf is usually repeated at the beginning of the first line on the following recto ; catchwords present in second work ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes inserts and front flyleaf).

Layout:

Written in 15 and 17 lines per page ; frame-ruled.

Script:

Naskh ; compact Turkish hand ; virtually serifless, with tilt to the left, quite rounded with curvilinear descenders, pointing in strokes rather than distinct dots, some superscripting of final letters of words, freely ligatured ; partially vocalized.

Decoration:

Keywords and section headings rubricated ; overlining in red.

Support:

European laid paper of several types ; one type with 11 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 23 mm. apart (horizontal), and watermark with grapes (raisin) under cartouche with "D T" [?] and crown (see p.10, 19, etc.), crisp though sturdy, burnished (some bifolia only lightly others to glossy) ; another type with 11 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 20-21 mm. apart (horizontal), and watermark with grapes (raisin) under cartouche with "D ♥ A" and crown (see p.30, 43, etc.) ; still another type with 6 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 28-30 mm. apart (horizontal), and three crescents watermark (94 mm. long, perpendicular to chains).

Binding:

Pasteboards covered in marbled paper (in pink/salmon, blue, yellow, etc.) with teal leather over spine ; Type III binding (without flap) ; pastedowns and flyleaves in purple wove paper ; sewn in yellow thread, two stations ; worked chevron endbands in yellow and purple, quite good condition ; overall in fair condition with some abrasion, staining, etc.

Accompanying Materials:

a. Inventory cataloguing slip in hand of Winifred Smeaton Thomas. (pp.1-2)-- b. Acquisitions slip from Yahuda. (pp.3-4).

Former Shelfmarks:

From inner front cover and label on lower cover, "IL 14" (likely supplied by Yahuda, see acquisitions slip).

Origin:

As appears in colophons on pp.61-62 and pp.116, both texts likely copied by Ibrāhīm ibn ʻAbd Allāh with transcription of opening work completed 15 Shawwāl 1141 [May 1729] and transcription of second work completed 20 Dhū al-Ḥijjah 1140 [July 1728].

Ownership and History:

Marginal and interlinear glosses and corrections.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

04--Maghnīsāwī, Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad,--d. 1591 or 2.--Sharḥ al-Fiqh al-akbar.
04--مغنيساوي، احمد بن محمد.--شرح الفقه الاكبر.
Kitâb-i Ebül-Müntahaكتاب ابو المنتهى

Scribe(s):

05 Ibrāhīm ibn ʻAbd Allāh, fl. 1729, scribe. 05 ابراهيم بن عبد الله, ناسخ.

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

In Collection:

Yahuda Collection.

References:

Brockelmann, C. GAL,S I 292Brockelmann, C. GAL,I 170

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on September 8, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Yahuda Collection

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