Shelfmark:

Isl. Ms. 503

Title:

[Kitāb al-Jawāhir wa-al-durar wa-baʻdahu Kitāb min Allāh sabaqa,early 18th century and 1160?, i.e. 1747?].[كتاب الجواهر والدرر وبعده كتاب من الله سبق,اوائل القرن 18م و1160ه؟، 1747م؟].

Author:

Shaʻrānī, ʻAbd al-Wahhāb ibn Aḥmad,1493-1565 or 6.شعرانى، عبد الوهاب بن أحمد.

Place/Date of Production:

[1700-1747].

Size:

166 leaves :paper ;211 x 163 (160 x 93) mm.

Summary:

Fine copy of the Ṣūfī work expositing a collection of spiritual utterances attributed to al-Shaʻrānī's shaykh, ʻAlī al-Khawwāṣ al-Burullusī (d.1532 or 3). Apparently once in a collection (majmūʻah) that contained the works listed on opening 'title page' (p.9). Now followed by a work attributed to Ibn ʻArabī (d.1240), Kitāb min Allāh sabaqa.

Other Title(s):

Edge title (tail):الجواهر والدرر وما معهكتاب من الله سبق من قبل ان فتق ورتق

Subject(s):

Sufism--Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.

Language:

Arabic.

Notes:

Ms. composite codex.
Title supplied by cataloguer from inscriptions on opening 'title page' (p.9).

Incipit:

[al-Jawāhir wa-al-durar] "الحمد لله رب العالمين والصلي واسلم على سيدنا محمد ... وبعد فهذه جواهر درر التقطتها من كلام شيخي وقدوتي الى الله تعالى الشيخ الكامل ... علي الخواص البرنسي [البرلسي] ... وسميته بالجواهر والدرر ..." ; [Kitāb min Allāh sabaqa] "وصلى الله على سيدنا محمد واله وصحبه وسلم هذا كتاب من الله سبق من قبل ان فتق ورتق ضمنه عهد من صدق وصدق ..."

Explicit:

Can you help transcribe the explicit? Please comment!

Colophon:

[Kitāb min Allāh sabaqa] "وكان الفراغ من كتابة هذا المولف في يوم الخميس في تاسع من شهر جمادى الثاني المبارك سنه ١٦٠ على يدي افقر الورى ... الفقير اسماعيل اللدي وطنا الازهري نسبة[؟] الرفاعي طريقة عفي الله عنه وعن والديه وعن مشايخه وعن جميع المسلمين امين امين امين"

Dedication:

Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!

Contents:

1. p.10-p.297 : al-Jawāhir wa-al-durar / ʻAbd al-Wahhāb ibn Aḥmad al-Shaʻrānī.
2. p.297-p.301 : [selection of ijāzāt, etc. transcribed from the manuscript exemplar under the heading "Ṣūrah mā ʻalá aṣlih min khuṭūṭ mashāyikh al-islām bi-Miṣr al-maḥrūsah"].
3. p.302-p.305 : [assorted exceprts].
4. p.306-308 : [blank].
5. p.309 : [originally blank, now 'title page' for final work with title and a few study / reading notices and ownership statement].
6. p.310-p.337 : Kitāb min Allāh sabaqa min qabli an futiqa wa rutiqa [?] / Ibn al-ʻArabī.

Physical Details:
Collation:

16 V(160), III (166) ; almost exclusively quinions ; quire numbering in the form of Hindu-Arabic numerals in the upper outer corner of the opening recto of each of the first five quires ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes inserts).

Layout:

Written in 21-23 lines per page.

Script:

Naskh ; at least three hands ; opening of al-Jawāhir al-durar (through p.108) in an elegant Egyptian or 'Syrian' [?] hand, mainly serifless and quite rounded with curvilinear descenders, effect of tilt to the left, freely ligatured, pointing (for two and three dots) mainly distinct dots, point of final nūn set deep in bowl, kāf mashqūqah preferred ; remainder of al-Jawāhir al-durar and paratext from exemplar (p.109-p.301) in possibly two or three hands, similar to first but more compact with pointing in strokes, freely ligatured ; final work in still another hand, somewhat angular with 'Syrian' character, mainly serifless with effect of tilt to the left or right, occasional effect of words descending to baseline, some elongation of horizontal strokes, somewhat carelessly pointed (with two and three dots distinct or conjoined).

Decoration:

Some keywords rubricated ; textual dividers in the form of red discs and inverted commas.

Support:

European laid paper of several types ; near the opening a type with 6 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 25-30 mm. apart (horizontal), and watermarks including three crescents (80 mm. long, perpendicular to chains, see p.14, 23, etc.) and egg-like figure with six circles within and crown above (see p.18, 19, etc. and compare nos. 378, 381, 387, 392 and 394 dated 1724-1726 in Nikolaev, Watermarks of the Ottoman Empire, vol.1) ; another type with 7 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 28-29 mm. apart (horizontal), and three crescents watermark (73 mm. long, perpendicular to chains, see p.34, 43, etc.) ; paper of the latter quires with 8 laid lines per cm. (vertical), chain lines spaced 25 mm. apart (horizontal), and three crescents watermark (66 mm. long, perpendicular to the chains) ; minor staining.

Binding:

Pasteboards now covered in dark pink cloth ; Type II binding (with flap) ; board linings (doublures) and lining of envelope flap in marbled paper (mainly in blue, pink, yellow and white) ; fore edge flap lined in red brown leathers ; sewn in light blue thread, two stations ; overall in fair condition with some staining and lifting of cloth.

Accompanying Materials:

a. Acquisitions slip from Yahuda (pp.1-2) -- b. Three inventory cataloguing slips in hand of Winifred Smeaton Thomas (pp.3-8).

Former Shelfmarks:

From spine label, inner front cover and 'title page' (p.9), "IL 77" (likely supplied by Yahuda, see acquisitions slip).


1
Origin:

As appears in colophon on p.337, final work copied by Ismāʻīl al-Liddī al-Azharī al-Rifāʻī with transcription completed 9 Jumādá II 1160 [?] [1747 ?]. Dated reading notice on opening 'title page' provides a rough terminus ante quem for first work of 1727. Paper for opening work would suggest early 18th century. Dated reading notices for one ʻAbd al-Karīm ibn ʻAbd al-Raḥmān on 'title pages' for both works would suggest that both works had been brought together by 1778 or 9.

Ownership and History:

Several ownership statements (some effaced) and reading / study notices on 'title page' for opening work (p.9) including reading / study note in name of Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥājj ʻAlī al-ʻAṭṭār ( محمد بن محمد بن علي العطار ) dated 1139 [August 1727], reading / study note in name of one ʻAbd al-Karīm ( عبد الكريم ) dated 15 Rajab 1190 [August 1776], ownership / purchase statement in name of ʻAbd al-Ḥayy ibn ʻAbd al-Qādir al-ʻAlamī ( عبد الحي بن عبد القادر العلمي ) dated 1193 [?] [1779 ?], reading / study note in name of Muḥammad ibn ʻUmar Zaytūnah ( محمد بن عمر زيتونة ) dated 26 Jumādá II [?] 1250 [1834] or possibly 1251 [1835] , and ownership statement in name of al-Sayyid Muḥammad ... al-Ḥusaynī [?] (السيد محمد ... الحسيني ) dated 1282 [1865 or 6] ; selection of ijāzāt, etc. appearing on the exemplar from which the opening work was copied (pp.297-301) ; ownership statement and reading / study notices on 'title page' for final work (p. 309) include statement dated 1192 [1778 or 9] in name of the aforementioned ʻAbd al-Karīm ibn al-Shaykh ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ( عبد الكريم ابن الشيخ عبد الرحمن ), ownership / purchase statement in name of the aforementioned ʻAbd al-Ḥayy ibn ʻAbd al-Qādir al-ʻAlamī ( عبد الحي بن عبد القادر العلمي ), and reading / study notice dated 26 [?] 1250 [1834 or 5] in name of ʻUmar Zaytūnah ( عمر زيتزنه ) father of the aforementioned Muḥammad (for further details on this family, see "biographical information on the Zaituna family in Ms. Berlin We II 1148, fol. 50v" description provided by B. Liebrenz); occasional marginal corrections.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

04--Ibn al-ʻArabī,--1165-1240.--Kitāb min Allāh sabaqa.
04--ابن العربي.--كتاب من الله سبق.
كتاب من الله سبق من قبل ان فتق ورتق

Scribe(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Former Owner(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

In Collection:

Yahuda Collection.

References:

Brockelmann, C. GAL,II 337 ( no.23)Brockelmann, C. GAL,S I 790 ff.Nikolaev, Vsevolod. Watermarks of the mediaeval Ottoman documents in Bulgarian libraries. In Watermarks of the Ottoman Empire, volume 1. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1954.

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on August 19, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Yahuda Collection

Total comments on this page: 1

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Boris Liebrenz on paragraph 24:

One of the readers found on the title page, Muhammad (Amin) b. Umar Zaituna, was born in 1237 according to biographical information on the Zaituna family in Ms. Berlin We II 1148, fol. 50v. About his Mss see here: http://www.refaiya.uni-leipzig.de/receive/RefaiyaSecentry_secentry_00000641.
The reading statement of his father, Umar b. Ibrahim agha Zaituna, is found on p. 309. This man was born in 1208. He was also possessor of Berlin We I 43 (9.Rağab 1260), 45 (1250), 47 (3.ỒQ1254), 115 (1263 from the estate of ‛Abdallāh al-Usţuwānī); We II 1, 134 (Śafar 1262), 243 (21.Śafar1262), 1533 (4.Ša‛bān1241), 1729 (10.Muỏarram1257), 1748 (25.Śafar1262); reader of We II 424 (with his son), 513 (1.RI1233), 514(RI1233), 515 (1.RI1233), 516 (1.RI1233), 566, 1233 (1258).

August 22, 2010 4:19 pm

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