Isl. Ms. 465


Tafsīr Sūrat al-Fātiḥah nuqila min Tafsīr al-kabīr,[1238, i.e. 1823].تفسير سورة الفاتحة نقل من تفسير الكبير,[1238ه، 1823م].


Rāzī, Fakhr al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn ʻUmar,1149 or 50-1210.رازي، فخر الدين محمد ابن عمر.

Place/Date of Production:



103 leaves :paper ;237 x 172 (179 x 115) mm.


Fine copy of the commentary on Sūrat al-Fātiḥah taken from Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī's (d.1210) great commentary on the Qurʼān, Mafātīḥ al-ghayb or al-Tafsīr al-kabīr.

Other Title(s):

Mafātīḥ al-ghayb.Kalām fī Sūrat al-Fātiḥahمفاتيح الغيب.كلام في سورة الفاتحةTitle from inscription on front flyleaf (p.3):تفسير الفاتحة


Manuscripts, Arabic--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
Koran.--Sūrat al-Fātiḥah--Commentaries--Early works to 1800.
Koran--Commentaries--Early works to 1800.




Ms. codex.
Title from colophon on p.214.


"اللهم يا رب يا حي يا قيوم يا بديع ... الكلام في سورة الفاتحة وفي ذكر اسماء هذه السورة وفيه ابواب الباب الاول اعلم ان هذه السورة لها اسماء كثيرة ..."


"بدليل قوله الست بربكم قالوا بلى وصفة الرحمن لوسط حالهم وصفة الملك لنهاية حالهم بدليل قوله لمن الملك اليوم لله الواحد القهار والله اعلم بالصواب واليه المرجع والمآب"


"Scribal," rectangular and triangular, reads "تم تفسير سورة الفاتحة نقل من تفسير الكبير للامام فخر الدين الرازي رحمة الله تعالى عليه بعون الله الوهاب عز ذكره في شهر شعبان فتحت فيه ابواب الجنان يوم الجمعة مضت منه عشرون يوما سنة ۱۲۳٨ الف وماتان وثمان ثلثون بعد هجرت النبي صلى الله عليه واله وامه ابيه رب اغفر وارحم لمن قرأ هذا الكتاب ونظر فيه ولكاتبه محمد علي ولمالكه مجازا محمد سعيد ولوالديه واحسن اليه واليهما تم"


Can you help transcribe the dedication? Please comment!


Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!

Physical Details:

iv, 12 IV (96), IV-1 (103), iv ; almost exclusively quaternions ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes flyleaves).


Written in 15 lines per page.


Naskh ; elegant Persianate hand ; mainly serifless with very slight effect of tilt to the left, curvilinear descenders (some sweeping), occasional slight effect of words descending to baseline, many open counters, pointing (for two and three dots) mainly in distinct dots, some free assimilation of letters, bowl of final nūn somewhat wide with point set just down inside.


Keywords, section headings and abbreviation symbols (mainly stroke above words of interest) rubricated ; some overlining in red.


non-European (likely Persian or Indian) laid paper with 8 laid lines per cm. (vertical, curved) and single chain lines spaced 28-30 mm. apart (horizontal, somewhat irregularly visible) ; thin and transluscent though sturdy, crisp, cloud formation, some inclusions, beige in color, well-burnished to glossy ; staining and tidelines.


Pasteboards covered in dark red leather ; Type III binding (without flap) ; doublures in dark red leather ; upper and lower covers carry border in a series of tooled fillets ; inscriptions referring to contents in black ink ( "الفاتحة | فاتحة الكتاب" ) on upper cover ; sewn in cream thread, eight stations, sewn over narrow, thin cloth strips ; worked endbands in cream and pink, some damage ; overall in somewhat poor condition with significant staining, moisture damage, some lifting and losses of leather (at board corners especially), detached at spine (including lower cover), etc.

Accompanying Materials:

a. Acquisitions slip from Yahuda -- b. Inventory cataloguing slip in hand of Winifred Smeaton Thomas.

Former Shelfmarks:

From inner front cover (upper doublure), front flyleaf (p.1), and spine label, "IL 55" (likely supplied by Yahuda, see acquisitions slip).


As appears in colophon on p.214, copied by Muḥammad ʻAlī with transcription completed 20 Shaʻbān 1238 [May 1823], likely for Muḥammad Saʻīd who is mentioned as owner in the colophon.

Ownership and History:

Possible former owners' mark on 'title page' (p.9) in name of Aḥmad ibn al-Sayyid al-Shaykh Manṣūr al-Rifāʻī al-Madanī ( احمد ابن السيد الشيخ منصور الرفاعي المدني ) above what appears to be an effaced owners' mark ; ownership (and possible patronage) statement in name of Muḥammad Saʻīd provided in colophon (p.214), "...ولمالكه مجازا محمد سعيد ..." ; fairly clean copy.

Contributor(s) / Included work(s):

Unidentified-Can you help supply this information? Please comment!


04 Muḥammad ʻAlī, fl. 1823, scribe. 04 محمد علي, ناسخ.

Former Owner(s):

05 محمد سعيد, مالك سابق, راع.

In Collection:

Yahuda Collection.


Brockelmann, C. GALI 506 (III. / 6)Ḥājjī Khalīfah. Kashf al-ẓunūn,vi 5, no. 12516 ; ii 373, no. 3356Brit. Mus. Suppl.,111

Images1 2

Posted by evyn on August 19, 2010
Tags: Arabic MSS, Fully Catalogued, Yahuda Collection

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